Welt im Film 43/1946 15.03.1946
01 to the future of the returning around a table sitting former prisoners of war (half total) and discuss other issues.
(22 m 2) earthquake in Algiers landscape behind large cacti in the foreground. Debris from buildings by earthquake (half total). Dead horse (total). Natives in tents (half total). Indigenous faces (large). A nurse connects the arm of a man (half total). Output of food products (total).
(26 m) 03 sports (50 m) a. winter sports championships of the American crew Lieutenant-General Truscott throws a ball in the field for the opening of an ice hockey game between two teams of the American armed forces (total). Downhill skiing (total). Four-man event (total). Winter sports training of the American soldiers.
(19 m) b. rugby Scotland - Wales 25:6 Rugby match: Scotland - Wales (total). Some gameplay footage, not close. Outcome 25:6 for Scotland.
(16 m) c. heavyweight boxer Billy Conn and Joe Louis training Boxer Billy Conn during the training. Exercises (total). Billy Conn on the bag and in the steam bath (half total). The boxer Joe Louis (large) in the cones (half total). The cones fall over.
(15 m) 4 women help build lessons on the Blackboard (total). A teacher shows construction of the cross Association (total). The listeners are rubble women (half). A Mason throws up a brick and it begins again (half-total). The women do it. A stone falls on the foot (half total). Women in the walls (half total and large). Break with drinking beer out of the bottle (half total).
(32 m) 05. consecration of the Cardinals (total) photographed from above catchment of the Cardinals in St. Peter's Church. Pope Pius is carried in on his throne (total). Pius is (total) to the throne in the Church. Pope Pius blessing (half-total). The Cardinals are on the Earth (total). (Total) kissing the feet and the ring of the Pope and a cardinal receives the cardinal hat. Excerpt of the Pope and the Cardinals (total).
(40 m) 06. Technology helps drive war Kriegsbeschädigten in a wheelchair through a door, which automatically opens (total). Training room (total) for watchmakers. Close-ups of the smallest watch parts. Prosthesis workshop (half total). Leg prosthesis (total). The Kriegsbeschädigten learn the handling of the dentures. You go on increase (total), cycling and dancing with the sisters.
(42 m) 7th Shanghai celebrates Shanghai cityscape again. Busy roads (total). Victims of skidding in the temples (half total). Old dances and sword dance (total). Chinese roads (total). Baking pancakes on the road (half total). Rickshaw race through the streets (total). The winner will receive a wreath.
(28 m) 8th Nuremberg and Mauthausen the dock (total). The American Chief Prosecutor Jackson on the lectern (total), pan across the dock. (O-ton - Jackson) See German text, the text documents. The concentration camp overseer of Mauthausen standing in Dachau trial (half total). An American, (total), reads the indictment. The defendants get the font (half total). The defendant must submit their laces and Suspenders (half total). The Gauleiter of Oberdonau Gruber, the head of the security service of Krahn, SS camp physician Kris railway, all alone in the image.
(75 m) 9 industry under construction - VW factory in Fallersleben bodies under construction in the Volkswagen works in Fallersleben (half total). Workers at the VW production (half total). Engines, tires, body, control. Exit the finished VW's (total).
Persons in the Film
Sachindex Wochenschauen; Bobsleigh; Boxes; Returnees, evacuees, Outlander; Industry; Justice; Disasters; Women, mothers; Religious events; Rugby; Schools, training; Ski, skiing, ski jumping; Cities; Dance; concentration camp; automotive industry; Second, disabled; war crimes, war crimes; People; festivals; Winter; Hockey; Construction; Industrial; aftermath of war
Translated by Microsoft Translator
Welt im Film 43/1946
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75 Years of Berlin’s „Trümmerfrauen“ (June 1, 1945)
When World War II was over Berlin lay in ashes. A high percentage of living space and production facilities had been completely or partially destroyed by the more than 350 air strikes since 1940. Out of the originally 4.3 million residents just over half remain in the city, with barely any men left that are fit for work. Shortly after Berlin’s occupation the Allied Forces oblige all healthy women between the age of 15 and 50 to work. Several thousand women report to remove the giant towers of debris—not because they are eager to rebuild their city but because they have no other choice. In exchange for their hard physical labour they receive better ration cards—meaning larger rations—as well as a very small hourly wage. It’s the only way to make ends meet for them and their families.
Clearing the rubble comes with a lot of stigma. During the war it was concentration camp prisoners and prisoners of war who were forced to clear the debris, and after Germany capitulated German soldiers and members of the NSDAP were deployed for penal labour. To counteract the negative image and to win over more unemployed persons a media campaign is launched to create a positive image of the „Trümmerfrauen“ („rubble women“) and to also disseminate the term, which was probably born on the street. The photos used in this campaign are often staged.
With the decade coming to a close more and more skilled personnel and machines assume the debris removal and female „unskilled workers“ are no longer needed. In the GDR they are hailed as role models for socialist women but in West Berlin and the FRG they are quickly forgotten. It’s the feminist movement that would eventually raise the issue, which then also becomes a subject of pension policy. As a result all women, who led a hard life during the post war era are hailed as „Trümmerfrauen“ and given mythic status. But in reality the Trümmerfrauen were just a phenomenon in Berlin and the Soviet occupation zone, and even there they only accounted for a small portion of working women.