Welt im Bild 149/1955 04.05.1955

Synopsis

Passed! Forget? A review of Germany's bitterest days the final battle for Berlin. Russian tanks. German soldiers surrender with arms raised. The red flag at the Brandenburg Gate. Signing the capitulation of General field marshal Keitel by. German soldiers arise and go into captivity. Cities of debris. Military cemeteries. Conference of Yalta with Roosevelt; Churchill, Stalin: Decision of Germany's transformation into an agricultural State. Potsdam Conference: divided Germany into zones. Refugees from the or-er Neisse territories. Release of prisoners of war by the Western allies. The time of hunger 1945-1948: food stamps. Queues in front of the shops. Storm on the meat Bank. Black market. Trains with passengers on roofs and running boards. Hitchhiking on roads. Remove monument to Kaiser Wilhelm. Disassemblies. Unemployment. Rubble women, unemployed.

02. Berlin: unveiling of Monument: Trümmerfrau at the height of Ricksdorfer is revealed by Luise Schröder a monument the Trümmerfrau.

03. Bonn: Visit of French Foreign Minister Antoine Pinay car goes forward. Pinay gets out and enters the House. German and French flag. Adenauer and Pinay on balcony of the terrace of the Palais Schaumburg. Cameramen. Adenauer interview: "I am Very much happy to welcome Mr President Pinay, I know for a long time, here in Bonn." Pinay interview (French): "We have sealed the friendship of the two peoples." Handshake Adenauer pinay.
(27 m) 04. Berlin: May 1 celebrations of Liberty Bell Rings, wholesale. Rally prior to the Schöneberg Town Hall. Transparent: 40 hours is enough. Mayor Dr. Suhr speaks. The Brandenburg Gate. May move to East Berlin to VIP pass. Sign: At the beginning of the democratic sector of greater Berlin. Mass pass to grandstand. Wilhelm Pieck in Gallery.
(26 m) 05. Vienna: Returning from the East train arriving on station. Crowd welcomes the first 15 returning from the East. Returning on train window get flowers. (14 civilians and 1 prisoner of war). Sick is carried from the train.
(19 m) 06. Barcelona: Wagner Festival car driveway before the Opera. Graphs and a Bayreuth performance the same.
(15 m) 7th Graz: spring jump device as body training jump up people on high stilts with spring installation.
(18 m) 08 Hamburg: Cossack Equestrian Games in Planten un Blomen are riders on galloping horses. Lance Pierce. Acrobatics on galloping horses. Ride through fire. Pyramid on horseback.
(25 m) 09 road safety weeks 1955 COP sticks poster in mind longer life. Policeman regulates traffic. Günter Beyer runs zigzagging across the street. Traffic: Wait. Jumping back before car travelling by. Stop stop. Keep car cooler from the front. Police vehicles. Sound trucks of the transportation departments. Children's traffic instruction. Boys get bicycle pennants. Students pilotage in Düsseldorf. Police officers distribute handouts with advice. Young woman running with cardboard boxes on the street. Fall packages. Policeman helps pick up. Traffic light go. People go over walkway. Poster: He lurks - death advocating accomplices-his victims. Annual statistics of accidents with black flag.
(53 m) 10 Brescia: car racing Mercedes in the race with Kling and Stirling Moss. Kling comes with his car skidding and going against the tree. Car wreck Kling injured. Cars in the race. Stirling Moss won with flowers.
(25 m)

Origin / Type of content

Persons in the Film

Adenauer, Konrad ; François-Ponçet, André ; Pieck, Wilhelm ; Pinay, Antoine ; Suhr, Otto ; Schröder, Luise ; Kling, Karl ; Moss, Stirling

Places

Berlin ; East Berlin ; Bonn ; Vienna ; Düsseldorf ; Graz ; Barcelona ; Burep ; Brescia ; Hamburg

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen ; DDR ; Monuments ; Bells ; Border DDR/BRD, borders ; Returnees, evacuees, Outlander ; Children ; Emblems ; Flags ; motor sports ; Musical events ; Posters, fonts, banners ; Political events ; Police ; Horse riding, horse racing (without harness) ; Reviews ; State visits (inside) ; Debris ; Curiosities ; Transport: General ; Buildings ; Trade unions ; 18 finding book world in the picture

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Weekly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Welt im Bild 149/1955

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
04.05.1955
Year of Production:
1955

Credits

Origin:
Title: Review beginning until graves graves to blowing up origin: Archive Trümmerfrau camera: Pahl pinay camera: Stoll, reason 1 may East-camera: Pahl origin: DEFA returnees Vienna origin: Austria Wagner Festival origin: No. do Kangaroo origin: Austria Cossacks camera: Luppa, Seib Verkehrswacht Mille Miglia origin: SEDI final special service weight lifting camera: strong

Technical Data

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75 Years of Berlin’s „Trümmerfrauen“ (June 1, 1945)

When World War II was over Berlin lay in ashes. A high percentage of living space and production facilities had been completely or partially destroyed by the more than 350 air strikes since 1940. Out of the originally 4.3 million residents just over half remain in the city, with barely any men left that are fit for work. Shortly after Berlin’s occupation the Allied Forces oblige all healthy women between the age of 15 and 50 to work. Several thousand women report to remove the giant towers of debris—not because they are eager to rebuild their city but because they have no other choice. In exchange for their hard physical labour they receive better ration cards—meaning larger rations—as well as a very small hourly wage. It’s the only way to make ends meet for them and their families.

Clearing the rubble comes with a lot of stigma. During the war it was concentration camp prisoners and prisoners of war who were forced to clear the debris, and after Germany capitulated German soldiers and members of the NSDAP were deployed for penal labour. To counteract the negative image and to win over more unemployed persons a media campaign is launched to create a positive image of the „Trümmerfrauen“ („rubble women“) and to also disseminate the term, which was probably born on the street. The photos used in this campaign are often staged.

With the decade coming to a close more and more skilled personnel and machines assume the debris removal and female „unskilled workers“ are no longer needed. In the GDR they are hailed as role models for socialist women but in West Berlin and the FRG they are quickly forgotten. It’s the feminist movement that would eventually raise the issue, which then also becomes a subject of pension policy. As a result all women, who led a hard life during the post war era are hailed as „Trümmerfrauen“ and given mythic status. But in reality the Trümmerfrauen were just a phenomenon in Berlin and the Soviet occupation zone, and even there they only accounted for a small portion of working women.

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