Welt im Film 63/1946 07.08.1946

Synopsis

01 La Guardia in Munich: leaking aircraft on the airfield. La Guardia, Director-General of UNRRA, comes down the stairs and is accompanied by American officers from the airport. He gets in a car. The car drives. La Guardia before the "Haus der Kunst", half-close. Drive through Munich, shield "Displaced Persons". Funk barracks. La Guardia talking to children of deportees. He strokes a boy about the hair. Close-up of La Guardia.
(32 m) 2 Manila: the Philippines independence crowd, totally. Manuel Roxas, President of the new State, sitting, half-close. General Mac Arthur speaks, total. The Chief Representative who speaks United States MC Nutt, totally original sound. The Philippine flag goes up on the mast. Marching troops.
(32 m) 03 Hamburg: Landahl Senator of the school talks about trip to England Lacy, totally in the circle of students. Lacy speaks, half close interview: "we talked about teachers, scientists, students and students during our three-week stay in England. We talked with Ministers, parliamentarians, senior officials but also with workers and housewives." Student: "could you determine which attitudes of Germany?" "Anywhere we met a hostile or even negative attitude. On the contrary, interested in everything about us, was unexpectedly large. "How it looks today in Germany?' was the question, and everyone wanted to help." Student: "had You too the opportunity to seek out German prisoner-of-war camp?" "Yes, and I've was pleased to determine in what great mental and physical condition, the men there are." The bearings are well established in every respect,""what we especially miss as Anglicists is an intellectual exchange between Germany and England, at least in the British zone. Is here any prospect?" "A number of British men and women were Right away ready to send English magazines and books to Germany. A correspondence between English and German students and pupils will be all quickly underway. We visited the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. There was general interest in studying in Germany, and I don't think so to say Too much, if I guess that English professors, possibly students after Germany will come in the next few weeks, and that then also German students at English universities can take into next year. Finally, I must tell you the visit we made in England, was encouraging. We found a world without hate, a country without propaganda, a nation where facts, just facts will be settled."
(69 m) 04. Salzburger Festspiele: Helene Thimig arrives with illuminated train lights in platform train. Shield: Arlberg Express. Helene Thimig rises out of the train, half-close. She will be greeted by actors of the Salzburg Festival and receives a bouquet of flowers. Her brothers Hermann Thimig, Hans Thimig, half-close. Ewald Balser, half close, Helene Thimig speaks interview "I can feel only that I am proud to participate in a start, and I hope that it is one."
(28 m) 5th Berlin streiflichter (104 m) a. exchange market at Lichtenberg market of people, totally. People have goods laid out on the floor. People at the exchange of linen and clothes. Police investigate dealer with black material. Quick judge tried black marketeer in the Sofortverfahren. The judges Get up and read the verdict.
(29 m) b. Strandbad Wannsee bathhouse with font "Strandbad Wannsee". People on the way to the beach. Boys go down the embankment. Girl in a bathing suit go to the bathing beach. Crowded 饺子馆 bath. Beach Chair and recliner stand. Lifeguard gets through the mouthpiece. Bathers, total. Little naked girl builds in the sand. Different people on the beach. "Looking for my mother" (25 m) sign c. bicycle tax behind bicycle depends on trailer. Woman sits in the trailer. Leaving cyclists with trailer. Common feet on the pedals. Spinning bicycle tires. Brandenburg Gate, great. The bicycle taxi runs out in front of the Hotel Adlon. The lady gets out, takes cases from supporters and paid the driver.
(20 m) d. reconstruction with elephants rubble women shoveling debris on cars. An elephant pushes the cart with debris with his head. The elephant is a houses walls with his head.
(27 m) 6th meeting in New York: Commission on the control of nuclear - energy Commission for the control of atomic energy. The Commission meets in the Hunter College. Participants upon arrival in the room. The American scientist Bernard M. Baruch, half-close. He reads a speech.
(24 m) 07. England: Jet aircraft Gloster Meteor - over 1000 km/h facing three pilots a jet aircraft, half-close. The 'Gloster Meteor' Jet. The nozzle size. The aircraft is turned on the airfield, total. The rear of the aircraft, large. Launch and flight.
(20 m) 8th Nuremberg trial - closing argument of the prosecutor Robert Jackson, the U.S. Prosecutor in his closing argument, total. The dock, total. By Schierach and von Ribbentrop, half-close. Spear and Hess, half close. Actuality, Jackson: "if we would say from these men, they are not guilty, it would be the same to say, there is what was no, no deads, no crime." The British Prosecutor Sir Hartley Shawcross holds his plea, total. Pan over the dock, half-close. Göring, half close, with the hand on the forehead. O-ton Sir Shawcross. The judges table.
(90 m)

Narration

Narration (English)

Persons in the Film

Balser, Ewald; Baruch, Bernard M.; Hess, Rudolf; Jackson, Robert; Keitel, Wilhelm; Laguardia; Landahl, Heinrich; MacArthur, Douglas; MacNutt; Ribbentrop von, Joachim; Richards, Frieda; Roxas, Manuel; Shawcross, Hartley; Speer, Albert; Schirach von, Baldur; Thimig, Helene; Thimig, Hermann

Places

New York; Berlin; Salzburg; Manila; Munich; England; Hamburg; Nuremberg; Philippines

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen; Railways; close-ups, detail; Trade, finance; Higher education; Justice; Children; Flags; festivals; Women, mothers; Leisure, recreation; Foreign workers; Parades; Political events; Police; exchange market; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside); Black market; Animals (except dogs); Debris; Buildings; war crimes, war crimes; Cultural events; Transport: General; Welfare, aid agencies, care; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen; Astrology; Construction; aftermath of war

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Periodicals

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Welt im Film 63/1946

Country of Origin:
Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
07.08.1946
Year of Production:
1946

Credits

Technical Data

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75 Jahre Berliner Trümmerfrauen (01.06.1945)

Am Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges liegt Berlin in Schutt und Asche. Nach insgesamt mehr als 350 Luftangriffen seit 1940 ist ein großer Teil des Wohnraums und der Produktionsstätten ganz oder teilweise zerstört. Von den einst 4,3 Millionen Einwohnern lebt nur noch eine reichliche Hälfte in der Stadt, arbeitsfähige Männer sind kaum noch darunter. Kurz nach der Einnahme der Stadt werden daher alle gesunden Frauen zwischen 15 und 50 Jahren von den alliierten Besatzungsmächten zum Arbeitseinsatz verpflichtet. Einige Tausend von ihnen melden sich für die Beseitigung der riesigen Trümmermassen, doch selten aus Euphorie für den Wiederaufbau, sondern schlicht aus sozialer Not. Denn für die harte körperliche Arbeit erhalten sie eine bessere Lebensmittelkarte – und damit größere Rationen – sowie ein paar Groschen Stundenlohn. Nur so können sie sich und ihre Familien durchbringen.

Die Tätigkeit gilt zudem als hoch stigmatisiert, wurden während des Krieges doch vor allem KZ-Häftlinge und Kriegsgefangene zur Trümmerräumung gezwungen, nach der Kapitulation dann deutsche Soldaten und NSDAP-Mitglieder für die „Strafarbeit“ eingesetzt. Um dem negativen Image entgegenzuwirken und mehr Arbeitslose zu gewinnen, wird in einer medialen Kampagne daher ein positives Bild der „Trümmerfrauen“ entworfen und der vermutlich auf der Straße entstandene Begriff verbreitet. Die dafür verwendeten Fotos sind oft inszeniert.

Als zunehmend Fachkräfte und Maschinen die Trümmerbeseitigung übernehmen, werden die weiblichen „Bauhilfsarbeiter“ Ende der 1940er nicht mehr gebraucht. Während sie in der DDR fortan zu Ikonen der sozialistischen Frau stilisiert werden, fallen sie in West-Berlin und in der Bundesrepublik schnell in Vergessenheit. Erst im Zuge der Frauenbewegung werden sie wiederentdeckt und in den rentenpolitischen Debatten thematisiert. Dabei werden alle Frauen, die in der Nachkriegszeit ein hartes Leben führten, zu Trümmerfrauen erhoben und zum Mythos verklärt. Tatsächlich waren sie aber vor allem ein Phänomen Berlins sowie der Sowjetischen Besatzungszone und machten selbst dort nur einen geringen Anteil der arbeitenden Frauen aus.

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