Welt im Film 207/1949 13.05.1949

Synopsis

Special service: The blockade is like English Russian zone boundary At night. People. Occupation soldiers see on map. Cameraman turns. Reporter. Watch, great shows 24 hours. Barrier zone bordering opens. Cars drive through. Berlin sector boundary. Occupation soldier looks on watch. Barrier opens. Car drive over the border. The first Fernlastzug arrives in Berlin. WIF presented a wreath to the reception. Women shoveling away roadblocks. Town Council meeting in the Schöneberg Town Hall. Berliner Bär, great. Under the present Carlo Schmid, Adenauer, clay, half-close. Ernst Reuter speaks interview at the lectern. "I have today called the magistrates of the great Berlin, celebrate the lifting of the blockade, to make following statement: since midnight today the so-called technical traffic restrictions on the basis of agreements between the four occupying powers have stopped." In the town of road blocks and road checks have been removed." Clay on the lectern speaks interview: "I shall not use the english word goodbye, but rather try to say to you goodbye." Clay goes from the lectern and shaking hands with Ernst Reuter. In addition to Reuter is Suhr. Band Get up the helmstedt station on the 1 train Köln-Berlin. Train sign. Schaffner takes exit sign. Train departs. People waving from a train and the platform. May. Moving freight train. Train arriving Berlin Zoo station. Driver receives a bouquet of flowers. People wave at inter zone omnibus road. Control on the border of the zone. Lock is opened. Zone boundary sign. Gate opens at zone boundary. The first coal train arrives in Berlin. Barges on the river. Chicken goes beyond Rod ashore. Rally prior to the Schöneberg Town Hall. Adenauer speaking at the lectern, half close quote. "Berlin, Berlin, friends! The Parliamentary Council in Bonn is the invitation to Berlin from inner heart urge and filled with gratitude for your struggle for your suffering, for your patience, which has now led to the victories." People filling picture. Luise Schröder speaks interview. "My dear friends and girlfriends! You've heard just as many fine speeches, it is actually unnecessary, that also I still to you speak. But as you wish, so I wanted to say thanks to you with all my heart thanks for the loyalty that you stopped Berlin and the freedom in the last 10 months." People filling picture.
(189 m) 1st Berlin: the end of the blockade broadcaster. Soundsystem of the RIAs, people stand around the sound truck. People wave. S Bahn train from Depot. Train is the other way, Windows will be cleaned. Locomotive is decorated. Train departs. Gatow drive road rollers in the construction of the new runway. Rhein Main airport exit road rollers in the construction of a new runway. Giant airlifter C 97 provided for the regular flight service to Berlin. Cargo is loaded. Start. Flight over Berlin. Landing in the temple courtyard, great. Aircraft rolls out. Ernst Reuter, large, in favour of actuality desk WIF. "The lifting of the blockade is one of the greatest successes, the free world has been won in recent years. The prestige that the Berlin while the have won nine months of blockade by their endurance through their persistence, through their steadfastness, this viewing them to prove themselves have the energy, the diligence and perseverance with which they now, where the blockade stops approach rebuilding their city.
(91 m) 02 England: world class tennis women's singles: Miss quarter plays against Joan Curry. Spectators close to half. Joan WINS Curry in three sets. Men's singles: The player Cochet, France, and Pedro Masip, Spain, side by side, half-close. Game. Masip WINS. Curry and Pedro Masip Joan get big trophies. Curry and Masip with trophies side by side, half-close.
(41 m) 03 may beetles die Förster goes through low pine forest. Roots damaged by tree by white grubs. Cockchafer on leaves, large. Under the trees, horse pulls every which injects chemical compound to the top. Helicopter sprays Schädlingsmittel. Dead may beetles on the floor.
(34 m) 4th Holland: the time of the tulips Tulip bed. Driving scenes to Tulip beds past. Riding past on a barge to Tulip beds. Cars with tulips adorned the streets.
(33 m) 5th news from Germany a. Frankfurt: Farewell to General Clay Clay adopted by leading German Government officials. Dr. Köhler thanks clay, great. Clay, sitting, half-close. O Director Dr. Pünder speaks big. The Hessian Minister President Christian Stock speaks, great. Clay is Dr. Köhler, Dr Pünder and Christian Stock the hand. Clay is great.
(23 m) b. Reutlingen: auto show Mercedes 170 v demonstration of Vespa motor scooters. Renault 18 HP small car. New German small cars champion, single cylinder, two stroke engine. DKW master class. VW Beetle, VW vans and VW sport model.
(42 m) c. Bonn: Parliamentary Council adopts Constitution Carlo Schmid at the lectern, great. Among those present Heuss. Adenauer, half close to the talks. Vote on the Constitution with his hand. Carlo Schmid claps. The basic law, great. The black-red-gold flag will be hoisted on the buildings of the Parliamentary Council, great.
(31 m)

Narration

Narration (English)

Persons in the Film

Adenauer, Konrad; Clay, Lucius D.; Heuss, Theodor; Köhler, Erich; Pünder; Reuter, Ernst; Suhr, Otto; Schmid, Carlo; Schröder, Luise; Stock, Christian

Places

Reutlingen; Berlin; GRAFENWOEHR; Frankfurt; Ulm; Bonn; Cologne; Zone boundary; Hanover; Holland; Helmstedt

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen; Railways; Border DDR/BRD, borders; Justice; cameramen, cameramen; Emblems; Flags; Women, mothers; Musical events; Night; Plants; Political events; Radio, television; Pests and pest control; Shipping; Animals (except dogs); Watches; automotive engineering, automotive; automotive industry; maps; People; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen; Jobs; Exhibitions; Crew; Berlin blockade; Japan; aftermath of war

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Periodicals

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Welt im Film 207/1949

Country of Origin:
Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
13.05.1949
Year of Production:
1949

Credits

Technical Data

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70. Jahrestag Inkrafttreten des Grundgesetzes der BRD (24. Mai 1949)

Am 24. Mai 1949 tritt das Grundgesetz der Bundesrepublik in Kraft. Zwei Wochen zuvor war es vom Parlamentarischen Rat beschlossen und von den Alliierten genehmigt worden. Neun Monate lang hatten Vertreter der wieder zugelassenen demokratischen Parteien die rechtliche und politische Grundordnung für einen in der „Westzone“ zu gründenden demokratischen Staat erarbeitet. Da das Werk aber perspektivisch auf ein wiedervereinigtes Deutschland angelegt ist, wird sein provisorischer Charakter in der Präambel betont und bewusst auf den Begriff Verfassung verzichtet.

Eine besondere Bedeutung kommt den in den ersten 19 Artikeln verankerten Grundrechten zu, die die Wertordnung der Bundesrepublik widerspiegeln, vor dem Hintergrund des Nationalsozialismus aber vor allem als „Abwehrrechte“ des Bürgers gegen den Staat dienen und den Freiheitsraum des Einzelnen vor Übergriffen der öffentlichen Gewalt schützen sollen. Dazu gehören beispielsweise Menschenrechte wie die Menschenwürde oder die freie Meinungsäußerung und Bürgerrechte wie die Versammlungsfreiheit. Die folgenden Artikel schreiben die zentralen Prinzipien zum Wesen und zur Organisation des Staates fest.

Das Grundgesetz hat Priorität gegenüber allen anderen Gesetzen und kann nur mit einer Zweidrittelmehrheit sowohl des Deutschen Bundestages als auch des Bundesrates geändert werden. Seit seiner Verabschiedung erfährt es bisher rund 60 Modifikationen, die wesentlichsten davon im Zuge der Wiedereinführung der Wehrpflicht und der Schaffung der Bundeswehr im Jahr 1956 sowie mit der Verabschiedung der Notstandsgesetze von 1968, die von massiven Protesten der außerparlamentarischen Opposition begleitet werden.

Im Zuge der Wiedervereinigung kommt es zu einer Debatte um eine gesamtdeutsche Verfassungsgebung, an deren Ende das bestehende Grundgesetz mit nur marginalen Änderungen schließlich auf das Gebiet der damaligen DDR ausgedehnt wird.

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