Welt im Bild 172/1955 12.10.1955

Synopsis

01 return of POWs breakdown from new German newsreels 298 / 1: train in the station of Herleshausen is. Red Cross Sisters provide the soldiers with food and drinks. Flowers are given. People on the street and at the Windows in Eschwege. Continue on the bus to Friedland. The camp Bell. Crowd waving the returning against. Carried signs with pictures of missing persons. Joy and hugs, silent mourning when others in the faces. Vice Chancellor Blücher speaks at ceremony. Interview: "the emblematic at this hour, that gives us hope for a good German future, thats I can welcome you here on behalf of the entire German people. We know your inner power, we know that you get them. We ask you that you carry on the spirit of camaraderie as a teacher of the small communities in which they live, in our people." Pan across the faces of the audience. Close-ups of the faces of the prisoners of war. Returnees speaks interview: "we are with pounding heart and tear-filled eyes in front of you. We don't be ashamed this tears. We have ten years not cried, not once, we also cry about it that is a former time behind us, we cry about it there so A lot of love and so A lot of loyalty, as we were experiencing today. Today when I as Commissioner of the 600 soldiers, which as last return from the great war, to speak in front of you, then this is the greatest honor for me, because these men who stand before you, have male bear a grave injustice." All pray the Lord's prayer with Bishop Lilje. All sing the Chorale "Now thank we all our God". Close-ups.
(131 m) 02. New York: France leaves the UN session due to Morocco after the decision of the UN General Assembly to put the Algeria issue on the agenda, the French Foreign Minister Pinay leaves the Hall with the French delegation.
(21 m) 03. Morocco: Fierce fighting in the French colony of gunfire. Tanks in use. Indigenous peoples arise. Dead and wounded carried on stretchers.

04. Greece: Prime Minister Marshal of Alexander Papagos + state funeral for Marshal of Papagos. Coffin will be driven on carriage. Funeral procession.
(11 m) 05. Berlin: first air travel with 106 years ago 106 years old lady goes to the arm of her 73jährigen daughter by people trellis. Supported it goes up stairs and waving flowers at the door of the aircraft. Home to the flight to Hanover. Old man on the plane. Welcome drink upon arrival in Hannover.
(23 m) 06. Hamburg: Paris fashion in the Atlantic Hotel Atlantic. Atlantic Bellboy bow upon arrival of Pierre Balmain and his mannequins. Arrival of Miss Germany Margit n.. Fashion show on the catwalk. Elegant clothes of the style of Jolie Madame with widely swinging skirts, evening dresses from precious fabrics and gown.
(38 m) 07. Paris: Horse racing Arc de Triomphe elegant women on the Racecourse. Racy horses in the lead ring. Start of the race. Horses in the arc and in the HomeStretch. Ribot sits at the top and WINS with 3 lengths ahead.
(29 m) 08 Hamburg: Städtekampf of Hamburg - Warsaw 5:15 box amateur flyweight: Henryk Kukier defeated Heinz Pudwell points. Hard fight leads to Kukier point victory. Heavyweight: Walter defeated Wegrzyniak. Gong beat. Westphal is superior boxing. Wegrzyniak posted kneels in the ring and is reeling in his corner. Referee counts. Wegrzyniak turns back to the fight. Westphal boxes hasty and WINS on points as the only German winner.
(40 m)

Origin / Type of content

Narration

Persons in the Film

Balmain, Pierre ; Blücher, Franz ; Lilje ; Nünke, Margit ; Papagos, Alexander ; Pinay, Antoine ; Rißmann, Luise ; Kukier, Henryk ; Pudwell, Heinz ; Wegrzyniak ; Westphal, Albert

Places

Hamburg ; Berlin ; Friedland ; Greece ; New York ; Morocco ; Paris

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Boxes ; Returnees, evacuees, Outlander ; Horse riding, horse racing (without harness) ; Sports details, fouls ; sports audience, sports spectator ; Deaths, funerals ; UN ; Unrest ; War, prisoners of war ; hotspots ; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen ; Fashion ; Buildings ; 18 finding book world in the picture

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Weekly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Welt im Bild 172/1955

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
12.10.1955
Year of Production:
1955

Credits

Origin:
Title: Returnees camera: Stoll, reason, strong UN unrest Papagos + origin: Gaumont 106-jährige flying camera: Pahl Paris fashion stores in Hamburg camera: Basic, rabanus sports Arc de Triomphe horse racing origin: Gaumont, Pathé journal boxes: Warsaw-Hamburg camera: reason, rabanus final

Technical Data

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75 Years of Transit Camp Friedland (September 20, 1945)

Friedland is known worldwide as the „gate to freedom.“ No other place in the Federal Republic of Germany is connected to refugees, expellees, displaced persons and returning soldiers like this municipality in Lower Saxony. More than four millions people have come to Germany through here.

The British military government founds the establishment in light of the massive migration after the end of World War II. Situated on the premises of the agricultural research institute of the University Goettingen that had been moved to Friedland, it was meant to collect the data of arriving people and ensure that their transfer was regulated and coordinated. The location was crucial for the selection of the site: the borders of the Soviet, British and US-American occupation zones meet here and it is on the important rail route Hannover--Kassel. 

On September 20, 1945 the reception camp begins operation. The first arrivals are mostly refugees, expellees and displaced persons from the former German territories, but also war evacuees and POW who were released from Western Allies prisons. By the end of the year 500,000 people travel through Friedland, where they receive the important registration license, which they need to apply for new papers and be allotted work, dwelling and ration cards. By the mid-1950s Friedland takes centre stage for “return of the ten-thousand”, the arrival of the last German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union. In 1950 the “Operation Link” begins with intake of ethnic German emigrants from Eastern Europe. After the fall of the iron curtain many Jewish immigrants from the former USSR come to Friedland. Then there are many international refugees who arrive at the transit camp: from the Hungarian people’s uprising in 1956, to the coup against Allende’s democratic government in Chile in 1974 or the “Boat People” from Vietnam in the late 1970s. Now many refugees are taken care of as part of the UNHCR resettlement program.  Friedland is also the reception centre for asylum seekers in Lower Saxony. There were moments during the refugee crisis when it was critically overcrowded. Last year almost 13,000 people stayed here temporarily.

Since 2016 a museum researches and presents the transit camp’s history in the building of a former train station. 

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