Welt im Film 207/1949 13.05.1949
Special service: The blockade is like English Russian zone boundary At night. People. Occupation soldiers see on map. Cameraman turns. Reporter. Watch, great shows 24 hours. Barrier zone bordering opens. Cars drive through. Berlin sector boundary. Occupation soldier looks on watch. Barrier opens. Car drive over the border. The first Fernlastzug arrives in Berlin. WIF presented a wreath to the reception. Women shoveling away roadblocks. Town Council meeting in the Schöneberg Town Hall. Berliner Bär, great. Under the present Carlo Schmid, Adenauer, clay, half-close. Ernst Reuter speaks interview at the lectern. "I have today called the magistrates of the great Berlin, celebrate the lifting of the blockade, to make following statement: since midnight today the so-called technical traffic restrictions on the basis of agreements between the four occupying powers have stopped." In the town of road blocks and road checks have been removed." Clay on the lectern speaks interview: "I shall not use the english word goodbye, but rather try to say to you goodbye." Clay goes from the lectern and shaking hands with Ernst Reuter. In addition to Reuter is Suhr. Band Get up the helmstedt station on the 1 train Köln-Berlin. Train sign. Schaffner takes exit sign. Train departs. People waving from a train and the platform. May. Moving freight train. Train arriving Berlin Zoo station. Driver receives a bouquet of flowers. People wave at inter zone omnibus road. Control on the border of the zone. Lock is opened. Zone boundary sign. Gate opens at zone boundary. The first coal train arrives in Berlin. Barges on the river. Chicken goes beyond Rod ashore. Rally prior to the Schöneberg Town Hall. Adenauer speaking at the lectern, half close quote. "Berlin, Berlin, friends! The Parliamentary Council in Bonn is the invitation to Berlin from inner heart urge and filled with gratitude for your struggle for your suffering, for your patience, which has now led to the victories." People filling picture. Luise Schröder speaks interview. "My dear friends and girlfriends! You've heard just as many fine speeches, it is actually unnecessary, that also I still to you speak. But as you wish, so I wanted to say thanks to you with all my heart thanks for the loyalty that you stopped Berlin and the freedom in the last 10 months." People filling picture.
(189 m) 1st Berlin: the end of the blockade broadcaster. Soundsystem of the RIAs, people stand around the sound truck. People wave. S Bahn train from Depot. Train is the other way, Windows will be cleaned. Locomotive is decorated. Train departs. Gatow drive road rollers in the construction of the new runway. Rhein Main airport exit road rollers in the construction of a new runway. Giant airlifter C 97 provided for the regular flight service to Berlin. Cargo is loaded. Start. Flight over Berlin. Landing in the temple courtyard, great. Aircraft rolls out. Ernst Reuter, large, in favour of actuality desk WIF. "The lifting of the blockade is one of the greatest successes, the free world has been won in recent years. The prestige that the Berlin while the have won nine months of blockade by their endurance through their persistence, through their steadfastness, this viewing them to prove themselves have the energy, the diligence and perseverance with which they now, where the blockade stops approach rebuilding their city.
(91 m) 02 England: world class tennis women's singles: Miss quarter plays against Joan Curry. Spectators close to half. Joan WINS Curry in three sets. Men's singles: The player Cochet, France, and Pedro Masip, Spain, side by side, half-close. Game. Masip WINS. Curry and Pedro Masip Joan get big trophies. Curry and Masip with trophies side by side, half-close.
(41 m) 03 may beetles die Förster goes through low pine forest. Roots damaged by tree by white grubs. Cockchafer on leaves, large. Under the trees, horse pulls every which injects chemical compound to the top. Helicopter sprays Schädlingsmittel. Dead may beetles on the floor.
(34 m) 4th Holland: the time of the tulips Tulip bed. Driving scenes to Tulip beds past. Riding past on a barge to Tulip beds. Cars with tulips adorned the streets.
(33 m) 5th news from Germany a. Frankfurt: Farewell to General Clay Clay adopted by leading German Government officials. Dr. Köhler thanks clay, great. Clay, sitting, half-close. O Director Dr. Pünder speaks big. The Hessian Minister President Christian Stock speaks, great. Clay is Dr. Köhler, Dr Pünder and Christian Stock the hand. Clay is great.
(23 m) b. Reutlingen: auto show Mercedes 170 v demonstration of Vespa motor scooters. Renault 18 HP small car. New German small cars champion, single cylinder, two stroke engine. DKW master class. VW Beetle, VW vans and VW sport model.
(42 m) c. Bonn: Parliamentary Council adopts Constitution Carlo Schmid at the lectern, great. Among those present Heuss. Adenauer, half close to the talks. Vote on the Constitution with his hand. Carlo Schmid claps. The basic law, great. The black-red-gold flag will be hoisted on the buildings of the Parliamentary Council, great.
Persons in the Film
Sachindex Wochenschauen; Railways; Border DDR/BRD, borders; Justice; cameramen, cameramen; Emblems; Flags; Women, mothers; Musical events; Night; Plants; Political events; Radio, television; Pests and pest control; Shipping; Animals (except dogs); Watches; automotive engineering, automotive; automotive industry; maps; People; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen; Jobs; Exhibitions; Crew; Berlin blockade; Japan; aftermath of war
Translated by Microsoft Translator
Welt im Film 207/1949
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70 Years of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (May 24, 1949)
On May 24, 1949 the Federal Republic of Germany’s Basic Law goes into effect. It had been approved by the Parliamentary Council and sanctioned by the Allies two weeks earlier. Over the course of nine months representatives of the newly reinstated parties had worked out a legal and political order for a democratic state in the “Western zone”. They deliberately avoided the term “constitution” as the preamble emphasizes the provisional character of the work, which was to be an interim arrangement until Germany would be reunited.
The fundamental rights in the first 19 articles receive special attention. They reflect the values of the Federal Republic of Germany. With the ghost of National Socialism still looming in the background these rights are meant to protect the citizens from the state with so-called “defence rights”, and to protect the individual’s sphere of freedom from infringement by public authorities. This includes human rights, such as dignity of man and freedom of expression. The following articles lay down the central principles that reflect the essence and organization of the state.
The basic law takes precedence above all other laws and can only be amended by a two-thirds majority in the Bundestag as well as in the Bundesrat. Ever since its passage there have been around 60 modifications. The most important ones came with the re-introduction of military conscription and the creation of the Federal Armed Forces in 1956, as well as the ratification of the emergency law in 1968, which was accompanied by massive protests from the extra-parliamentary opposition.
In the course of the German reunification a debate ensues about a pan-German constitution. In the end the existing basic law undergoes only minor changes and is basically just broadened to include the territory of the former German Democratic Republic.
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