Welt im Film 249/1950 07.03.1950


01 updates soon a. Friedland: refugees from the Eastern German regions ethnic Germans from Poland go across the border. Train of settlers. Registration in the camp. Faces of refugees, large.
(25 m) b. Neumünster: groundbreaking ceremony of a refugee settlement as a gift of the unions start of construction of the Hans Böckler settlement. Dr. Hans Böckler lays foundation stone.
(19 m) c. spiked parade to combat spinal polio poster as a call to the collection. Paralyzed children in hospital and home. Red Cross collect sisters. Collection event.
(22 m) 02 sport a. Berlin: six days preparation in the Sports Hall at the radio tower. Berths are set. Review of bicycles, starting, rounds, shield bonus.
(29 m) b. Garmisch Partenkirchen: SC Riessersee ice hockey EV Füssen 5-4 game. Game scenes in front of goal. Shot on goal. Viewers. Players of huge Lake embrace after victory.
(28 m) 03. Hawaii: so one learns to Hula Hula girl dancing Hula Hula. Children dance Hula Hula.
(26 m) 04. After more than 10 years: The end of the map of food ration cards. Man takes off food Office signs. Ration cards are counted and stacked in sacks. Man wears bag. Young men with cylinder and Crown goodbye. Bags are loaded on carts. Horse neighs, great. Wreath is placed on cars. Official nutrition Office before empty shelves. Ration cards in paper mill.
(43 m) 5th Oberstdorf: ski flying week buses and people in Oberstdorf. People go to jump. Bounce track is put in order. Wind measurements using balloons and plumes. Ski jumper. Sepp Weiler before take-off. Jump Sepp Weiler 133 m. jump of Swiss of Andreas de shear 130 m (3.). Springer crashes. Springer. Crowds to the Hill. Nacario, Sweden, jump a new world record, 135 m. audience clapping, half-close. Nacario, half close, surrounded by autograph hunters. Nacario thrown up by comrades.
(86 m)


Narration (English)

Persons in the Film

Böckler, Hans ; Descher, Andreas ; Netzell, Dan ; Weiler, Sepp


Oberstdorf ; Garmisch-Partenkirchen ; Berlin ; Garmisch Partenkirchen ; Neumünster ; Friedland ; Munich ; Hawai'i ; Frankfurt


Sachindex Wochenschauen ; reference cards ; Refugees ; Cycling ; Ski, skiing, ski jumping ; sports audience, sports spectator ; sports facilities ; Dance ; Animals (except dogs) ; Medicine ; Welfare, aid agencies, care ; Home ; Hockey ; Cinema commercials ; Autographs ; construction ; Trade unions ; Traffic: pedestrians ; aftermath of war


Newsreel (G)



Translated by Microsoft Translator


Welt im Film 249/1950

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

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75 Years of Transit Camp Friedland (September 20, 1945)

Friedland is known worldwide as the „gate to freedom.“ No other place in the Federal Republic of Germany is connected to refugees, expellees, displaced persons and returning soldiers like this municipality in Lower Saxony. More than four millions people have come to Germany through here.

The British military government founds the establishment in light of the massive migration after the end of World War II. Situated on the premises of the agricultural research institute of the University Goettingen that had been moved to Friedland, it was meant to collect the data of arriving people and ensure that their transfer was regulated and coordinated. The location was crucial for the selection of the site: the borders of the Soviet, British and US-American occupation zones meet here and it is on the important rail route Hannover--Kassel. 

On September 20, 1945 the reception camp begins operation. The first arrivals are mostly refugees, expellees and displaced persons from the former German territories, but also war evacuees and POW who were released from Western Allies prisons. By the end of the year 500,000 people travel through Friedland, where they receive the important registration license, which they need to apply for new papers and be allotted work, dwelling and ration cards. By the mid-1950s Friedland takes centre stage for “return of the ten-thousand”, the arrival of the last German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union. In 1950 the “Operation Link” begins with intake of ethnic German emigrants from Eastern Europe. After the fall of the iron curtain many Jewish immigrants from the former USSR come to Friedland. Then there are many international refugees who arrive at the transit camp: from the Hungarian people’s uprising in 1956, to the coup against Allende’s democratic government in Chile in 1974 or the “Boat People” from Vietnam in the late 1970s. Now many refugees are taken care of as part of the UNHCR resettlement program.  Friedland is also the reception centre for asylum seekers in Lower Saxony. There were moments during the refugee crisis when it was critically overcrowded. Last year almost 13,000 people stayed here temporarily.

Since 2016 a museum researches and presents the transit camp’s history in the building of a former train station. 

More video clips on this subject

  • Welt im Film 249/1950

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 192/1953

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 206/1954

  • Welt im Bild 172/1955

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 299/1955

  • UFA-Wochenschau 82/1958

  • Deutschlandspiegel 41/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 97/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 226/1960

  • Die Zeit unter der Lupe 777/1964

  • UFA-Dabei 757/1971

  • UFA-Dabei 782/1971

  • UFA-Dabei 834/1972

  • Deutschlandspiegel 389/1987

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