Special service: The blockade is like English Russian zone boundary At night. People. Occupation soldiers see on map. Cameraman turns. Reporter. Watch, great shows 24 hours. Barrier zone bordering opens. Cars drive through. Berlin sector boundary. Occupation soldier looks on watch. Barrier opens. Car drive over the border. The first Fernlastzug arrives in Berlin. WIF presented a wreath to the reception. Women shoveling away roadblocks. Town Council meeting in the Schöneberg Town Hall. Berliner Bär, great. Under the present Carlo Schmid, Adenauer, clay, half-close. Ernst Reuter speaks interview at the lectern. "I have today called the magistrates of the great Berlin, celebrate the lifting of the blockade, to make following statement: since midnight today the so-called technical traffic restrictions on the basis of agreements between the four occupying powers have stopped." In the town of road blocks and road checks have been removed." Clay on the lectern speaks interview: "I shall not use the english word goodbye, but rather try to say to you goodbye." Clay goes from the lectern and shaking hands with Ernst Reuter. In addition to Reuter is Suhr. Band Get up the helmstedt station on the 1 train Köln-Berlin. Train sign. Schaffner takes exit sign. Train departs. People waving from a train and the platform. May. Moving freight train. Train arriving Berlin Zoo station. Driver receives a bouquet of flowers. People wave at inter zone omnibus road. Control on the border of the zone. Lock is opened. Zone boundary sign. Gate opens at zone boundary. The first coal train arrives in Berlin. Barges on the river. Chicken goes beyond Rod ashore. Rally prior to the Schöneberg Town Hall. Adenauer speaking at the lectern, half close quote. "Berlin, Berlin, friends! The Parliamentary Council in Bonn is the invitation to Berlin from inner heart urge and filled with gratitude for your struggle for your suffering, for your patience, which has now led to the victories." People filling picture. Luise Schröder speaks interview. "My dear friends and girlfriends! You've heard just as many fine speeches, it is actually unnecessary, that also I still to you speak. But as you wish, so I wanted to say thanks to you with all my heart thanks for the loyalty that you stopped Berlin and the freedom in the last 10 months." People filling picture.
(189 m) 1st Berlin: the end of the blockade broadcaster. Soundsystem of the RIAs, people stand around the sound truck. People wave. S Bahn train from Depot. Train is the other way, Windows will be cleaned. Locomotive is decorated. Train departs. Gatow drive road rollers in the construction of the new runway. Rhein Main airport exit road rollers in the construction of a new runway. Giant airlifter C 97 provided for the regular flight service to Berlin. Cargo is loaded. Start. Flight over Berlin. Landing in the temple courtyard, great. Aircraft rolls out. Ernst Reuter, large, in favour of actuality desk WIF. "The lifting of the blockade is one of the greatest successes, the free world has been won in recent years. The prestige that the Berlin while the have won nine months of blockade by their endurance through their persistence, through their steadfastness, this viewing them to prove themselves have the energy, the diligence and perseverance with which they now, where the blockade stops approach rebuilding their city.
(91 m) 02 England: world class tennis women's singles: Miss quarter plays against Joan Curry. Spectators close to half. Joan WINS Curry in three sets. Men's singles: The player Cochet, France, and Pedro Masip, Spain, side by side, half-close. Game. Masip WINS. Curry and Pedro Masip Joan get big trophies. Curry and Masip with trophies side by side, half-close.
(41 m) 03 may beetles die Förster goes through low pine forest. Roots damaged by tree by white grubs. Cockchafer on leaves, large. Under the trees, horse pulls every which injects chemical compound to the top. Helicopter sprays Schädlingsmittel. Dead may beetles on the floor.
(34 m) 4th Holland: the time of the tulips Tulip bed. Driving scenes to Tulip beds past. Riding past on a barge to Tulip beds. Cars with tulips adorned the streets.
(33 m) 5th news from Germany a. Frankfurt: Farewell to General Clay Clay adopted by leading German Government officials. Dr. Köhler thanks clay, great. Clay, sitting, half-close. O Director Dr. Pünder speaks big. The Hessian Minister President Christian Stock speaks, great. Clay is Dr. Köhler, Dr Pünder and Christian Stock the hand. Clay is great.
(23 m) b. Reutlingen: auto show Mercedes 170 v demonstration of Vespa motor scooters. Renault 18 HP small car. New German small cars champion, single cylinder, two stroke engine. DKW master class. VW Beetle, VW vans and VW sport model.
(42 m) c. Bonn: Parliamentary Council adopts Constitution Carlo Schmid at the lectern, great. Among those present Heuss. Adenauer, half close to the talks. Vote on the Constitution with his hand. Carlo Schmid claps. The basic law, great. The black-red-gold flag will be hoisted on the buildings of the Parliamentary Council, great.
01. the end of the blockade "The blockade will be lifted". Sound trucks of the Berlin West station "RIAS" to announce this important message in the streets of the city. The lifting of the blockade means The end of heavy, rich in privation time that West Berlin had to go through since the end of June last year. The joy of the restoration of normal conditions reflected on everyone's faces.
End the blockade - which also means: resumption of rail traffic between West Germany and Berlin. The Allied military train is made ready, after months of rest. Distance - also the first freight train is ready to ride over the border of the zone. But the airlift is not cancelled...
So, the first sod for the construction of a further 200-metre runway is done on the British airfield in Berlin-Gatow. Also on the Rhine-Main airport in Frankfurt was considered the construction of a new runway. This line will serve later civilian air traffic. As well, to build new parking areas for planes and shuttle routes to the runway.
Expansion of the airlift: a giant machine is used for the regular flight service between Frankfurt and Berlin. It is the C 97 - the stratospheric cruiser.
With 71 tons dead weight, the air giant carries a cargo of 26 tons. In Frankfurt, coal is loaded for the flight to Berlin. Then starts the machine, that ten times can carry as much cargo as the twin-engine Dakota machines used at the beginning of the airlift. Landing in Tempelhof - the stratospheric Cruiser floats up - after a flight time of 80 minutes. The machine operates late on the runway, but the propeller running full throttle to the brake position and clocking the speed in time.
The stratospheric Cruiser is the culmination of the previous use of air bridges. The end of the blockade is there - on this occasion speaks for "World in the movie" Berlin Mayor, Professor Reuter: (original sound: "the lifting of the blockade is one of the greatest successes, the free world has been won in recent years.)
They will have to prove the appearance that the Berliners have won during the 9 months of blockade by their endurance through their persistence, through their steadfastness, this viewing through the energy, through the hard work and perseverance with which she now, where the blockade stops approach rebuilding their city.")
02. June bug... die!
Cockchafer are heralds of spring. When they occur but in moderation, they become the plague. They eat the young foliage, and the larvae of may beetles, the white grubs, gnaw at the roots of trees and destroy so all tree crops. Effectively combat of the Cockchafer is therefore a necessity. In particularly endangered areas, such as here at Babenhausen in Hesse, the edges of the forest with chemical preparations are pollinated. Novel atomization apparatus to reach the Summit of the tallest trees.
France also had a "June bug"spring this year.
Modern technology helps here, too. You dusted the lands affected by the insects swarming from helicopters. The toxin is blown off from large tankers. The success: 50,000 dead Cockchafers under a single oak tree.
03. England: Tennis world class In the English seaside resort of Bournemouth took Instead of an international tennis tournament. Here the game between Miss Quartier (pictured front) and Joan Curry.
Joan won Curry 3-6, 7-5, 7-5.
And the main event: right of the 47-year old ex-world champion Cochet, France. He plays against the Spaniard Pedro Masip.
Cochet, one of the three world famous Musketeers of tennis, his still amazing skill pulls out all stops. It developed into a game world.
Match-ball... and Masip has won!
Now, the prizes - the size of the Cup is equivalent to the performance.
04. now in Holland: the time of the tulips spring is in Holland the big time of the Tulip flower. The largest flower fields in the world stretching between the cities of Haarlem and Leiden.
Thousands of foreigners and locals enjoy this unique magnificence. You can enjoy the unique image of the boat – or from the road, by car. On the occasion of the Tulip flower, a motorcade took across Instead of through the flower garden of Holland.
All cars were decorated with tulips. The pace was considerably over a leisurely boat ride, but visitors from all over the world enjoyed also the unforgettable panorama of the colorful glowing Tulip splendor.
By "World IN the FILM" the blockade has fallen special service!
11 May 1949 - three minutes before midnight on the British Soviet zone boundary. Everything is clear for the moment, in which the blockade is lifted: press, columns of cars and all that the big event To want experience with broadcasting.
24. Open the barriers - the blockade is to end car for car rolls on the road, which was ten months without life.
The same image in Berlin shortly before midnight: midnight - and here too the barriers go up. The way the West free! The first Fernlastzug arrives in the morning in Berlin – the driver receives a wreath by the weekly news "World in the film". The end of the blockade brings also the removal of roadblocks that were erected by the West police at the crossing points in the Western sectors of Berlin. In the Schöneberg Town Hall took Instead of an extraordinary Council meeting, to which the three Western military governors had appeared. Professor Reuter, Mayor of Berlin, said on this occasion: (original sound: "since midnight today the so-called technical restrictions of traffic stopped on the basis of agreements between the four occupying powers.) In the town of road checks have been removed.")
Then said the American military Governor, General Clay, thus from the Berlin population adopted: (original sound: "I shall not use the English word good bye - but rather toy to say to you on Goodbye".)
A Serenade for the first Cologne-Berlin train station in Helmstedt. Departure! Trains run you again - the lines are again quickened. Cargo and people flow into to Berlin - and from Berlin, the trains run again in the West - the everyday life becomes the feast for all who are in these first hours after lifting the blockade while - travellers as staff or as spectators.
Also the inter zone buses roll again. The old - ten months-long forgotten, now resurgent gang of border crossing. The "clearance" with all its joys and sorrows is working again. Not everyone goes, some walking. New life to the other zone transitions. A significant event: the first coal train arrives in Berlin. On the waterways of yet idyllic, peace but merely for a few days. A last trip ashore...
On the evening of may of 12 Town Hall found Instead of before the Schöneberger a rally of the Berlin population. 100,000 people have gathered. Among the speakers the President of the Parliamentary Council, Dr. Adenauer: (original sound: "Berlin - Berlin - friends.) The Parliamentary Council in Bonn is the invitation to Berlin from inner heart urge and filled with gratitude for your struggle for your suffering, for your patience, which has now led to the victories."
Then wife Luise Schröder, who was the Acting Mayor of Berlin at the beginning of the blockade saying: (original sound: "my dear friends and girlfriends!) You've heard just as many fine speeches, it is actually unnecessary, that also I still to you speak. But as you wish, so I wanted to say thanks you wholeheartedly thanks for the loyalty that you stopped Berlin and the freedom in the last ten months.")
For 2 1/2 million people the time of darkness and the deprivation is over: the blockade of Berlin has fallen!
05. news from Germany: a. farewell General Clay General clay, the American military Governor of Germany, took leave of the leading German agencies in Frankfurt. The representatives of the Economic Council, Board of Directors and National Council thanked the Governor for his significant work on the reconstruction of Germany.
According to Dr. Köhler, the Fräsidenten of the Economic Council, said o Director Dr. Pünder.
Then the Hessian Minister President Christian Stock, as a representative of the National Council.
General Clay said in his farewell speech: a new stage in the development of Germany will start his retirement: the step to self government and the direct cooperation with other peoples.
b. motor show, Reutlingen, Reutlingen, Württemberg was Instead of the first international motor show in Germany. Latest models give an impressive picture of the performance of the German automotive industry. Here of the Mercedes 170 V with modern body. But also foreign companies were represented with interesting and innovative models. The seller of the motor scooter, the "Vespa" the Italian company Piaggio. Fuel consumption: 2 liters per 100 kilometers. The Paris Renault works showed their 18 HP small cars with rear engine. Streamlined shape and low weight allow again lowest fuel consumption. The exhibition provided an interesting comparison of domestic and foreign structures.
"Champion", the new German small cars with two two-stroke engine - a vehicle constructed for the city and transport.
DKW master class in the new garb.
And - three times: Volkswagen: normal body - building - and as a luxury sports model.
In - and high sales for a total of 180 exhibitors were foreign.
c. Constitution, the Parliamentary Council in Bonn Bonn has adopted the basic law created in 8 months for the new "Federal Republic of Germany". With 53 votes against 12 votes, members adopted the Constitution. Many domestic and foreign press representatives witnessed this historic process. After the approval by the Western military governors, the basic law must be ratified by the parliaments of the 11 Western German States. Until then, it can enter into force. Bonn was chosen as provisional capital city. With 49 against 1 voice, Schwarz-rot-gold was determined as the national flag. Here, the new flag is hoisted the future "Federal Republic of Germany" for the first time on the premises of the Parliamentary Council.
The Blockade is Lifted
May 11th 1949 - - 3 minutes before midnight at the British-Soviet Zone border. Everything is set for the moment at which the blockade will be lifted. Press, radio, files of vehicles, and a great number of people wait to witness this great event. 2400 hours! The barriers go up .. The blockade is ended - - car after car drives along the road which was dead for 10 months. The same picture in Berlin before midnight: 2400 hours, and the ring around the blockaded city is opened. The first long distance truck convoy arrives in Berlin -- the driver receives a wreath from "Welt in Film". The street barriers, which were built up by the East Zone Police, are taken away. At Schöneberg City Hall a special session was held by the members of the city council, joined by the Western Military Governors, Professor Reuter, Burgomaster of Berlin said:
"To-night on the occasion of treaties between the 4 occupational forces the so-called technical traffic restrictions have been lifted. There are no more checkpoints in the city."
Then American Military Governor General Clay spoke, saying good-bye to Berlin:
"I shall not use the English word "Good-bye" -- but rather try to say to you, "Auf Wiedersehn."
Music for the first train from Cologne at Helmstedt Station. Happy faces everywhere. The trains roll again - - freight and people pour into Berlin -- and coming from Berlin trains go to the West again. A festival for all who were present during the first hours of the lifting of the blockade.
The Interzonal Buses travel again. The old (forgotten for 10 months) walk over the border. Control of documents. The checkpoint functions again. Not everybody drives over the border. Many walk on the free roads again. An important event: the first coal train arrives in Berlin. There is still an idyllic solitude on the rivers, but only for a few days. A last trip on land ... On the eve of the 12th of May at Schöneberg City Hall a demonstration was held by over 100.000 Berliners. Among the speakers, the President of the Parliamentary Council, Dr. Adenauer:
"Berlins, friends, The Parliamentary Council at Bonn are here on an invitation from Berlin. We are filled with deep thankfulness for your fight, for your suffering, for your patience which helped you to victory."
Luise Schröder, who was Burogmaster at the beginning of the blockade:
"My dear friends! You just heard so many nice speeches that it is not necessary for me to speak to you. But as you called me, I want to thank you for your faithfulness to Berlin during the last 10 months."
For 2 1/2 million people the time of darkness and hardship is over: the blockade of Berlin is ended.
01. The End of the Blockade
"The blockade is lifted!" Loudspeakers of the Berlin West Radio Station "RIAS" announce this important message in the city. The lifting of the blockade means the end of a severe and nerve-wracking time for West Berlin since June of last year. All faces show happiness at the return of normal conditions. The end of the blockade also means resumption of railway traffic between Western Germany and Berlin. The Allied Military Train is prepared after a recess of months on end. The goods train is set to drive over the zone borders. But the Air Lift is not stopped. Thus at British Airfield Berlin-Gatow, the first step is taken to build another 200-meter-long landing strip. Also at Rhine-Main Airfield at Frankfurt a new landing strip is being built. This strip will later server civil traffic. New hangars and ways to the starting strips are built also. The Air Lift is improved: a new C 97 monster plane will fly regularly between Frankfurt and Berlin. Weighing 71 tons, this stratosphere cruiser will carry a load of 26 tons. At Frankfurt it is loaded with coal for Berlin for its first test flight. Then this plane takes off, carrying ten times as much as the 2-motored Dakotas flying in the Air Lift at the beginning. 80 minutes later the plane lands. Although it comes down at speed, the propellers rotate at full speed in reverse, and stop the plane quickly. The stratosphere cruiser is the climax of the Air Lift operation. The end of the blockade is here - this is the occasion for Berlin's Burgomaster Reuter to speak for "Welt im Film"
"The lifting of the blockade is one of the greatest successes which the free world can record in these times. The renown which the Berliners have won during 9 months of the blockade by their energy, endurance and upright attitude - this renown they will have to prove by their energy in reconstructing their city after the blockade is over"
Top Notch Tennis
At the British seaside resort of Bournemouth an International Tennis Tournament was held. This is the match between Miss Quartier (in front) and Joan Curry. Joan Curry won with 3:6,7:5,7:5. And the highlight: on the right is 47-year-old Ex-World-Champion Cochet, France. He plays against Pedro Masip, Spain. Cochet plays with estonishing technique. Match-Ball ... and Masip has won. And then the prize were distributed.
Cockchafers are the messengers of spring; but if they come in masses they become a plague. They eat all young leaves, and their worms eat the roots of the trees. Effective protection is necessary. In especially menaced districts, like Babenhausen/Hesse, the forests are dusted with special chemical insecticides. A new dusting device makes it possible to reach the highest tops of the trees. A cockchafer spring is also plaguing France. Modern technique assists: helicopters spray chemicals over the menaced district. The poison is also sprayed from big tank-trucks. The result: 50.000 dead cockchafers under a single oak.
04. In Holland Today
The Time for Tulips
In spring Holland has its big tulip season. Between Haarlem and Leiden are the world's largest flower fields. Thousands of foreigners and Hollanders enjoy this unique sight. You can enjoy the picture from a boat - or from the road by car. An Auto-Korso through the flower fields of Holland was held. All cars were decorated with tulips.
05. News Flashes from Germany
a. Good-bye to General Clay
General Clay, American Military Governor in Germany, took leave of leading German officials at Frankfurt. The representatives of the Economic Council, Administrative Counsel and the Länderrat thanked the governor for his successful cooperation in Germany's reconstruction. After Dr. Köhler, President of the EC, Oberdirektor Dr. Pünder spoke. The Hesse Minister President Christian Stock spoke as representative of the Länderrat. General Clay said in his address that with his leaving a new phase of Germany's development would begin: a step towards self government and direct cooperation with other nations.
b. Motor Show, Reutlingen
Reutlingen in Wurttemberg was the scene of the 1st International Motor Show in Western Germany. Latest models gave an impressive picture of the state of the German motor-car industry. This is the Mercedes 170 V with modern coachwork. Foreign firms presented new and interesting models. The hit was the motor roller "Vespa" of the Italian firm Piaggio. 2 liters gasoline for 100 kilometers. Paris factories displayed an 18 PS-small car. "Champion" the new little German car with one cylinder 2-stroke-motor, especially constructed for traffic in the city. DKW-Meisterklasse in a new model. And 3-times Volkswagen. Normal body, with additional construction and luxury sport model. Many orders were given to 180 exhibitors at home and from abroad.
c. Basic Law
After 8 months the Parliamentary Council at Bonn finished the Basic Law for the new "Bundesrepublik Deutschland". With 53 ayes against 12 noes, the representatives okayed the new laws. Many German and foreign journalists witnessed this historical procedure. After the Western Military Governors' o.k. the Landtage of the 11 West German Lands have to ratify the law. Bonn was selected as the provisional federal capital. By a vote of 49 to 1 Black-Red-Gold was announced as the flag. Here thenew flag of the future "Bundesrepublik Deutschland" was hoisted up on the building of the Parliamentary Council.
Persons in the Film
Adenauer, Konrad ; Clay, Lucius D. ; Heuss, Theodor ; Köhler, Erich ; Pünder ; Reuter, Ernst ; Suhr, Otto ; Schmid, Carlo ; Schröder, Luise ; Stock, Christian
Reutlingen ; Berlin ; GRAFENWOEHR ; Frankfurt ; Ulm ; Bonn ; Cologne ; Zone boundary ; Hanover ; Holland ; Helmstedt
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Railways ; Border DDR/BRD, borders ; Justice ; cameramen, cameramen ; Emblems ; Flags ; Women, mothers ; Musical events ; Night ; Plants ; Political events ; Radio, television ; Pests and pest control ; Shipping ; Animals (except dogs) ; Watches ; automotive engineering, automotive ; automotive industry ; maps ; People ; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen ; Jobs ; Exhibitions ; Crew ; Berlin blockade ; Japan ; aftermath of war
Translated by Microsoft Translator