Der Waffenstillstand von Brest-Litowsk 1917

Synopsis

1 subtitles: Arrival of the Russian delegation at the train station in Brest-Litovsk.
2. subheads: Members of the delegation: Joffe, Chairman, Mrs. A. A. Bicenko, Maj. Skalon, Admiral Altvater, Lieutenant-Colonel Fokke, Captain e. p. Lipsky, Kameff, Dolive Dobrowolsky, Karachan, Secretary of the delegation.
Image: Greeting the delegation by the German military (with pimples hoods) on the platform;
the Russian delegates Bicenko and Karachan in conversation.
3. subtitles: Departure of the delegates in their quarters.
Image: The German officers escort the Russian delegates to the available cars;
the Russian delegates get in the car and leave.
4. subheads: before the quarter of the delegates.
Image: Talks between German officers and the Russian delegate;
the Russian delegation enters her quarters.
5. subtitles: Russian delegates go to the session.
Image: Russian delegates entering closed subsequent to the first session.
6. Subtitles: The House where Armistice negotiations were held.
Image: Greeting enter the wooden house, where the negotiations are taking place.
7 subtitles: Woman Bicenko on the way to the meeting.
Image: Anastasija Bicenko (Bizenko) goes alone through the snow constantly to the session.
8 subtitles: Excellence Zeki Pasha goes to trial.
Image: The Ottoman Marshal Zeki Pasha embarks in accompaniment to the proceedings.
9 subtitles: Bulgarian delegates: Colonel Gantschew, Counsellor Dr. Anastasow.
Image: The Bulgarian delegates Colonel Peter Gantschew (uniform) and Counsellor Dr. Theodor Anastasow go to the session.
10 subtitles: General Hoffmann goes with the German and Austro-Hungarian representative to the session.
Image: General Max Hoffmann (front, left) with the German and Austro-Hungarian representative.
11 subtitles: Signing of the Armistice Agreement by Prince Leopold of Bavaria. Image: still photo of the signing of the Treaty by the Supreme Commander East, Prince Leopold of Bavaria (left side sitting, 3.v.v.), to the 15.12.1917;
Russian participants: Lew Kamenew, Adolf Abramowitsch Joffe, Anastasija Bicenko, Wassili Altvater (right side sitting, v.v.), Lipsky (standing right side, front) and Lew Karachan (right side standing, 3.v.v.);
the representative of Turkey Zeki Pasha, Kajetan Mérey of kapos-Mére, representative of Austro-Hungarian Empire, Prince Leopold of Bavaria, General Max Hoffmann, Colonel Peter Gantschew, military representative of Bulgaria (left side sitting, v.v..

Persons in the Film

Kamenew, Lew Borissowitsch; Gantschew, Peter; Joffe, Adolf Abramowitsch; Hoffmann, Max; Altvater, Wassili; Baraz , Mehmet Zeki ; Anastasow, Theodor; Bicenko, Anastassija; Karachan, Lew

Places

Brest (Brest-Litowsk)

Topics

Eastern Front (World War I); 1914-1918 (total period; first world war); First world war

Type

Documentary

Genre

Non-fictional and Event Document (S)

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Der Waffenstillstand von Brest-Litowsk

Country of Origin:
German Reich

Year of Production and/or Release

Year of Production:
1917
Year of Runtime:
1917

Censorship date: 04.01.1918

Censorship date: 09.02.1918

Censorship date: 19.01.1922

Credits

Technical Data

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Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (February 9, 1918)

On February 9, 1918 the first peace treaty of World War I is signed in Brest-Litovsk. It is a separate treaty between the newly established Ukrainian People’s Republic and the Central Powers. The treaty provides the newly independent Ukraine with German and Austro-Hungarian military aid in their struggle against Soviet Russia. In return the Ukraine promises to supply urgently needed basic commodities and food supplies to their former enemies—which is why the treaty is also called “peace for bread” in German.   

The treaty is signed while the German Reich and Soviet Russia are conducting their own peace negotiations. War weariness had led to uprisings in Soviet Russia even before the February Revolution. After the Bolsheviks take over power and declare their Decree on Peace Lenin begins to look for a way to exit the war. Following a public peace offer the armistice is signed on December 15, 1917. Official peace negotiations begin in early January.

However, the Bolsheviks break off their negotiations with the Germans just one day after the signing of the “peace for bread”, as many of their comrades consider the territorial demands too harsh and the peace terms too severe. Consequently, the troops of the German Reich start a full-scale offensive at the Easter Front, with the Austro-Hungarian military joining in soon after that. Weakened by internal conflict Soviet Russia cannot muster any resistance. They have no choice but return to the negotiating table. On March 3, 1918 Lenin’s appointees sign the peace treaty of Brest-Litovsk with tremendous concessions. Its terms are eventually cancelled by the Paris Peace Treaties.

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