Welt im Film 71/1946 04.10.1946
01-Nuremberg trials: the judgment façade of the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, close to half. Soldiers on armored car in front of the Justice Palace. Tanks seal off the area around the Palace of Justice. Military police in a moving Jeep. People go through checks at the courthouse. The defendants and the present rise. The judge entered the room. The present contact. The dock, total. Sir Geoffrey Lawrence talks interview. ("Since August 1945...") The defendants, half-close. Guilty verdict for the defendant organizations. Lord Justice Lawrence, close to half of the judges table, the present, the accused. 2 day: The dock, total. Göring, Hess, von Ribbentrop, behind Dönitz, wheels, von Schirach, half-close. The judges of the four Nations in reading the convictions against the individual defendants. Göring, half close, in addition to Hess, with headphones and black glasses. Göring supports the head in his hand. Hess pages in files, half-close. By Ribbentrop, Hess and Keitel, half-close. Keitel besides Kaltenbrunner, half-close. Kaltenbrunner, Keitel and Rosenberg, half-close. Rosenberg, as well as Hans Frank, half-close. Hans Frank, Rosenberg and Wilhelm Frick, half-close. Wilhelm Frick, half-close. Julius Streicher, half-close. Walter Funk, along with Julius Streicher and Hjalmar Schacht, half-close. Hjalmar shaft, in addition to Walter Funk. 2nd row: Dönitz in addition to Erich wheels, half-close. Erich wheels, in addition to Dönitz and Baldur von Schierach, half-close. Baldur by Schierach behind Göring and Hess, half close. Fritz Sauckel, half-close. Jodl, in addition to von Papen, half-close. By Papen, in addition to Arthur Seyss in quart, half-close. Arthur Seyss in Landquart, writing in addition to Albert Speer, half-close. Albert Speer, behind Julius Streicher and Walter Funk, half-close. Konstantin von Neurath in addition to spear and Hans Fritsche, half-close. Hans Fritsche, half-close. Pan across the courtroom. Soldier shuts the door.
Persons in the Film
Dönitz, Karl ; Frank, Hans ; Frick, Wilhelm ; Fritsche, Hans ; Funk, Walther ; Göring, Hermann ; Hess, Rudolf ; Jodl, Alfred ; Kaltenbrunner, Ernst ; Keitel, Wilhelm ; Lawrence ; Neurath von, Konstantin ; Papen von, Franz ; Raeder, Erich ; Ribbentrop von, Joachim ; Rosenberg, Alfred ; Sauckel, Fritz ; Seyss Inquart, Arthur ; Speer, Albert ; Schacht, Hjalmar ; Schirach von, Baldur ; Streicher, Julius
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Welt im Film 71/1946
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The Nuremberg Trials: 75th Anniversary of the Sentencing in the Main War Crimes Trial (September 30-October 1, 1946)
On September 30 and October 1, 1946-- after more than ten months-- the verdicts in the in the first of the Nuremberg Trials were announced. This major war criminals trial was held against the main German war criminals.
Among those in the dock were Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring, Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess, Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz, Armaments Minister Albert Speer, Nazi "chief ideologue" Alfred Rosenberg, the fanatical Jew-hater Julius Streicher, and the "Reich Youth Leader" Baldur von Schirach. Twelve of the defendants were sentenced to death, seven to long or life sentences, and three were acquitted.
The trial took place before an International Military Tribunal and was modelled after American criminal trials. The four-member teams of judges and prosecutors consisted of one representative from each victorious powers: the USA, the USSR, Great Britain and France. All documents and testimony were translated into the four working languages. With 403 public sessions, 240 witnesses heard, 300,000 affidavits submitted, and a 16,000-page transcript of proceedings, this trial was the largest in history at the time and generated enormous media coverage. More than 350 journalists, radio reporters and writers reported around the world, including Ernest Hemingway, Louis Aragon and Willy Brandt.
Until 1949, twelve more trials against doctors, lawyers, industrialists, ministers, diplomats, civil servants, military, police and SS leaders were held in Nuremberg before a U.S. military tribunal. For the first time in history the highest representatives of a state had to stand trial in person for their war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes against peace. The Nuremberg trials thus laid the foundation for a new international criminal law and paved the way for the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda.