1 Nuremberg: Rise early the doctor process of those present in the courtroom. Four U.S. judges enter and sit down. The dock, total. The American Chief Prosecutor General Telford Taylor reads the indictment, totally. He invokes the names of the accused. Actuality: "Karl Brandt, Siegfried Handloser, Oskar Schröder." Pan over the dock, half-close. General Taylor, half-close. The judges table. Chief Judge of Beals calls the defendants individually and asks whether guilty or not guilty. Quote: "you are guilty?" Karl Brandt, formerly physician to Adolf Hitler, General Lieutenant of the weapons of the SS and Reich Commissar for the medical and health care, answers the question of the judge with "Not guilty" (original sound). Siegfried Handloser, formerly general surgeon Colonel and Chief of the armed forces medical service, standing, half close, in the dock. The only woman among the defendants, Hertha Oberhauser, former doctor at the women's concentration camp Ravensbrück, standing in the dock, total. The dock, total. (76 m) 02 United States: elections to the Congress and Senate slapping people on the road at election rally. Several speakers of choice. Election posters. President Truman, half close, voting with his wife. He pushes his ballot into the ballot box. Radio announcer. The United States Capitol in Washington, large. Result: Victory of the Democratic Party.
(27 m) 03. streiflichter from Germany (105 m) a. Stuttgart: Deutscher Städtetag Castle Hohenheim near Stuttgart, total. In the Assembly Hall: the Mayor of the German cities of the American and British zones. The Lord Mayor of Stuttgart Dr. Klett speaks, half-close. Among the listeners of Professor Heuss, half-close. The audience clapping. The Mayor during the tour by Daimler Benz. Hood Mercedes star, great. The Mayor during the tour of the factory. Debris from the factory.
(25 m) b. Berlin: helpdesk for losses of Wehrmacht a bag are distributed documents. Women at sighting of documents and files. File boxes on the walls. Women on typewriters when writing information about missing or killed in action.
Coast Guard boats of the fishing and coastal protection service drive (22 m) c. on the sea. A boat of the British border control. Driving past the boats of the British Governor of Schleswig-Holstein, Vice Air Marshal de Crespigny. The marine blue white red white blue flag on the boat, big.
(22 m) d. Berlin: three - Städtekampf Berlin - Leipzig - Greiz Turner on the horizontal bar gymnastics. Half close, clapping spectators. Gymnast on the parallel bars, Turner in floor exercises. Berlin WINS ahead of Greiz and Leipzig.
(36 m) 04. London: indent of the new mayor the historical golden coach, great. Men in repair work on the carriage. The Lord Mayor of London Sir Bracewell Smith at his inauguration in the Guildhall, half close, with official chain. Coachman on the carriage in historical costume. Moved: flag carrier, show car with cyclists, footballers. The horse-drawn carriage. The Mayor leaves the stage.
(47 m) 5th Junior in Ruhr mining smoking chimneys. Running conveyor belt. Ships in the port. Young men are walking into a barracks. Registration. Examination at the doctor's Office. Issue of work clothes. Young man look at shoes, another measures pants. Young people see back of moving truck. Residential camp at Wanne-eickel, total. Cabinets, tables and beds in shelters. Cook stems in large saucepan. Cooking makes food. Women cut and coat the bread. Young workers on the way to work, in the background of coal mining equipment. The young people with pit helmet and miner's lamps. Change of shift. Miners come out of the pit. Cage goes down. Smoking Chimney, front flue of a passing locomotive.
(64 m) 06 ski premiere on the Zugspitze mountain in the snow. Ladies in the slalom. The men's slalom. Sepp Gantner from Wiessee during the run. Markus Schwaiger, Garmisch at the start, half-close. His run. Both win at the same time. Another gate runner crashes. Ride through the target.
1 Nuremberg: Beginning the process of doctor In the Auditorium of the Assize Court Nuremberg began the first trial against 23 leading Nazi doctors exactly one year after the opening of the first major war crimes trial.
The Military Tribunal consists of 4 American judges. Beals Chief Justice presides. Many German listeners were admitted at the trial.
The first day was reserved for the reading of the indictment. She carried the American Chief Prosecutor General Telford Taylor.
The indictment contains three categories of crimes: common conspiracy, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Countless murders and atrocities in concentration camps, hospitals and research centres, as well as inhumane medical experiments, committed to helpless men and women are among the crimes listed in the indictment. Each defendant is individually called by Chief Justice of Beals and asked whether he is guilty or not guilty says. Karl Brandt, the former personal physician of Adolf Hitler, General Lieutenant of the weapons of the SS and Reich Commissar for the medical and health care.
The second main culprit is Siegfried Handloser, former general surgeon and Chief of the Wehrmacht's medical service. All 23 defendants described themselves as not guilty. The only woman among the defendants, Hertha Oberhauser, formerly doctor in the Ravensbrück women's concentration camp.
After all three defendants had issued their statement, adjourned the Court to two weeks.
02. how America chose in America were Instead of the elections to the Congress and the Senate. Electoral propaganda and voter turnout were very active in the country.
There was a clear victory for the Republicans, who have won the majority in the legislative body in America for the first time for 14 years.
President Truman in the election. He belongs to the Democratic Party, despite the election victory of the Republican party, it will remain until the election of the President in 1948 in the Office. Thus, America has a Republican majority in the Congress and Senate, while in the Government continue to Democrats possess the leadership.
No price change in America's foreign policy will occur after statements by official agencies and party leaders.
03. streiflichter from Germany a. Deutscher Städtetag, on in Stuttgart Castle Hohenheim near Stuttgart, found that III interzonal cities Conference Instead of, attended by the mayors of the cities of the American and British zones.
The Lord Mayor of Stuttgart, Dr. Klett said in Germany over the role of cities in the current political and economic life.
Following the meeting, the Mayor visited the Daimler-Benz-works in under Türkheim.
The works, which were badly damaged by the war, have begun with the new production of passenger cars and trucks. The Lord Mayor during her tour of the works. The ultimate goal of this interzonal cities Conference is to revive the old German Association of cities.
b. where is his grave?
The "information centre for loss of the Wehrmacht", which was been moved to Thuringia during the war, has returned to Berlin at the Hubertus way in Frohnau. The central register includes a total of 16 million index cards. Every day, 5,000 to 6,000 enter letters with questions about Warrior graves, missing German nationals, and prisoners of war.
This space here includes only maps for names that begin with the letter W.
470 German employees are headed by a small staff of French officers busy, to compare the cabinets and to sort letters and letters to answer.
Information about missing persons and prisoners of war are granted only to offices. The offices can then pass on messages to individuals.
(c). Coast Guard there a German coastal and fisheries protection service again. Purpose of this protection service is the customs protection of the coast by sea and the monitoring of coastal fisheries.
The British border control service directs the newly established German protection service.
Passing before the British Governor of Schleswig-Holstein, Vice Air Marshal de Crespigny.
The boats carry the new, approved by the Council of maritime flag with the stripes blue white red white blue. Former German mine raeumboote and air traffic control boats were rebuilt for purposes of the protection service. The flotilla will consist of 30 boats, which are 12 to shipyards for the rebuilding.
d. artistic gymnastics, Berlin in Berlin, the traditional three-cities competition in artistic gymnastics was Instead of for the first time after the war. The best gymnasts from Berlin, Leipzig and Greiz showed exercises on stretching, horse, bars and floor exercises. Most gymnasts were aged 30-40 years. The young lacking in artistic gymnastics almost entirely, since the youth gymnasts by the war had the opportunity to learn the difficult exercises.
Winner was Berlin with 542 points ahead of Greiz with 469 and Leipzig with 468 points.
04. London: Indent of the new mayor when in London, the historic Golden carriage is dusted off and repaired then the time for the ceremonial introduction of a new Lord Mayor is approached again.
This year's Lord Mayor, Sir Bracewell Smith, is the 624. Lord Mayor of London. He is introduced in his Office in the historic Guildhall.
And then the traditional pageant, the 'Lord Mayors Show'. The custom itself is 700 years old, the coach alone, nearly 400. By the way, it has no brakes and must be driven by a specialist, especially downhill.
The show car show scenes from the life and work of the English people - an errant round of serious and light-hearted scenes. Hundreds of thousands of spectators came fully into their own.
As an added bonus, there was a rarity: bright weather - because the fog month November also the sunshine is rationed in London.
05. junior in the Ruhr mining coal, basic element of reconstruction, is wrested the ground of the Ruhr area to an ever increasing extent and fed to the economy. 151 mines are in full operation, the digits of promotion of are in the last few months all crept up, but All the time has risen.
This stimulus is only possible through the pulling and inserting thousands of fresh workers. An army of young men in the Ruhr - unskilled, but irreplaceable assistants for the coal flows from all parts of Germany. Their average age is between 17 and 20 years. Around 6,000 will be queued in the worker process every month. After a thorough medical examination in a transit camp, the output of Workwear is: a complete equipment for everyone.
And now the resettlement to the Bill, the future permanent work of the young man. Each of the 151 coal mine has a residential camp like this at Wanne Eickel. The hotel rooms are comfortable and clean. The diet depends on the type of work. The catering of a worker underground has a nutritional value of an average 3,500 calories.
The young workers receive equal after the arrival of a two-week course of instruction making them familiar with the life and the work in the gallery. And then comes the day when a new group for the first time is to the Bill. An experienced miner is every newbie as long as the side, until he mastered its task independently.
Shift with the cage is in the depth of the new workplace. -These young unskilled workers are important helpers of any reconstruction.
06. ski-premiere on the Zugspitze as kick off the ski season was a door Instead of to the Schneefernerkopf on the Zugspitze.
The ladies opened the race. Winner remained Annemarie Fischer, Garmisch, in 50 seconds.
The winners in the men's class: Number 10 Sepp Gantner Wiessee and no. 11 Markus Schwaiger, Garmisch - both were excellent time of 48.2 seconds.
The route on the part of slope of the snow also head was staked out difficult. 33 goals had to be passed through. The vertical drop from the start to the goal was 200 metres.
Snow and weather were quite "real". The 60 participants of the Bavarian top showed a form that promises great benefits for the other competitions.
Curtains up!"for the coming ski season!
Beginning of the trial against doctors
In the big Nurnberg court room, exactly one year after the beginning of the first war criminals trial, the first trial against 23 leading Nazi doctors is started. Numerous German spectators are admitted to the first session of the Military Tribunal.
The bill of indictment contains three counts of crimes: common conspiracy, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Among the crimes of the indictment figure innumerable murders and cruelties committed in concentration camps, hospitals and research institutions, and inhuman medical experiments on helpless men and women.
The first day was scheluded for the reading of the bill of indictment. It was read by the Chief Prosecutor General Telford Taylor.
The Tribunal consists of four American judges. President of the court is Chief Justice Beals.
Each defendant is called up and asked if he pleads guilty" or "not guilty".
Karl Brandt, formerly Adolf Hitler's personal physician, Lt. General of the Waffen SS and Reich Commissioner for Sanitary - and Health Affairs.
(Original sound Brandt)
Secon chief defendant is Siegfried Handloser, formerly General M.C. and Chief of Wehrmacht Sanitary Affairs. All defendants plead "not guilty".
The single woman among the defendants: Hertha Oberhauser, formerly physician in the women's concentration camp Ravensbrück.
After all defendants have pleaded, the court adjourned for a fortnight.
02. Hew America went to the polls
In America the elections for Congress and Senate took place. Throughout the country election campaigning and polling were lively.
The voting resulted in a clear lead for the Republicans, who for the first time in 14 years reached the majority in America's legislative body.
President Truman at the poll. He belongs to the Democrat Party but remains in office till the new Presidential election in 1948.
Thus America has a Republican majority in Congress and Senate, while the Democrats have the lead in the Government.
According to statements from official quarters and party leaders there will be no change in Americas foreign policy.
03. German spotlights
a. Town Conference, Stuttgart
At Hohenheim castle near Stuttgart, the IIIrd Interzonal Towns Conference takes place, attended by the town mayors of both the American and British zones.
Stuttgart's Lord Mayor Dr. Klett comments on the role of the towns in the present political and economic life of Germany. After the meeting the Lord Mayors inspect the Daimler-Benz-Works at Untertürkheim.
The plant, seriously damaged in wartime, has resumed production of passenger cars and trucks.
The mayors on their tour of the plant.
The aim of this Interzonal Towns' Conference is to revive the old German "Städtetag".
b. Where is his grave?
The "Information Office for Wehrmacht Casualties", which during the war was evacuated to Thuringia, has returned to Berlin, i.e. Hubertusweg at Frohnau. The Central Files Office contains a total of 16 million file cards.
This room contains only cards of names beginning with "W". 5.000 to 6.000 inquiries concerning soldiers graves missing members of the Wehrmacht and PW's arrive daily.
Headed by a small staff of French officers 470 German employees are busy checking the files, sorting and answering. Information about persons missing or in captivity are sent to registrar's offices only, not to civilians. The registrar's offices may forward the information to the individuals.
c. Coast guard
A German coast- and fishery guard is operating again. Tasks of this guard service are the control of the custums frontier and the supervision of coastal fishery.
The British Frontier Control Service directs this newly created German coast guard service.
Parade before the British Governor of Sleswick-Holstein, Vice Air Marshal de Crespigny.
The craft show the new navigation flag, authorized by the Control Council: Blue-white-red-white-blue.
Former German mine-sweepers rebuilt for the purpose of protection service. The flotilla will becomposed of 30 vessels, 12 of them are still in wharfs, where they are being converted.
d. Gymnastics, Berlin
For the first time after the war the traditional Three-Towns-Contest in gymnastics is held in Berlin.
The best athletes of Berlin, Leipzig an Greiz perform on the horizontal bar, double bars, horse and floor gymnastics.
Most of the competitors are between 30 and 40 years of age; there is nearly no new blood in artistic gymnastics, as owing to the war the younger men lack the necessary training.
Winner was Berlin with 542 points before Greiz with 469 and Leipzig with 468.
Lord Mayor's Show
If in London the historic golden carriage is dusted and overhauled - then the time for the solemn introduction of a new Lord Mayor has come again.
This year's Lord Mayor, Sir Bracewell Smith, is the 624th Lord Mayor of London. In the historic Guildhall he receives the insignia of his office.
The traditional parade, the "Lord Mayor's Show".
The ceremony is 700 years old, the carriage alone nearly 400. Incidentally, it has no brakes and has to be driven by an expert, especially downhill.
The floats present phases of the life and work of the English people - an ambulant cavalcade of serious and cheerful scenes.
The hundreds of thousands of spectators have a splendid time. And in addition the rare phenomenon of bright, fine weather. For in foggy November even sunshine is rationed in London.
05. New blood for the Ruhr
Coal, basic element of reconstruction, is extracted in a gradually increasing rate from the soil of the Ruhr area and turned over to industrial purposes. 151 mines are in full operation. During the last months the output has increased gradually yet steadily.
This revival is only possible by the summoning and employment of thousands of new hands. Fromm al parts of Germany an army of young men streams into the Ruhr area - unskilled, yet irreplaceable aids for the extraction of coal.
Their average age is between 17 and 20 years and about 6,000 of these new mining-recruits are introduced into the working process each month.
After his arrival in the Ruhr area each one is housed at first in a transient camp.
Medical examination checks his state of health.
Working clothes are issued: a complete equipment for each man.
Then the young man moves an to the mine, his future and permanent place of employment.
Each of the 151 mines has a camp like this one near Wanne Eickel. The rooms are comfortable and clean. The food depends on the type of work. An under-surface worker gets an average 3.500 calories.
Immediately after their arrival the recruits receive a brief instruction course, which makes tham familiar with life and work in the mine. This surface instruction lasts two weeks.
- and then the day comes when a new group proceeds to the mine for the first time.
Change of shifts. The elevator brings them down to the depth of the pit, their new working place.
Each recruit is accompanied by an experienced miner till he is able to perform his task competently and indepemdently.
These young, unskilled workers are to-day vital contributors to the task of rekonstruction.
06. First ski race on the Zugspitze
To initiate the ski season, a slalom is held on the Schneefernerkopf at the Zugspitzplatt. The ladies start first. Winner is Annemarie Fischer/Garmisch, in 50 seconds. Then the men. No 10 Gantner from Wiessee and No. 11 Schwaigert, Garmisch share first place both achieved the excellent time of 48.2 seconds.
The course down the steep slope of the Schneefernerkopf is very difficult. 33 gates have to be passed. The elevation between start and goal is 200 metres.
Snow and weather conditions are first rate.
60 top notch Bavarian skiers show themselves in great form which promises excellent sport for the coming events.
"Curtain up" for the ski-winter.
Wood for the world's needs
This year Canada has produced a record cut of wood. Some hundred million trunks float downstream to the paper mills and wood working plants.
94% ofthe cut is scheduled for export.
Cutting timber is considered even in Canada as one of the most dangerous and adventurous vocations.
Canada's rich forests help supply the wood requirements for all the world.
As it happened after the first World War, so after this war tuberculosis cases increase.
The main requirement for a successful fight against tuberculosis is to catch the disease at an early state. The town of Hamburg has ordered a medical examination of all its inhabitants. The province of Schleswig-Holstein followed the same course. This new X-ray device makes examination of 200 persons an hour possible.
Emergency squads work in different parts of the town - as here in a gymnasium.
A Special camera takes X-ray pictures on film which is examined by the head doctor.
The picture enables an exact diagnosis to be made of each case. The results are noted in a file and each patient is informed about his lungs.
Some patients have to pass an extra examination in the welfare-office.
10% of all persons examined were tubercular - 4% had to receive immediate treatment.
Severe cases are being transferred to hospitals and sanatoriums.
Fighting tuberculosis - that is one of the most urgent post-war tasks.
Airplane - motorcar
Looks like the climax in comfort: a new aero-motor-car in America combinesx flying with road travel.
First a flight - then you land where you like, take the wings off, and then go with what remains to town.
On your way home the proceedings are reversed - provided that all parts are properly fastened.
Radio tower, Berlin
Berlin's tallest structure, the radio tower, has suffered considerable war damage and has to be overhauled. Tests showed that under present conditions the tower would only last for four months before complete destruction. The tower contains 600 tons of steel and its peak reaches 135 meters above ground.
The restaurant - 50 meters high - is burned out - the lifts cannot be used. A lot of work must be done. Workers and engineers become city-mountaineers.
The thorough repairing is Berlin's birthday present to the tower - which becomes this year 20 years old. It is hoped that the work can be completed next year.
In the American Zone of Occupation U.S. soldiers make toys for German kids. The toys will be given to kids of all ages and all classes. Here is a Craft shop in the American Red Cross Club in Munich, the former Burgerbraukeller.
The GI's voluntarily give a part of their rations - cadies and chocolate - for Xmas. Toys and presents will find their way into the hands and hearts of many German kids.
c. Streetcar school, Stuttgart
The training of streetcar personnel in Stuttgart:
First the technical side. They have to know how the driving switch is constructed as well as the electric motor. And now practise on the tracks - supervised by an engineer.
The pupils take 168 lesson hours before they can drive a streetcar.
Increased traffic demands careful instruction to all drivers.
The streetcar men get the best schooling.
The Blackmarket - Menacing Life and Health
The story begins quite harmlessly: a téte à téte - a glass of liquor, and when the bottle is empty a friendly man helps you out. Another bottle please. 350 marks - blackmarket stuff of course - but good.
Here's to your health - -
But suddenly - the cops. The little party ended and the next stop is the Police Station.
The tracks lead from the Black Market to one of the numerous secret distilleries in which fake liquors are manufacutred. The laboratory test by the criminal police shows methyl alcohol! Poison, danger for life and health. Next and last stop, the hospital. Death or loss of sight are often the consequenses of drinking methyl alcohol - a bitter payment for a little fun.
The Blackmarket - Menacing Life and Health
And another menace to health: fake penicillin from the blackmarket. In Berlin 21 persons were called to account by an American Military Tribunal. They sold powder and pounded tablets as penicillin. An expert gives his testimony.
Penicillin is wanted for many diseases but only American and British Officials can provide it for hospital treatment of German patients.
The main defendant, Domke.
The accused sold the fake penicillin on the blackmarket and collected two million Marks.
Injections with the fake penicillin can aggravate disease, even cause death.
Therefore: Shun the blackmarket - it menaces health and life itself.
Strong men of all weight-classes gather in Paris for the world's championships.
Some new world records are set up.
The American negro Davis. He is the world's strongest man, winner in the heavy-weight category. He lifted 435 kilos in three bouts.
One of the world's best weight-lifters: the Russian Novak, medium weight, lifts 425 kilos.
And finally: the Egyptian Fayad, featherweight, lifts 131 kilos, thus beating his own previous world record.
America's national game is baseball. This game - already more than 100 years old - resembles the German Schlagball game, but has much more complicated rules.
The catching team plays against a batting team - the aim is to score as many courses around the square field as possible.
This game is played by America's two best teams: St. Louis and Boston, for the championship.
The participation of the spectators is great - each year about 60 million attend the baseball games in America, and baseball stars - all of them professional - are not less popular than movie stars.
The St. Louis team won the championship of the big-league-class - an official world championship.
The British heavyweight champion Woodcock, who at present is European champion in his class, met in Manchester France's heavyweight champion Martin.
Right from the start Woodcock's opponent was not a match for him. In the second round he brings his dangerous right into play and forces Martin down several times. The third round brings the decision.
Woodcock beats Martin by a K.O., another victory in his continuous record of success. He is supposed to fight the world champion, Joe Louis.
This game could be called Hamburg Mixed Pickles. It is a football game between artists, press-men and sportsmen.
Big shots play for charity - the spectators pay and get their money's worth watching the funny scenes between cowboys, milk-babies in nightgowns etc.
Among the competitors are Ten Hoff, German heavyweight champ; the Tango King Juan Llossas, Max Schmeling and many others.
Max Schmeling acts as a goal-keeper and shows that he also has something in his feet.
The game goes up and down - but mostly on the ground. The man who gets the ball should take one lifeinsurance. A heavyweight-baby takes a rest.
This ball gets past Schmeling. The goal-maker in turn knocks Schmeling K.O. well, if that isn't sport ...!
Persons in the Film
Beals ; Brandt, Karl ; Crespigny de ; Handloser, Siegfried ; Heuss, Theodor ; Klett ; Oberhauser, Hertha ; Smith, Bracewell ; Taylor, Telford ; Truman, Harry ; Gantner, Sepp ; Schwaiger, Markus
Berlin ; Zugspitze ; Washington ; Stuttgart ; Ruhr area ; British zone ; Nuremberg ; Bad Nauheim, Germany ; Munich ; Bikini ; London ; United States
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Industry ; Justice ; Flags ; News, communications ; Political events ; Radio, television ; Shipping ; Ski, skiing, ski jumping ; sports audience, sports spectator ; Search ; Gymnastics ; Buildings ; concentration camp ; automotive engineering, automotive ; automotive industry ; War, prisoners of war ; Electronics ; war crimes, war crimes ; Military ; Elections ; Listener ; Jobs ; Mining ; Industrial ; Military ; aftermath of war
Translated by Microsoft Translator