Welt im Film 163/1948 09.07.1948


01. a German journalist, traveled to America the Capitol in Washington, D.c. big. Berlin journalist Erik Reger in conversation, great. Front of the House of the Washington daily news. Reger photos seen in the newsroom. Reger, picture exhibition visited German Masters at the National Gallery of art. Visitors to the exhibition. In the series "The voice of America 's" Reger interviewed the daughter of Mayor Gördeler.
(31 m) 02 sport a. Karlsruhe: Canoe race start the canoe aft with helmsman. It wins the Wiesbaden canoe club. Four paddlers. Winner canoe club Rhine brueder, Karlsruhe.
(23 m) b. Tokyo: coincides with the "Grand Prix of Tokyo" Japanese sit on the steps of the stadium with betting slips. Crowd. Race. Folks at betting counters at payment of the prize. Japanese counts banknotes.
(24 m) 3rd Marshal Tito: tensions between Moscow and Yugoslavia Tito during a visit to Prague. Tito is located, close to half in uniform. Gossip Girl in costume. Tito goes through waving crowd. Tito welcomes Benesch, great. Benesch, great. Tito with many orders, great. Tito at the departure of the train compartment window.
(29 m) 04 pictures from all over the world a. 50 years New York festival parade through the city with vehicles from old time, tandem bicycles and old cars.
(21 m) b. New Delhi: case law on the road signs of different attorneys. Lawyers sit with their clients on the road. Secretary writes on a typewriter.
(15 m) c. London: exhibition on the road onlookers before pictures. Surrealistic self-portrait of the painter.
(17 m) 5th Berlin crisis of Kurfürstendamm with Memorial Church. People standing on the street. Empty railway tracks. Empty roads. Meeting of the SPD on the football ground of Hertha. Ernst Reuter, actuality, is great. "The SED leads this battle for our freedom, this war of conquest and those allied with it are ruthless and brutal on our backs, and they hope in this way they could reach their destination." "Berlin will not come. "We will defend ourselves by all means, we have the extreme against the claim to power, the us to the slaves which will make us the Helots of a party." In the audience: Paul Löbe. Louise Schröder, Otto Suhr, Franz Neumann Zuhörer intermediate cuts. Meeting of all parties on the Fehrbelliner Platz. Umbrellas from above. The last meeting of the Berlin headquarters before dissolution by the Soviets. The British Commandant of Berlin, General Herbert, the Russian commander General Kotikow, the French commander General Ganeval the American commander, Colonel Howley. General Clay, immediately. British planes at airport of Wunstorf near Hannover. General Robertson visited loading of food US aircraft to Rhein Main airport in Frankfurt. Bags and boxes are loaded. Plane taking off. Flying aircraft, large. Aircraft landing in Berlin. Goods are unloaded. Aircraft flying over Berlin. People look up.
(143 m)


Narration (English)

Persons in the Film

Benesch, Eduard; Clay, Lucius D.; Ganeval; Gördeler; Grönemeyer, Herbert; Howley; Kotikow; Reger, Erik; Reuter, Ernst; Robertson, Brian; Tito, Josip


Tokyo; Karlsruhe; United States; London; Washington; Berlin; New York; New Delhi; Prague; U.S. zone; Wunstorf


Sachindex Wochenschauen; Narcotics, drugs; Interviews; News, communications; Medals, awards, honors; Paddle; Horse riding, horse racing (without harness); Radio, television; sports audience, sports spectator; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside); Cities; Buildings; Art; Works of art; Transport: motor vehicles; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen; Costumer; Exhibitions; Crew; Anniversaries, Jubilees, birthdays; Berlin blockade; aftermath of war


Newsreel (G)



Translated by Microsoft Translator


Welt im Film 163/1948

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The Berlin-Blockade Begins (June 24, 1948)

The Berlin Blockade beginning on June 24, 1948 marks the „first battle of the Cold War“.

It is early morning when the Soviet military administration cuts off all connections between West Berlin and West Germany, from railways to roads to waterways. They also cut off gas and electricity. This is the Soviets’ reaction to a currency reform that had not been coordinated with them. The Deutsche Mark had been introduced to three Western occupation zones on June 20th, and to the Western sectors of Berlin three days later. This was de-facto financially dividing Germany. In order to prevent an outflow of the devalued Reichsmark to the Soviet occupation zone and East Berlin, the Soviets begin checking goods as well as passenger traffic on June 18th and initiate preparation for their own currency reform. US-military governor Clay orders an immediate airlift to sustain more than two million West Berliners. Airplanes from the US- and the Royal Air Force begin to fly urgently needed supplies, such as coal, food and medicine to the city, around the clock. Berlin’s mayor-elect Ernst Reuter, who had not been acknowledged by the Soviets, fears that the Allies will retreat from Berlin. In his famous appeal at a mass rally on September 9 he addresses the “peoples of the world: “…look on this city and recognise that this city, this people, must not be abandoned – cannot be abandoned!" That same month the Western Allies impose a counter blockade. Already burdened by the war reparations it had to pay to the USSR the East German economy feels the repercussions immediately. At the same time the four powers begin to look for a way out of the Berlin-crisis. After weeks of negotiations they sign an agreement that suspend all bilateral traffic and trade restrictions as of May 12, 1949.

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