Welt im Film 79/1946 29.11.1946
1 Nuremberg: Rise early the doctor process of those present in the courtroom. Four U.S. judges enter and sit down. The dock, total. The American Chief Prosecutor General Telford Taylor reads the indictment, totally. He invokes the names of the accused. Actuality: "Karl Brandt, Siegfried Handloser, Oskar Schröder." Pan over the dock, half-close. General Taylor, half-close. The judges table. Chief Judge of Beals calls the defendants individually and asks whether guilty or not guilty. Quote: "you are guilty?" Karl Brandt, formerly physician to Adolf Hitler, General Lieutenant of the weapons of the SS and Reich Commissar for the medical and health care, answers the question of the judge with "Not guilty" (original sound). Siegfried Handloser, formerly general surgeon Colonel and Chief of the armed forces medical service, standing, half close, in the dock. The only woman among the defendants, Hertha Oberhauser, former doctor at the women's concentration camp Ravensbrück, standing in the dock, total. The dock, total. (76 m) 02 United States: elections to the Congress and Senate slapping people on the road at election rally. Several speakers of choice. Election posters. President Truman, half close, voting with his wife. He pushes his ballot into the ballot box. Radio announcer. The United States Capitol in Washington, large. Result: Victory of the Democratic Party.
(27 m) 03. streiflichter from Germany (105 m) a. Stuttgart: Deutscher Städtetag Castle Hohenheim near Stuttgart, total. In the Assembly Hall: the Mayor of the German cities of the American and British zones. The Lord Mayor of Stuttgart Dr. Klett speaks, half-close. Among the listeners of Professor Heuss, half-close. The audience clapping. The Mayor during the tour by Daimler Benz. Hood Mercedes star, great. The Mayor during the tour of the factory. Debris from the factory.
(25 m) b. Berlin: helpdesk for losses of Wehrmacht a bag are distributed documents. Women at sighting of documents and files. File boxes on the walls. Women on typewriters when writing information about missing or killed in action.
Coast Guard boats of the fishing and coastal protection service drive (22 m) c. on the sea. A boat of the British border control. Driving past the boats of the British Governor of Schleswig-Holstein, Vice Air Marshal de Crespigny. The marine blue white red white blue flag on the boat, big.
(22 m) d. Berlin: three - Städtekampf Berlin - Leipzig - Greiz Turner on the horizontal bar gymnastics. Half close, clapping spectators. Gymnast on the parallel bars, Turner in floor exercises. Berlin WINS ahead of Greiz and Leipzig.
(36 m) 04. London: indent of the new mayor the historical golden coach, great. Men in repair work on the carriage. The Lord Mayor of London Sir Bracewell Smith at his inauguration in the Guildhall, half close, with official chain. Coachman on the carriage in historical costume. Moved: flag carrier, show car with cyclists, footballers. The horse-drawn carriage. The Mayor leaves the stage.
(47 m) 5th Junior in Ruhr mining smoking chimneys. Running conveyor belt. Ships in the port. Young men are walking into a barracks. Registration. Examination at the doctor's Office. Issue of work clothes. Young man look at shoes, another measures pants. Young people see back of moving truck. Residential camp at Wanne-eickel, total. Cabinets, tables and beds in shelters. Cook stems in large saucepan. Cooking makes food. Women cut and coat the bread. Young workers on the way to work, in the background of coal mining equipment. The young people with pit helmet and miner's lamps. Change of shift. Miners come out of the pit. Cage goes down. Smoking Chimney, front flue of a passing locomotive.
(64 m) 06 ski premiere on the Zugspitze mountain in the snow. Ladies in the slalom. The men's slalom. Sepp Gantner from Wiessee during the run. Markus Schwaiger, Garmisch at the start, half-close. His run. Both win at the same time. Another gate runner crashes. Ride through the target.
Persons in the Film
Sachindex Wochenschauen; Industry; Justice; Flags; News, communications; Political events; Radio, television; Shipping; Ski, skiing, ski jumping; sports audience, sports spectator; Search; Gymnastics; Buildings; concentration camp; automotive engineering, automotive; automotive industry; War, prisoners of war; Electronics; war crimes, war crimes; Military; Elections; Listener; Jobs; Mining; Industrial; Military; aftermath of war
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Welt im Film 79/1946
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Verdict in the Nuremberg Doctor’s Trial (August 20, 1947)
On August 20, 1947 the verdict in the doctor’s trial is announced. It is the first of twelve subsequent war trials against responsible individuals of the German Reich during the rule of National Socialism. In the fall of 1946, 20 doctors and three senior SS officials go on trial for war crimes as well as crimes against humanity. They are accused of committing inhumane medical offenses against concentration camp inmates, including experiments with negative pressure and hypothermia, spotted fever, malaria and typhus, as well as sterilization and they are accused of murdering mentally and physically disabled individuals.
None of the accused expresses one word of remorse during the hearings, all of them plead innocent. In the end, seven of the defendants are acquitted based on insufficient evidence. Seven are sentenced to death, the others receive prison terms between ten years to life. However, the U.S. high commissioner permits their premature release in 1951 or shortens their prison term—not because of a re-evaluation of their guilt but because of new political circumstances. The released prisoners find work as scientific staff in the pharmaceutical industry, as doctors in hospitals and even with the U.S. Air Force. In order to prevent a loss of confidence in experimental medicine and to appeal to the individual ethical responsibility, it is decided to establish ten principals regarding research ethics for human experimentation. Known as the Nuremberg Codex they become part of medical-ethical debate. The principle of „informed consent“ is still valid today.