UFA-Wochenschau 132/1959 03.02.1959
01 Bonn: 75th anniversary Federal President Theodor Heuss large tattoo of the Bundeswehr in front of the Villa Hammerschmidt. Close-up Heuss.
(28 m) 02. Bremen: tanker Hadrian in Norway passed. Test drive in the storm ship's Bell. Cabins. The Hadrian is the largest merchant ship, which was built in German shipyards after the war. The high seas, Hurricane gusts, waves hitting overboard. Arrival in Bergen. Radar screen. Flags. Boat equip. The Navy commander is on board. Norway's flag being raised.
(60 m) 03 Moscow: 21st Party Congress of the Communist party breakdown from NDW 471/4 - this shorter: Khrushchev on the lectern. Speech to the delegates from the USSR and members from 70 countries. 7-year plan will be presented to the Übertrumpfung of the West and series production of remote missiles. Clapping. Among the guests of Gomułka, Choo en Lai, Ulbricht.
(13 m) 04 Armenia: Polyteschnischer teaching young people visit Polytechnic courses in their spare time.
(9 m) 05. chemical plant in Siberia blasting. Chemical plant is to be built for synthetic rubber. Natural gas drilling.
(11 m) 06. Kazakstan: iron ore in open-pit mining excavator in use. Large demolition. Clouds of smoke.
(17 m) 07. curtain on! Porcelain manufacturing in show mountain on the border of the zone women in the manufacture of porcelain angels.
(13 m) 08 enamel art is formed according to the design of silver wire image set with enamel Crystal and melted.
(15 m) 09 Poland: images from plaster and scrap of waste creates artists paintings.
(9 m) 10 Hamburg: preparation for Li La Lerchenfeld decoration of the rooms.
(13 m) 11 Hamburg: Kunsthochschule Li La Lerchenfeld lot at Festival. Dance in costumes. Painting auction "the one-eyed sin".
(16 m) 12 Benther Berg at Hanover: German championship in the cyclo driver on the road. Ride through terrain. Forest. Wheels are worn. Falls. German champion will be like in the year Rolf Wolfshohl / Cologne. Big laurel wreath is put to him.
(26 m) 13. Davos: European Championships in figure skating pairs: Nina and Stanislav Schuk run and win silver. Marika Kilius and Hans Jürgen Bäumler run and win gold. They are European champions. Clapping.
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Persons in the Film
Sachindex Wochenschauen; Bundeswehr; Chemistry; Curling; Ice skating, art running; Border DDR/BRD, borders; Industry; Carnival; child care, education problems; Education, youth; Flags; Carnival; Political events; Radar; Cycling; Shipping; Ships; Schools, training; Blasting; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside); Technology; Art; Works of art; Technology, industry; Science; Jobs; Entertainment, festivals; Anniversaries, Jubilees, birthdays; Industrial; Technology; transport
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- Country of Origin:
- Federal Republic of Germany
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- Title brand Heuss' 75th birthday (tattoo) camera: Luppa, basic tanker Hadrian, test drive in the Orks origin: v. G. GA purchased material 21st Party Congress in Moscow origin: DEFA Polytechn. Lessons, Armenia origin: DEFA chemical plant in Siberia origin: DEFA iron ore in open-pit mining, Kazakstan origin: DEFA Flussregulierg. on the Terek, the Caucasus origin: DEFA curtain on! (Porzellanengelherstllg)
Camera: Seib enamel art camera: Rau images made of plaster and scrap metal origin: Polkronika Vorbereitg. such purple Lerchenfeld, Hbg. camera: pupil purple Lerchenfeld (art University ball) camera: student Radquerfeldein, German Championship camera: student, Seib skating Europameistersch. Davos camera: strong, Hafner, Rau final brand
Nikita Khrushchev’s 125th Birthday (* April 17, 1894)
The First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1953-1964) and Premier of the USSR (1958-1964) is remembered mostly for his impulsive performances. His outburst of rage in front of the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1960—when he supposedly bangs his shoe on the desk—is legendary. But Nikita Khrushchev is more than just the uncouth and bovine country bumpkin as which he is so often portrayed. Underestimated by many the metal fitter has a successful and seemingly silent rise up the party ranks. He is one of the few functionaries who survive all of Stalin’s purging campaigns. Three year’s after Stalin’s death Khrushchev instigates the de-Stalinization with his “secret speech” and introduces a period of domestic political détente—the so-called “Khrushchev thaw”. He releases a large number of inmates from the gulags and initiates an unprecedented number of economic, social, educational and cultural reforms.
For his foreign policy he applies the principle „peaceful co-existence“ in dealing with the west. Eager to win the competition between the systems in the scientific, technological and most of all economic realm, his mantra is „catch-up and overtake“. In order to break the ice with the enemy he and Richard Nixon meet up in July of 1959 and engage in the so-called „kitchen-debate“ about the advantages and disadvantages of communism and capitalism. A few months later he accepts an invitation by Eisenhower and is the first Soviet Premier to visit the USA.
At the same time Khrushchev wants to demonstrate the USSR’s claim of leadership of the “socialist world” and shift the world’s balance of power in its favour. In regards to the “German question” it’s his ultimatum in 1958 that provokes the Second Berlin Crisis. Three years later he agrees to the building of the Berlin Wall. In the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis the Soviet Union and the USA are on the brink of a nuclear war. Khrushchev is ousted in 1964 and replaced by Leonid Brezhnev, as some of his ambitious policies don’t yield the expected success—such as consumer goods production, the reorganization of agriculture or the development of unchartered territory in middle Asia—and many comrades fear that the radical restructuring of the party might result in their loss of power. Khrushchev spends the remainder of his life on his dacha near Moscow until his death in 1971.
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