Welt im Film 33/1945 28.12.1945
01. Rio de Janeiro - the turnaround in Brazil Rio de Janeiro. District, streetscapes, half total. Newspapers at a newspaper kiosk, half total. Tanks in the streets, half total. The governement, half total. The provisional new Prime Minister Linhares reverses and entering the building.
(35 m) 02. resettlement from Czechoslovakia trucks with sacks and emigrants, half total. Men put bread in a wagon, half total. Children, women and an old man get in a wagon, half total.
(24 m) 03 Marseille - bike race with obstacles start to a cyclo-cross races, half total. Ride the cyclists through rainy streets, falls. The driver their wheels carry up a mountain, total. The winner travels through the target, totally.
(33 m) 04. America - breakfast under the water table under water. Tower jumper jump, totally, and sit under water at the table. A man breaks down a goose, half total. A woman eating poultry, large. A man smokes great. The guests chatting half total. The table empty eaten with fish, total.
(32 m) 5th Lauenburg - 20 million matches on the day logs, half total. A wooden stem turns into a machine, half total. The wood runs in bands from the machine, half total, machine with split matches, machine appears in Zündmasse matches, half total. Sticks in the machine, great. Filling in boxes mechanical, half total. The boxes get half total, friction surfaces. Workers Pack boxes, half total. Matchboxes, great. Hand lit match, great.
(59 m) 06. sing the Vienna Boys Choir "Ave verum" Vienna - St. Stephen's Cathedral. St. Stephen's Cathedral with destruction, large, partial views outside and inside, the Cathedral in the city. The towers of the Cathedral, half total.
(58 m) 7th United States - guided shoot - disc working on making model airplanes, half total. Start the model aircraft with catapult, half total. Attack of aircraft, half total. The shooters to MG, great. The hit plane glides to parachute to the ground, totally. Men get the parachute, half total. Damage caused to the aircraft wings, half total.
(42 m) 8th Berlin images the Russian War Memorial in West Berlin, total. Allied troops during the opening half total. Russian troops parading half total. Marshal Zhukov, big, greeting. Parade of British troops, half total. Inscription of the monument of 1941-1945, half total. Swivel on rings at the foot of the monument. Trümmerstraßen. Debris clean-up work, total women. A man in the paving of the street, half total. Entrance of cinemas showing the film Große Freiheit Nr 7 line at the box office, total. Stilts cyclist rides through the street, totally. A woman takes firewood by the windowsill, half total, and heats the old-fashioned stove in a kitchen Very much primitive.
(49 m) 9 new from Japan destroyed Japanese ships and wrecks, some large. Demolition of Japanese tanks, half totally blurry. Process on the island of Obi against the previous Prime Minister Tojo. Tojo big and at dinner. American soldiers dig in the Earth and open trapdoor, half total. The soldiers carry out silver bullion left the underground, half total. The silver bars stacked up, great. The bars are awesome, totally.
(49 m) 10 prisoners of war in United States - retraining before returning home lessons of war prisoners, half total. After completion of the course, the prisoners receive a diploma half total.
(28 m) 11 London - NS trophies under the hammer auction of the inventory of the German Embassy. Close-ups of ornate vases, plates and cups. Furniture, Chair, an ornate clock, chandeliers, a waste machine, the files destroyed II Gala Halstead, swastika and Hitler bust, great. Between shots of the auctioneer and the audience, totally.
Persons in the Film
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Monuments ; Hands ; Industry ; Justice ; photojournalist ; Emblems ; Flags ; filmmaking ; Women, mothers ; Musical events ; Parades ; Cycling ; Advertising ; Shipping ; Schools, training ; Sensations ; Blasting ; Cities ; Debris ; Cooking ; Unrest ; Buildings ; War, prisoners of war ; war crimes, war crimes ; Art ; Works of art ; Weapons ; Water ; water emergency ; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen ; Construction ; Auctions ; Gastronomy ; Industrial ; aftermath of war
Translated by Microsoft Translator
Welt im Film 33/1945
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75 Years of Berlin’s „Trümmerfrauen“ (June 1, 1945)
When World War II was over Berlin lay in ashes. A high percentage of living space and production facilities had been completely or partially destroyed by the more than 350 air strikes since 1940. Out of the originally 4.3 million residents just over half remain in the city, with barely any men left that are fit for work. Shortly after Berlin’s occupation the Allied Forces oblige all healthy women between the age of 15 and 50 to work. Several thousand women report to remove the giant towers of debris—not because they are eager to rebuild their city but because they have no other choice. In exchange for their hard physical labour they receive better ration cards—meaning larger rations—as well as a very small hourly wage. It’s the only way to make ends meet for them and their families.
Clearing the rubble comes with a lot of stigma. During the war it was concentration camp prisoners and prisoners of war who were forced to clear the debris, and after Germany capitulated German soldiers and members of the NSDAP were deployed for penal labour. To counteract the negative image and to win over more unemployed persons a media campaign is launched to create a positive image of the „Trümmerfrauen“ („rubble women“) and to also disseminate the term, which was probably born on the street. The photos used in this campaign are often staged.
With the decade coming to a close more and more skilled personnel and machines assume the debris removal and female „unskilled workers“ are no longer needed. In the GDR they are hailed as role models for socialist women but in West Berlin and the FRG they are quickly forgotten. It’s the feminist movement that would eventually raise the issue, which then also becomes a subject of pension policy. As a result all women, who led a hard life during the post war era are hailed as „Trümmerfrauen“ and given mythic status. But in reality the Trümmerfrauen were just a phenomenon in Berlin and the Soviet occupation zone, and even there they only accounted for a small portion of working women.