Welt im Film 109/1947 27.06.1947


01 Berlin. From bunkers, mountains are blasted bunker in Berlin. Debris road. Rubble women throw debris and stones in Loren. Debris is generated with narrow gauge railway. Kleinbahn leaves from bunkers on mountain of debris. The rubble will be paid from the Loren. Women dig on the mountains of rubble. City map of Berlin with Bunker Hills.
(35 m) 02 updates soon a. Munich: anniversary of export show poster "Export show". Meeting participants at the ceremony. General Hübner, as a listener, great. People and crew officers go through the exhibition. Poster of the film "Between yesterday and tomorrow", porcelain, clothes.
(26 m) b. St. Anton: visit the old ski master Hannes Schneider Hannes Schneider, great. Hannes Schneider drives in the car. Panoramic view from the maglev train across the mountains. Hannes Schneider with a pipe, large. Walk through the mountains. Hannes Schneider picks up snow and gentian are picked. Schneider with binoculars.
(29 m) c. Hamburg and Berlin: film premiere "in those days" movie poster "In those days". Crowd before the Waterloo theatre. Arrival of the guests of honour and actor. Arrival of Winnie Markus, half-close. Scenes from the movie: car drives through debris. The car is on the side with rotating wheel. Pan across the Memorial Church in Berlin. The Marmorhaus people. Audience at the arrival. In the crowd of Hildegard Knef, half-close. Gossip, half-close. The performers bow including Winnie Markus onstage, totally, half-close. Helmut Käutner bows, half-close.
(39 m) 03 school and school horse - training of artist children artist children during training on the square in front of the circus tent of the circus belli. Handstand on the arms of the father. Flexibility exercise with mother. Child is thrown up and makes Salto. Catcher does not catch child, it falls down. Repeat the exercise. Children sit in the open air on the school. Zebra is felons. Child, great. Children get up and run out of the school. A child next to his mother does balancing act in an American circus. Boy climb on rod, which is balanced by Untermann. Boy riding on horse and is captured by lifeline for misstep. Artist is on horse with child. The child rises on the shoulders of the artist. Hand-rope catches child and protects it while falling down.
(44 m) 04. greetings from Rothenburg long shot of the city. Men in clean-up work in the street. Facade of the hotel Campanile. Mason on scaffolding. The alley of blades with the blade gate. The fire flax lane. Renaissance Oriel House. Hotel Eisenhut. The Röder Street with the Bell Tower. Painter paints the old city wall. Views of the rooftops of the city. The market square with the fountain of Georg, look from above and big. Man sitting on bench before Tower. Horse-drawn carriage runs through archway. Looking through a Gothic arch on the city.
(49 m) 05. images from all over the world a. Transjordan: Parade for the anniversary of the unification of the Arab countries, King Abdullah is a parade. Soldiers on camels, horses. Marching troops. Abdullah greeting, half-close.
(15 m) b. Cheltenham: agricultural exhibition Bull runs on cable. The Duke of Gloucester and the Duchess as guests walk through the exhibition, large. Agricultural machinery. Horse riding before hounds. Aptitude test for dogs. Dog drives sheep in fencing. Sheep attacking dog. Duke of Gloucester on grandstand, laughing, half-close. Horse trots from buggy. Rider to jump over the obstacles.
(30 m) c. British Columbia: salmon fishing with fishing boats. Fishing with a large salmon. Barrage. The salmon. jump up the various stages of the barrage on the way to the spawning grounds.
(21 m) 06 sport a. bicycle race "Rund um Berlin" start of cyclists, totally. Driving through streets, spectators on the side of the road. Driver is standing next to his zerbeultem wheel. Driver drinking while driving out of the bottle. Mountain trial in the Grunewald forest. Any legs of cyclists. Road sign "Wistnerstrasse", including the name of the street in Russian. The winner of Preiskeit goes through the target. Preiskeit receives congratulations and flowers after the victory, close to half.
(47 m) b. Indianapolis: race cars on the track. Aerial view of the course. Car in the curve. Flings the car and driver is fatally injured. Car is carried from the car and flings about the railway. Official lowers flag. Winner in racing cars, half close, kiss after the victory.
(29 m)


Narration (English)

Persons in the Film

Abdullah von Transjordanien ; Gloucester von ; Hübner, Achim ; Käutner, Helmut ; Knef, Hildegard ; Markus, Winnie ; Schneider, Hannes


Berlin ; Indianapolis ; Cheltenham ; St. Anton ; Rothenburg ; Munich ; Hamburg ; British Columbia ; Transjordan ; Manila


Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Dogs ; Children ; fishing ; Women, mothers ; motor sports ; Parades ; Cycling ; Horse riding, horse racing (without harness) ; Ski, skiing, ski jumping ; Spoprt-Ehrungen ; sports audience, sports spectator ; Cities ; Animals (except dogs) ; Debris ; Kissing, kissing scenes ; maps ; Landscapes ; People ; Jobs ; aerial photographs ; artist children ; Construction ; Exhibitions ; Crew ; Anniversaries, Jubilees, birthdays ; Dogs ; Sports honors ; aftermath of war


Newsreel (G)



Translated by Microsoft Translator


Welt im Film 109/1947

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75 Years of Berlin’s „Trümmerfrauen“ (June 1, 1945)

When World War II was over Berlin lay in ashes. A high percentage of living space and production facilities had been completely or partially destroyed by the more than 350 air strikes since 1940. Out of the originally 4.3 million residents just over half remain in the city, with barely any men left that are fit for work. Shortly after Berlin’s occupation the Allied Forces oblige all healthy women between the age of 15 and 50 to work. Several thousand women report to remove the giant towers of debris—not because they are eager to rebuild their city but because they have no other choice. In exchange for their hard physical labour they receive better ration cards—meaning larger rations—as well as a very small hourly wage. It’s the only way to make ends meet for them and their families.

Clearing the rubble comes with a lot of stigma. During the war it was concentration camp prisoners and prisoners of war who were forced to clear the debris, and after Germany capitulated German soldiers and members of the NSDAP were deployed for penal labour. To counteract the negative image and to win over more unemployed persons a media campaign is launched to create a positive image of the „Trümmerfrauen“ („rubble women“) and to also disseminate the term, which was probably born on the street. The photos used in this campaign are often staged.

With the decade coming to a close more and more skilled personnel and machines assume the debris removal and female „unskilled workers“ are no longer needed. In the GDR they are hailed as role models for socialist women but in West Berlin and the FRG they are quickly forgotten. It’s the feminist movement that would eventually raise the issue, which then also becomes a subject of pension policy. As a result all women, who led a hard life during the post war era are hailed as „Trümmerfrauen“ and given mythic status. But in reality the Trümmerfrauen were just a phenomenon in Berlin and the Soviet occupation zone, and even there they only accounted for a small portion of working women.

More video clips on this subject

  • Welt im Film 12/1945

  • Welt im Film 33/1945

  • Welt im Film 43/1946

  • Welt im Film 63/1946

  • Welt im Film 109/1947

  • Welt im Bild 149/1955

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 360/1956

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