Die ersten Aufnahmen aus der Schlacht im Westen 1918

Synopsis

1 subtitles: The artillery in the fire on March 21, 1918 11:30 o'clock in the morning.
Image: Start of the German offensive ("Michael") at the 21.03.1918;
Artillery in the bombardment of enemy positions (7.7 cm field gun 16).
2. subheads: Infantry reserves following the fighting force.
Image: marching infantry reserves over free terrain.
3. subtitles: The first prisoners at Itancourt.
Image: First English prisoners at Itancourt, a wounded held in a tent.
4. subheads: Artillery exceeds the own front line quickly made bridges.
Image: Guns are pulled along an emergency bridge built in the ditch.
5. subheads: Guns are brought about the first enemy position.
Image: Soldiers bring a gun into the enemy position on difficult terrain.
6 subheads: machine gunner pass second English line.
Image: Machine Gunners pass second English line.
7. Subtitles: Reserves rest in a hollow at Urvillers, about 500 yards behind the line of battle.
Image: Racing a reserve force in the trough at Urvillers.
8 subtitles: The battle bagage, ammunition columns etc. towards evening the combatants runs to. Walk through the village of Mézières.
Image: Hauled battle baggage and ammunition columns on the March through the destroyed village of Mézières.
9 subtitles: The prisoner number grows by the hour.
Image: British prisoners train marching through a town (long settings);
Arrival in the internment camps;
Prisoner groups sit on the fenced meadow.

Places

Itancourt; Urvillers; Mézières

Topics

First world war; France; 1914-1918 (total period; first world war); Military (military; Reichswehr; Wehrmacht; National People's Army/NVA; Bundeswehr); Westfront (Erster Weltkrieg)

Type

Documentary

Genre

War Film (S)

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Die ersten Aufnahmen aus der Schlacht im Westen

Bilder aus der großen Schlacht (series title)

Bilder aus der großen Schlacht im Westen (1. Teil) (other original titles)

Country of Origin:
German Reich

Year of Production and/or Release

Year of Production:
1918

Censorship date: 01.04.1918

Censorship date: 17.04.1918

Censorship date: 04.10.1921

Credits

Technical Data

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Spring Offensive along the Western Front (beginning March 21, 1918)

In the hopes of turning the seemingly endless static trench warfare along the Western front, that had cost so many lives, into a victory after all, the Germans decide to pursue one last major effort in the spring of 1918. Their plan includes five offensives to break through the very stubborn front lines. Strategic wise, the Russian Revolution and the peace agreement with the Russians had created apparently favourable conditions. The Supreme Army Command is able to unobtrusively gather all available forces at the Western front. They also adopt tactical paradigmatic changes, such as deploying so-called stormtroopers, in an attempt to startle the Entente with a surprise effect. During their first three offensives—the operations Michael, Georgette and Blücher-Yorck—the advance is substantial. But supply shortages and new resistance coming from fresh enemy units brings the operations to a halt until early June. In the meantime the two Western Allies appoint French Marshal Ferdinand Foch the commander-in-chief of the entire Western front. US forces arrive and provide massive support. All of this hampers the Germans’ last two attacks and they suffer tremendous losses. A French counter offensive starting on July 18 pushes them back to their pre-spring starting points by August. The Hundred Days Offensive beginning on August 8 goes down in history as the „black day of the German army“ and marks the final watershed of World War I.

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