UFA-Wochenschau 246/1961 11.04.1961

Synopsis

01 protest of the Berlin film industry against the amusement Tax facade "Atelier at the Zoo" with many people before, room inside, totally and with Helmut Käutner at the lectern. Actuality Helmut Käutner: "the pleasure, which pays the cinema, seems but morally or ethically to be absolutely questionable - and it used in addition with a penalty, called amusement tax."
(10:00:15 10:00:42) 02. price of film criticism in Munich the prices on a tray, ceremony at Kurt Hoffmann, Jochen Vogel applauds, Hubert von Meyerinck with the "Golden shell" for best supporting actress, Karin Baal award as best young actress, Marianne Koch as a spectator, for "A glass of water" - movie clip - Hilde Krahl, Herta Feiler as spectator, Heinz Rühmann is awarded the prize for best male actor for "The good Soldier Švejk" - clip.
(10:00:42 10:01:48) 03. Acheson at Adenauer American Special Envoy, Dean Acheson is at the airport Cologne/Wahn by Adenauer welcomes, cameramen, both prior to Adenauer's home in Rhöndorf, they go in.
(10:01:48 10:02:02) 04. MacMillan at the Kennedy White House, Kennedy and McMillan before, cameramen, family photo, British and American delegate, Kennedy and McMillan.
(10:02:02 10:02:11) 05. independence of Tanganyika (Tanzania)-cheering crowds in Dar es Salaam, Nyerere between English, laughing man with shield "complete independence in 1961".
(10:02:11 10:02:20) 06. Paul Robeson sings Lumumba anthem Robeson big sings in Moscow a Lumumba anthem, applause, Robeson a portrait of Patrice Lumumba.
(10:02:20 10:02:44) 07 Russian space dogs Cosmodrome, 2 dogs and white rats in the rocket capsule and a dog after the landing, at a press conference the numerous offspring of the space dogs is presented.
(10:02:44 10:03:01) 08. Eichmann trial I prison in Jerusalem, guards, barbed wire, courtroom, swivel on the bullet-proof glass cabin, large, photo by Eichmann, certificate with signature of Eichmann, pivoting about a deportation list, photos of a mother with children, Jews assigned to and a weeping woman before an SS man, swing on Eichmann destroyed Office in Berlin, the work space, debris and a wall frieze.
(10:03:01 10:03:43) 09 Schiller youth big report about a neo-Nazi youth organisation. 3. rich, post-war and Federal Republic of torchlight procession in Berlin before Hitler, Hitler driving the Mercedes on Nuremberg rallies, cheering, Hitler enters speaker's podium, Hitler Youth and BDM marching, healing crying Hitler Youth, Hitler on the balcony of the Reich Chancellery, Hitler big, swastika flags, burning houses, Wehrmacht marched, gun shootings and impacts, dead soldiers, burning car wreck, old woman in the snow. Young people in an exhibition on the 3. Rich, full and large heads, a procession of young people, concentration camp inmate after the liberation, pan across debris of houses, Church, 2 swastikas on walls-lubricated, star of David, Jewish House. Interview Carlo Schmid: "you should look out not only the Sudeleien, but also the reaction of countless people, above all the legions of young people of our people." (Next in the off unterschnitten with a protest Show me against racial hatred, a Memorial "The victims of national socialism" and young people with torches) It applies this to give you courage. We can't let these young people do not feel that they are alone, or were even among the hunted. (Further on) You should join them fraternally. This happens then the ghosts will be different with us." Talking about Goebbels and Hitler is great. Choir of Schiller youth with axes, bridge over the Neckar, guest house "Old Crown", 4 young people with bikes and axes before exhibition meet the Schiller youth in Heidelberg: many books of Nazi content, total and large models of fighter-bombers and Viking ships, many Runic badge of young man: "we may not wear a uniform, what we wear, is a gap. Therefore, we carry her because she seems to be the expression of the commonality, of shared will. This is the F-Rune, the sign of freedom and expression of sublimity will of of freedom of. This is the Odals-Rune, the character of the home ties and expression of the national will in all Nations." Old men in the Assembly of the Schiller youth heads. O young man: "it's enough! We know it by heart, what told you: leave us alone! "And the famous Goethe-Word began to guide us: the devil only not too makes me small, a man whom everybody hates, must be what." Interview Josef Goebbels: "Although the world hates him this man, but they envied also to this man!"
Voiceover young man: "we are not willing, our pride and our freedom to abandon, to reap the praise of our former adversaries, we were finally brought up to. Which one, are certainly among them which can still remember it being said to the Germans in the first time after the war, they killed 12 million Jews. And after the beautiful quote, who once was lying, it is not believed the has everything else also doubtful." This voiceover is unterschnitten with young and old people, partially covering her face, not to be recognized, applause, more spectators. O-ton age Nazi: "we can unleash the past of being raped by we cope with the present, to win the future. We To want be tiller for our Germany. I would like to conclude my brief words with my poem "The Ploughman" strongly behind the Pfluge I saw Act one, the hands holding the plow handle. The Earth gushed fragrant fresh from the pages and I realized; We To want further ploughing in the soul, the seed goes on, there comes a new time, destroyed all the big lies are, we are ready!" Applause.
Assembly of 7 heads of young people, unrelated to the Schiller youth.
(10:03:43 10:09:40)

Origin / Type of content

Narration

Persons in the Film

Acheson, Dean ; Adenauer, Konrad ; Baal, Karin ; Eichmann, Adolf ; Feiler, Hertha ; Goebbels, Josef ; Hitler, Adolf ; Käutner, Helmut ; Kennedy, John F. ; Koch, Marianne ; Krahl, Hilde ; McMillan, Harold ; Meyerinck von, Hubert ; Nyerere ; Peters, Hans Joachim ; Rühmann, Heinz ; Schmid, Carlo ; Robeson, Paul

Places

Heidelberg ; Berlin ; Munich ; Jerusalem ; France ; Israel ; Moskau ; Of the Congo ; Bonn ; Washington ; Tanganyika

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Industrial events ; Justice ; child care, education problems ; Education, youth ; filmmaking ; Musical events ; Political events ; Police ; Rockets ; Reviews ; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside) ; Animals (except dogs) ; War, prisoners of war ; Landscapes ; transport

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Weekly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

UFA-Wochenschau 246/1961

UFA-Dabei (Other title)

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
11.04.1961
Year of Production:
1961

Credits

Origin:
Title brand 7, 6 m protest gg. Amusement Tax d. bln. cinema (m. Helmut Käutner) camera: Pahl Preis d. film criticism, Munich camera: Vlasdeck, Hafner US-Sonderbotsch. Acheson b. Adenauer camera: basic MacMillan b. Kennedy origin: Metro Unabhängigkt. v. Tanganyika origin: Pathe news Paul Robeson sings anthem of Lumumba origin: Sovkino soot. Space dogs origin: Sovkino Eichmann trial, Jerusalem I camera: Woskowitz, Pahl origin: Polkronika Schiller youth camera: o Connor, Zakariah, Bech, Jürgens, Fidelius origin: Pathé news, German Federal Archives in Koblenz final brand 3, 1 m

Technical Data

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60 Jahre Beginn des Eichmann-Prozesses (11.04.1961)

Vor sechzig Jahren beginnt in Jerusalem der aufsehenerregende Prozess gegen Adolf Eichmann. Als Leiter des "Judenreferats“ IV B 4 im "Reichssicherheitshauptamt" war er im Dritten Reich für die Abwicklung der Deportation von Millionen von Juden verantwortlich. Nach Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs in Argentinien untergetaucht, wird der einstige SS-Obersturmbannführer dort vom Mossad aufgespürt und nach Israel entführt. Obwohl das Vorgehen auf Kritik des Sicherheitsrats der Vereinten Nationen stößt, erkennen die meisten Mitglieder das besondere Vorrecht des jüdischen Staates an, einen der maßgeblichen Koordinatoren des Holocausts zur Rechenschaft zu ziehen.

Nach neunmonatigen Ermittlungen wird vom israelischen Generalstaatsanwalt Gideon Hausner im Februar 1961 Anklage in 15 Punkten erhoben, darunter wegen „Verbrechen gegen das jüdische Volk“, „Verbrechen gegen die Menschheit“, „Kriegsverbrechen“ und „Mitgliedschaft in einer verbrecherischen Organisation“. Am 11. April 1961 wird dann das Hauptverfahren gegen ihn vor dem zuständigen Bezirksgericht in Jerusalem eröffnet. In 114 Sitzungen werden tausende Dokumente vorgelegt und über einhundert Zeugen aufgerufen. Vor allem die erschütternden Aussagen von Überlebenden der Konzentrationslager machen die Verfolgung und Vernichtung der europäischen Juden durch die globale Berichterstattung erstmals der breiten Öffentlichkeit bekannt. Denn zum ersten Mal in der Aufarbeitung der NS-Verbrechen wird ein Verfahren nicht nur in den Printmedien verfolgt, sondern international in Radio und Fernsehen übertragen. Etwa 500 Korrespondent*innen sind dafür vor Ort, unter ihnen die Philosophin Hannah Arendt, die in ihrem Buch Eichmann in Jerusalem den Begriff von der „Banalität des Bösen“ prägt.

Weil er nur auf Befehl gehandelt habe, beharrt der 55-jährige Angeklagte auf seiner juristischen Unschuld, räumt durch seine Mitwirkung an den Deportationen aber eine menschliche Mitschuld ein.

Der Prozess endet am 15. Dezember 1961 mit dem Todesurteil, das nach der Bestätigung durch das Berufungsgericht ein halbes Jahr später vollstreckt wird.

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