Welt im Film 33/1945 28.12.1945

Synopsis

01. Rio de Janeiro - the turnaround in Brazil Rio de Janeiro. District, streetscapes, half total. Newspapers at a newspaper kiosk, half total. Tanks in the streets, half total. The governement, half total. The provisional new Prime Minister Linhares reverses and entering the building.
(35 m) 02. resettlement from Czechoslovakia trucks with sacks and emigrants, half total. Men put bread in a wagon, half total. Children, women and an old man get in a wagon, half total.
(24 m) 03 Marseille - bike race with obstacles start to a cyclo-cross races, half total. Ride the cyclists through rainy streets, falls. The driver their wheels carry up a mountain, total. The winner travels through the target, totally.
(33 m) 04. America - breakfast under the water table under water. Tower jumper jump, totally, and sit under water at the table. A man breaks down a goose, half total. A woman eating poultry, large. A man smokes great. The guests chatting half total. The table empty eaten with fish, total.
(32 m) 5th Lauenburg - 20 million matches on the day logs, half total. A wooden stem turns into a machine, half total. The wood runs in bands from the machine, half total, machine with split matches, machine appears in Zündmasse matches, half total. Sticks in the machine, great. Filling in boxes mechanical, half total. The boxes get half total, friction surfaces. Workers Pack boxes, half total. Matchboxes, great. Hand lit match, great.
(59 m) 06. sing the Vienna Boys Choir "Ave verum" Vienna - St. Stephen's Cathedral. St. Stephen's Cathedral with destruction, large, partial views outside and inside, the Cathedral in the city. The towers of the Cathedral, half total.
(58 m) 7th United States - guided shoot - disc working on making model airplanes, half total. Start the model aircraft with catapult, half total. Attack of aircraft, half total. The shooters to MG, great. The hit plane glides to parachute to the ground, totally. Men get the parachute, half total. Damage caused to the aircraft wings, half total.
(42 m) 8th Berlin images the Russian War Memorial in West Berlin, total. Allied troops during the opening half total. Russian troops parading half total. Marshal Zhukov, big, greeting. Parade of British troops, half total. Inscription of the monument of 1941-1945, half total. Swivel on rings at the foot of the monument. Trümmerstraßen. Debris clean-up work, total women. A man in the paving of the street, half total. Entrance of cinemas showing the film Große Freiheit Nr 7 line at the box office, total. Stilts cyclist rides through the street, totally. A woman takes firewood by the windowsill, half total, and heats the old-fashioned stove in a kitchen Very much primitive.
(49 m) 9 new from Japan destroyed Japanese ships and wrecks, some large. Demolition of Japanese tanks, half totally blurry. Process on the island of Obi against the previous Prime Minister Tojo. Tojo big and at dinner. American soldiers dig in the Earth and open trapdoor, half total. The soldiers carry out silver bullion left the underground, half total. The silver bars stacked up, great. The bars are awesome, totally.
(49 m) 10 prisoners of war in United States - retraining before returning home lessons of war prisoners, half total. After completion of the course, the prisoners receive a diploma half total.
(28 m) 11 London - NS trophies under the hammer auction of the inventory of the German Embassy. Close-ups of ornate vases, plates and cups. Furniture, Chair, an ornate clock, chandeliers, a waste machine, the files destroyed II Gala Halstead, swastika and Hitler bust, great. Between shots of the auctioneer and the audience, totally.
(51 m)

Narration (English)

Persons in the Film

Linhares ; Schukow, Grigori ; Tojo

Places

Marseille ; Berlin ; London ; Vienna ; United States ; Lauenburg ; Island Obi ; Island ; Japan ; Rio de Janeiro ; Czechoslovakia

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Monuments ; Hands ; Industry ; Justice ; photojournalist ; Emblems ; Flags ; filmmaking ; Women, mothers ; Musical events ; Parades ; Cycling ; Advertising ; Shipping ; Schools, training ; Sensations ; Blasting ; Cities ; Debris ; Cooking ; Unrest ; Buildings ; War, prisoners of war ; war crimes, war crimes ; Art ; Works of art ; Weapons ; Water ; water emergency ; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen ; Construction ; Auctions ; Gastronomy ; Industrial ; aftermath of war

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Periodicals

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Welt im Film 33/1945

Country of Origin:
Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
28.12.1945
Year of Production:
1945

Credits

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Allied Control Council Approves Plan to Relocate Germans (November 20th, 1945)

At the Potsdam Conference in the summer of 1945 the three main allies temporarily accept the borders in Eastern Europe including the westward shift of Poland. At the same time they decide the “orderly and humane transfer” of the Ethnic German population remaining beyond the Oder-Neisse-line, in Sudetenland and in the Hungarian territories.

On November 20th, 1945, the Allied Control Council confirms the collective relocation of 6.65 million Germans, 3.5 of them in Poland and 3.15 in Czechoslovakia and Hungary. The operation is supposed to begin the following month and be completed by July 1946.

This population transfer is a contentious issue among the victorious allied powers but in the end it is considered a legitimate means in liberating Europe once and for all from “conflicts and crises caused by ethnic minorities”, a means that would hopefully be conducive towards the goal of a stable peace.

The endeavour is also driven by the desire to get back at the Germans for the crimes committed by the National Socialists. Another justification is that the Germans themselves were to blame for the original relocation.  

The resolutions are also useful to legitimize the “wild expulsions” from Poland and Czechoslovakia that had begun when the war ended in May of 1945, as a foretaste of what was expected to happen at the Potsdam Conference.  Hundreds of thousands of ethnic German had been expelled by the police and the military. Numerous violent acts occurred, thousands of expellees perished, primarily during the gruelling marches.

The “orderly expulsion” that had been decided in Potsdam begins early 1946 and would last until 1950. Not surprisingly, the whole procedure was neither humane nor orderly. About 12-14 million Germans lose their homes due to flight and expulsion in the post-war years, at least 500,000 people lose their lives. A third of the expellees are resettled in the Soviet occupation zone, which would later become the GDR, where about 25 percent of the total population is made up of so-called migrants. 8 million forced migrants end up in the Western zones, i.e. the future FRG, most of them in the American occupation zone.

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