Welt im Film 9/1945 13.07.1945


01 may parade in Moscow of red square. Shield, large, 1 may, and flags. Pictures of Stalin and Lenin. American, British and French officers as guests. Marshal Stalin, Marshal Breschilow, and President (?) come and go in the stands. Tower with a clock that shows "10 o'clock". Took. Stalin greets. Marching band, troops and sailors. Insertion of spectators. Tanks in formation, a tank with a red flag, SUVs. View from above on the red square.
(78 m) 02-secret weapons of war are shown helicopter fly over the landscape. Helicopters alone, big. Soldier goes without landing. Camera runs on a car. Great shots of helicopter flying and turning. Super bomb will be transported to the aircraft and secured with special device under the plane. Plane taking off. Record flying from below with bomb. Bomb is notched out and falls. Explosion on the ground. Destroyed bridge, Bielefeld. Railway bridge, viaduct of Bielefeld.
(71 m) 03. The millionth prisoner returns home moves aircraft on the airfield. A band plays. A soldier gets out of the plane. Flag of the allies. Soldier salute with hand of hat and walks to the open car. With bouquet ride through the streets. Large French flag on the car. People wave.
(38 m) 04 food for Holland American ship in the port of Rotterdam. Dock workers at the wharf. Equip. Waving of sailors to the land. Unload with cranes and workers chain. Loaves of bread are brought port workers at a table. Food on the road. People eat from pots. Human snake faces business. American car brings food. Children prior to the showcase, seen from the inside. Scaled-down people. Outside front of a hospital. People starved in the ward beds. A dead emaciated to the skeleton.
(59 m) 05. The village of Oradour debris. A delegation passes through the streets to the Church. Crowd. Weeping women in mourning clothes. Surviving child. Sign "Oradour".
(25 m) 06. reconstruction of war damage Trümmerstraßen. Water truck. Large milk jug in the running water. People with buckets of water. Work on the pipeline. Broaching machine removes debris from the streets. Sign "Water 1/2 8-20 Uhr". Crane. Repair a bridge, steel girders are placed. American officer advises sitting with the men around the table. Valuables in sacks are filled, salvaged from damaged Bank building. Military Court: Judges and assessors examine a gun. Audience and defender. Defendant will be interrogated before the judges table, next to him is the interpreter. American judge.
(85 m) 07 Beethoven collection returns to Bonn back from a rock cellar boxes are worn. Piano is lifted onto a lorry. A restored bridge drive trucks to Bonn. "In this House, Ludwig van Beethoven was born on December 17, 1770." sign, large, Truck is unloaded.
(44 m) 08. Civilian fleet in Gotha of old DKW car. Driver is controlled. Auto repair shop. A wheel is mounted off a truck. Tankwartin fills tank cars are labeled "Civilian Vehicles". Sister boards with red cross arm band car. Milk jugs are driven. Vegetables will be dumped. Horse-drawn carriage. Truck with sacks.
(44 m) 09 March in Okinawa map of Japan and Okinawa. Theater of war. Impacts of grenades. Soldiers load gun. Soldier with headphones, another with binoculars. A hill is stormed. Slow rise through swampy terrain. Car drive through a flooded area. Soldiers in coverage. Approach of the troops. Wounded are supplied.
(87 m)


Persons in the Film

Lenin, Wladimir; Stalin, Josef


Cologne; Bonn; Gotha; England; Holland; France; Oradour; Rotterdam; Okinawa; Moskau


Sachindex Wochenschauen; Banking, banking; Bombs; Misery; Justice; Children; Flags; Musical events; Parades; Shipping; Cities; Debris; Buildings; automotive engineering, automotive; War, prisoners of war; Art; Works of art; maps; Curfew; People; Weapons; Water; water emergency; Welfare, aid agencies, care; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen; Jobs; Construction; Anniversaries, Jubilees, birthdays; finance; aftermath of war


Newsreel (G)



Translated by Microsoft Translator


Welt im Film 9/1945

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100 Years of Observing May 1st as a Holiday (May 1, 1919)

Today countries all over the world observe May First as an official holiday (“Labour Day” or “International Workers Day”). It all goes back to events that occurred in the year 1886. Dozens of people were killed in Chicago while they were peacefully striking for the reduction of their 12-hour to an 8-hour work day. During the first congress of the Second International three years later it was decided to observe May 1 as a “day of struggle” to commemorate the Chicago victims from what became known as “Haymarket Riot” or “Haymarket Massacre”. Since then it has been celebrated with rallies all over the world. 

In the aftermath of the German November Revolution of 1918 the demand for an 8-hour day is finally fulfilled and May First is declared an official holiday for the very first time. The National Socialists co-opt the holiday for their own purpose as a “National Holiday of the German People”, and in the course of crushing the trade unions they strip the holiday off its labour aspect and instead present it as an allegedly Germanic tradition to welcome spring. 

Shortly before World War II comes to an end in Germany, Soviet forced labourers and allied soldiers celebrate liberation on May first. In the meantime, Stalin has invited American, British and French officers to attend the big May Day parade in Moscow. The Allied Control Council confirms it an official holiday one year later. In the Federal Republic of Germany “Labour Day” is mostly organized by the German Federation of Trade Unions and is a mix of political rallies and cultural festivities. In the German Democratic Republic, on the other hand, the holiday is turned into a government organized compulsory event, an occasion to proclaim the increase of productivity, and until the late 1970s May first always comes with a big military parade, following the example of their Soviet role model.

Today the struggle for social and political rights has become secondary. May First has taken on the character of a “Volksfest”—a fair for the people.


More video clips on this subject

  • Welt im Film 4/1945

  • Welt im Film 9/1945

  • Welt im Film 51/1946

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 14/1950

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 117/1952

  • Welt im Bild 97/1954

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 328/1956

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 379/1957

  • UFA-Wochenschau 93/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 250/1961

  • Deutschlandspiegel 92/1962

  • Die Zeit unter der Lupe 745/1964

  • UFA-Dabei 614/1968

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