Welt im Film 4/1945 08.06.1945
01 after the war Bremen: town image in tatters. Damaged ships in the harbour. The Europe bombs damaged at the wharf.
La Rochelle: People cheering: returning soldiers are jubilantly welcomed. German prisoners of war and traitor of his country.
Submarine base St. Nazaire: damaged station and strafe. Roadblocks. Sunken ships in the harbour. German prisoners of war.
Dunkirk: Mines warning sign. Debris. Red Cross to submarine bunkers to camouflage.
Channel: German mine following in the channel will be asked to surrender. Transfer of material and weapons. The British flag is flown. German General goes aboard the British ship in captivity.
02. military block in Germany Wingeshausen: US soldiers check the identity cards of people. House searches. Soldier digs in the garden for hidden weapons. Announcement of curfew. Faces of people, great. Printing company. Under control of the military Government, news sheet is printed. Information bulletin is distributed. Scrum before printing. People read newsletter. Scrum before newspaper car.
03. pipe under water: South East England pumping stations for fuel in simple houses. Pipe is provided with lead cable. Installation of the tubing in the channel. Cable is pulled on the French coast on land. Flexible steel cable. Elasticity test with cable. Aircraft and vehicles of the allies in France. Fuel supply in the war was assured.
04. camera Rundschau Rothenburg cityscape Rothenburg ob der Tauber without destruction. U.S. soldiers in the city. Soldier front image store. The Town Hall. Jeep on the street. The White Tower, bombengeschädigt. The Markus tower gate, undamaged. Old city walls, long shot.
05. the battle in Okinawa flamethrower. Impacts. Gunfire. U.S. troops in the advance. Tank. Natives in the front line. Soldier carries the child. Wounded carried on medical plane. Japanese crawling from cave.
Naval Battle: Japanese aircraft attack U.S. ships. Bombing. Shooting down of an airplane. Air full of missile explosions. Water fountains by impacts. Plane lands US on ship. Hunter ends up in the sea. Crash landing on carriers. Burning plane.
06. three Nations celebrate the victory of Neustadt: former Russian foreign workers celebrate may 1. Onslaught. Russian soldiers give US flowers. Distribution of chocolate to children.
Kaiserslautern: Russians move in May. Child with three red flags. U.S. officers at the May Day celebrations. Russians dance.
Translated by Microsoft Translator
Welt im Film 4/1945
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100 Years of Observing May 1st as a Holiday (May 1, 1919)
Today countries all over the world observe May First as an official holiday (“Labour Day” or “International Workers Day”). It all goes back to events that occurred in the year 1886. Dozens of people were killed in Chicago while they were peacefully striking for the reduction of their 12-hour to an 8-hour work day. During the first congress of the Second International three years later it was decided to observe May 1 as a “day of struggle” to commemorate the Chicago victims from what became known as “Haymarket Riot” or “Haymarket Massacre”. Since then it has been celebrated with rallies all over the world.
In the aftermath of the German November Revolution of 1918 the demand for an 8-hour day is finally fulfilled and May First is declared an official holiday for the very first time. The National Socialists co-opt the holiday for their own purpose as a “National Holiday of the German People”, and in the course of crushing the trade unions they strip the holiday off its labour aspect and instead present it as an allegedly Germanic tradition to welcome spring.
Shortly before World War II comes to an end in Germany, Soviet forced labourers and allied soldiers celebrate liberation on May first. In the meantime, Stalin has invited American, British and French officers to attend the big May Day parade in Moscow. The Allied Control Council confirms it an official holiday one year later. In the Federal Republic of Germany “Labour Day” is mostly organized by the German Federation of Trade Unions and is a mix of political rallies and cultural festivities. In the German Democratic Republic, on the other hand, the holiday is turned into a government organized compulsory event, an occasion to proclaim the increase of productivity, and until the late 1970s May first always comes with a big military parade, following the example of their Soviet role model.
Today the struggle for social and political rights has become secondary. May First has taken on the character of a “Volksfest”—a fair for the people.
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