Welt im Film 77/1946 15.11.1946
01 streiflichter from Germany (90 m) a. Munich: memorial service for siblings Scholl in the University meeting in the Auditorium, total. Professor Vossler holds (total) speech during the commemorations. Among the audience members of the dead and Prime Minister Dr. Hoegner sit, half close. Minister of culture Dr. Fendt unveiled memorial plaque with the names of the executed, half-close. A woman lays down flowers, half-close.
(19 m) b. British zone: chocolate for schoolchildren from stocks of army workers drive boxes. From trucks, crates are loaded and carried by schoolboys on the shoulder. A boy with the crate on the shoulder comes in the class. Children sit in school. Box will open. Children's faces, great. Teacher hands out chocolate. Kids eat chocolate, great.
(21 m) c. Berlin: paintings - exhibition of French painters swivel about facade of the Berlin Castle. Crew officers go through the exhibition. Different images, large: Henri de Waroquier: 'Chateau Chaumont', Paul Cézanne: the smoker, Renoir: 'Berthe Morisot and daughter' and 'Portrait of a young girl', Manet: 'Beer waitress in Reichshoffen'.
(27 m) d. Stuttgart: football between two German teams US trainer gives final instructions. Football players wear protective pads, great. Football game scenes, close to half and total. Audience.
(23 m) 02 bikini added mushroom cloud. Elevation of the target fleet submarine salvage ship. The submarine surfaced. Investigations on destroyers of the target fleet. Men feel the ships with Geiger counters.
(43 m) 03 late harvest on the Rhine vineyards with wine farmers at harvest, total. Women picking grapes and pour it into baskets, which are worn by men on the back. The men pour the grapes in large pan. The Drosselgasse in Rüdesheim, total. Road sign: "Drosselgasse". The fermentation barrels in the cellar. Experts at a wine tasting. You toast with glasses. Man drinking from a wine glass, great.
(40 m) 04 pictures from all over the world (93 m) a. Seoul: 1st anniversary of liberation from Japanese rule General Hodge, Oberkommandierer of the American armed forces, speaks to half-close. Koreans on a square with banners, totally.
(14 m) b. England: House construction prefabricated workers in the manufacturing and the assembling of standardized components for the construction of the House. Components are driven in trucks to the construction site. Prefabricated house depends on crane. Add together the components for the houses at the site. Man wears table in the House. Woman stands at the window. You brews up coffee. Man, woman and child sitting in front of stove.
(32 m) c. California: duck plague flocks of ducks. Man shoots gun at the edge of the field. Flocks of ducks fly out of the box. Aircraft flies over the field. Ducks fly high.
(16 m) d. Alaska: flyover landscape in Alaska. Cars drive over bridge. River. Fishing on the river. Men during road construction work. Check a vehicle on driving ability of control. Controller driver presented papers. Turnpike goes up. An old-fashioned Ford ride on the road.
(31 m) 5th refugees train arriving at the station, total. Refugee children see from freight wagons. Refugees go from the train station in a long train. The refugees go to a barracks with sign: "Investigative body". The refugees from Czechoslovakia to be registered. The refugees are disinfected with syringe. Kid goes with doll on the arm to the hand of the mother. Catering is issued by switch. Refugee food in wagons. Mother bends over to infant. Moving freight train. Discarded wagons as makeshift apartment. Man sawing wood, total. Refugee camp near Berchtesgaden. Wife's bed, Mrs klöppelt, women sew shoes. Children in the camp school. Small children in the kindergarten. Children riding rocking horse. Men at the joiners. Refugees with suitcases and bags go up stairs to makeshift homes.
Persons in the Film
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Railways ; Misery ; Higher education ; Children ; photojournalist ; fishing ; Refugees ; Football ; Pests and pest control ; Shipping ; Schools, training ; sports audience, sports spectator ; Cities ; Animals (except dogs) ; Catamaran ; Buildings ; Art ; Works of art ; Landscapes ; Transport: General ; Wine ; Welfare, aid agencies, care ; Home ; Astrology ; Exhibitions ; construction ; Gastronomy ; Anniversaries, Jubilees, birthdays ; Football ; aftermath of war
Translated by Microsoft Translator
Welt im Film 77/1946
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Allied Control Council Approves Plan to Relocate Germans (November 20th, 1945)
At the Potsdam Conference in the summer of 1945 the three main allies temporarily accept the borders in Eastern Europe including the westward shift of Poland. At the same time they decide the “orderly and humane transfer” of the Ethnic German population remaining beyond the Oder-Neisse-line, in Sudetenland and in the Hungarian territories.
On November 20th, 1945, the Allied Control Council confirms the collective relocation of 6.65 million Germans, 3.5 of them in Poland and 3.15 in Czechoslovakia and Hungary. The operation is supposed to begin the following month and be completed by July 1946.
This population transfer is a contentious issue among the victorious allied powers but in the end it is considered a legitimate means in liberating Europe once and for all from “conflicts and crises caused by ethnic minorities”, a means that would hopefully be conducive towards the goal of a stable peace.
The endeavour is also driven by the desire to get back at the Germans for the crimes committed by the National Socialists. Another justification is that the Germans themselves were to blame for the original relocation.
The resolutions are also useful to legitimize the “wild expulsions” from Poland and Czechoslovakia that had begun when the war ended in May of 1945, as a foretaste of what was expected to happen at the Potsdam Conference. Hundreds of thousands of ethnic German had been expelled by the police and the military. Numerous violent acts occurred, thousands of expellees perished, primarily during the gruelling marches.
The “orderly expulsion” that had been decided in Potsdam begins early 1946 and would last until 1950. Not surprisingly, the whole procedure was neither humane nor orderly. About 12-14 million Germans lose their homes due to flight and expulsion in the post-war years, at least 500,000 people lose their lives. A third of the expellees are resettled in the Soviet occupation zone, which would later become the GDR, where about 25 percent of the total population is made up of so-called migrants. 8 million forced migrants end up in the Western zones, i.e. the future FRG, most of them in the American occupation zone.