Welt im Film 63/1946 07.08.1946
01 La Guardia in Munich: leaking aircraft on the airfield. La Guardia, Director-General of UNRRA, comes down the stairs and is accompanied by American officers from the airport. He gets in a car. The car drives. La Guardia before the "Haus der Kunst", half-close. Drive through Munich, shield "Displaced Persons". Funk barracks. La Guardia talking to children of deportees. He strokes a boy about the hair. Close-up of La Guardia.
(32 m) 2 Manila: the Philippines independence crowd, totally. Manuel Roxas, President of the new State, sitting, half-close. General Mac Arthur speaks, total. The Chief Representative who speaks United States MC Nutt, totally original sound. The Philippine flag goes up on the mast. Marching troops.
(32 m) 03 Hamburg: Landahl Senator of the school talks about trip to England Lacy, totally in the circle of students. Lacy speaks, half close interview: "we talked about teachers, scientists, students and students during our three-week stay in England. We talked with Ministers, parliamentarians, senior officials but also with workers and housewives." Student: "could you determine which attitudes of Germany?" "Anywhere we met a hostile or even negative attitude. On the contrary, interested in everything about us, was unexpectedly large. "How it looks today in Germany?' was the question, and everyone wanted to help." Student: "had You too the opportunity to seek out German prisoner-of-war camp?" "Yes, and I've was pleased to determine in what great mental and physical condition, the men there are." The bearings are well established in every respect,""what we especially miss as Anglicists is an intellectual exchange between Germany and England, at least in the British zone. Is here any prospect?" "A number of British men and women were Right away ready to send English magazines and books to Germany. A correspondence between English and German students and pupils will be all quickly underway. We visited the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. There was general interest in studying in Germany, and I don't think so to say Too much, if I guess that English professors, possibly students after Germany will come in the next few weeks, and that then also German students at English universities can take into next year. Finally, I must tell you the visit we made in England, was encouraging. We found a world without hate, a country without propaganda, a nation where facts, just facts will be settled."
(69 m) 04. Salzburger Festspiele: Helene Thimig arrives with illuminated train lights in platform train. Shield: Arlberg Express. Helene Thimig rises out of the train, half-close. She will be greeted by actors of the Salzburg Festival and receives a bouquet of flowers. Her brothers Hermann Thimig, Hans Thimig, half-close. Ewald Balser, half close, Helene Thimig speaks interview "I can feel only that I am proud to participate in a start, and I hope that it is one."
(28 m) 5th Berlin streiflichter (104 m) a. exchange market at Lichtenberg market of people, totally. People have goods laid out on the floor. People at the exchange of linen and clothes. Police investigate dealer with black material. Quick judge tried black marketeer in the Sofortverfahren. The judges Get up and read the verdict.
(29 m) b. Strandbad Wannsee bathhouse with font "Strandbad Wannsee". People on the way to the beach. Boys go down the embankment. Girl in a bathing suit go to the bathing beach. Crowded 饺子馆 bath. Beach Chair and recliner stand. Lifeguard gets through the mouthpiece. Bathers, total. Little naked girl builds in the sand. Different people on the beach. "Looking for my mother" (25 m) sign c. bicycle tax behind bicycle depends on trailer. Woman sits in the trailer. Leaving cyclists with trailer. Common feet on the pedals. Spinning bicycle tires. Brandenburg Gate, great. The bicycle taxi runs out in front of the Hotel Adlon. The lady gets out, takes cases from supporters and paid the driver.
(20 m) d. reconstruction with elephants rubble women shoveling debris on cars. An elephant pushes the cart with debris with his head. The elephant is a houses walls with his head.
(27 m) 6th meeting in New York: Commission on the control of nuclear - energy Commission for the control of atomic energy. The Commission meets in the Hunter College. Participants upon arrival in the room. The American scientist Bernard M. Baruch, half-close. He reads a speech.
(24 m) 07. England: Jet aircraft Gloster Meteor - over 1000 km/h facing three pilots a jet aircraft, half-close. The 'Gloster Meteor' Jet. The nozzle size. The aircraft is turned on the airfield, total. The rear of the aircraft, large. Launch and flight.
(20 m) 8th Nuremberg trial - closing argument of the prosecutor Robert Jackson, the U.S. Prosecutor in his closing argument, total. The dock, total. By Schierach and von Ribbentrop, half-close. Spear and Hess, half close. Actuality, Jackson: "if we would say from these men, they are not guilty, it would be the same to say, there is what was no, no deads, no crime." The British Prosecutor Sir Hartley Shawcross holds his plea, total. Pan over the dock, half-close. Göring, half close, with the hand on the forehead. O-ton Sir Shawcross. The judges table.
Persons in the Film
Balser, Ewald ; Baruch, Bernard M. ; Hess, Rudolf ; Jackson, Robert ; Keitel, Wilhelm ; Laguardia ; Landahl, Heinrich ; MacArthur, Douglas ; MacNutt ; Ribbentrop von, Joachim ; Richards, Frieda ; Roxas, Manuel ; Shawcross, Hartley ; Speer, Albert ; Schirach von, Baldur ; Thimig, Helene ; Thimig, Hermann
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Railways ; close-ups, detail ; Trade, finance ; Higher education ; Justice ; Children ; Flags ; festivals ; Women, mothers ; Leisure, recreation ; Foreign workers ; Parades ; Political events ; Police ; exchange market ; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside) ; Black market ; Animals (except dogs) ; Debris ; Buildings ; war crimes, war crimes ; Cultural events ; Transport: General ; Welfare, aid agencies, care ; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen ; Astrology ; Construction ; aftermath of war
Translated by Microsoft Translator
Welt im Film 63/1946
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75 Years of Berlin’s „Trümmerfrauen“ (June 1, 1945)
When World War II was over Berlin lay in ashes. A high percentage of living space and production facilities had been completely or partially destroyed by the more than 350 air strikes since 1940. Out of the originally 4.3 million residents just over half remain in the city, with barely any men left that are fit for work. Shortly after Berlin’s occupation the Allied Forces oblige all healthy women between the age of 15 and 50 to work. Several thousand women report to remove the giant towers of debris—not because they are eager to rebuild their city but because they have no other choice. In exchange for their hard physical labour they receive better ration cards—meaning larger rations—as well as a very small hourly wage. It’s the only way to make ends meet for them and their families.
Clearing the rubble comes with a lot of stigma. During the war it was concentration camp prisoners and prisoners of war who were forced to clear the debris, and after Germany capitulated German soldiers and members of the NSDAP were deployed for penal labour. To counteract the negative image and to win over more unemployed persons a media campaign is launched to create a positive image of the „Trümmerfrauen“ („rubble women“) and to also disseminate the term, which was probably born on the street. The photos used in this campaign are often staged.
With the decade coming to a close more and more skilled personnel and machines assume the debris removal and female „unskilled workers“ are no longer needed. In the GDR they are hailed as role models for socialist women but in West Berlin and the FRG they are quickly forgotten. It’s the feminist movement that would eventually raise the issue, which then also becomes a subject of pension policy. As a result all women, who led a hard life during the post war era are hailed as „Trümmerfrauen“ and given mythic status. But in reality the Trümmerfrauen were just a phenomenon in Berlin and the Soviet occupation zone, and even there they only accounted for a small portion of working women.