UFA-Wochenschau 261/1961 25.07.1961
Origin / Type of content
Persons in the Film
Bonnier, Joakim ; Bourgiba, Habib ; Brandt, Willy ; Chruschtschow, Nikita ; Eichmann, Adolf ; Grissom, Virgil I. ; Hammarskjöld, Dag ; Kennedy, John F. ; Lilje ; Nkrumah, Kwame ; Oelsner ; Scharf ; Traber ; Gurney, Dan ; Ireland, Innes
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; civil wars ; Bells ; close-ups, detail ; Justice ; Disasters ; motor sports ; natural disasters ; Press, press conferences ; Rockets ; Religious events ; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside) ; Debris ; Unrest ; Landscapes ; Technology, industry ; Medicine ; Variety ; Jobs ; Gastronomy ; Anniversaries, Jubilees, birthdays ; transport
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UFA-Dabei (Other title)
- Country of Origin:
- Federal Republic of Germany
Year of Production and/or Release
- Date of Release:
- Year of Production:
- Title 7, 6 m Evgl. Kirchentag in Berlin (Pres.. Sharp) camera: Pahl, Rieck Kennedy speech in Berlin origin: Metro US Astronaut Virgil Grissom origin: Metro Kwame Nkrumah when Khrushchev origin: Sovkino Hammarskjöld in Bourguiba origin: Gaumont Eichmann trial origin: Metro July 20 celebrations in Berlin camera: Pahl Congress of "Jehovah's witnesses", Hamburg camera: fire hurricane in San Sebastian origin: No.-do Traber force in Brunswick camera: o Connor, ice man car and motorcycle race solitude camera: basic final mark 3, 1 m
60-Year Anniversary of the Beginning of the Eichmann Trial (April 11, 1961)
Sixty years ago, the sensational trial of Adolf Eichmann began in Jerusalem. As head of the "Judenreferat" IV B 4 in the "Reichssicherheitshauptamt" (Reich Security Main Office), Eichmann was responsible for handling the deportation of millions of Jews in the Third Reich. After the end of World War II the former SS-Obersturmbannführer goes hiding in Argentina. There he is tracked down by Mossad and abducted to Israel. Although the United Nations Security Council criticizes the action, most members recognize the Jewish state's special prerogative to bring one of the leading coordinators of the Holocaust to justice.
In February 1961, after a nine month investigation, Israeli Attorney General Gideon Hausner brings charges on 15 counts, including "crimes against the Jewish people," "crimes against humanity," "war crimes," and "membership in a criminal organization." On April 11, 1961, the main proceedings against Eichmann begin before the Jerusalem district court.
Over the course of 114 sessions, thousands of documents are presented and over one hundred witnesses are called. Above all, the harrowing testimonies of concentration camp survivors make the persecution and extermination of European Jews known to the general public for the first time thanks to global reporting. For the first time in the process of coming to terms with the crimes committed by the Nazis, a trial is not only followed in the print media, but broadcast internationally on radio and television. Some 500 correspondents are covering the trial from Jerusalem, including the philosopher Hannah Arendt, who coins the term "banality of evil" in her book Eichmann in Jerusalem.
Having only acted on orders, the 55-year-old defendant insists on his legal innocence, but admits human complicity by participating in the deportations.
The trial ends on December 15, 1961 with the death sentence, which is carried out six months later after confirmation by the appeals court.