UFA-Wochenschau 264/1961 16.08.1961

Synopsis

01 German swim - Championships in Reutlingen, the men's 200 m crawl: launch big, start and persecutions, stop the winner Gerhard Hetz with new European record.
100 m backstroke of women: start, close-up, turn, stop the winner of Helga Schmidt.
(10:00:16 10:01:18) 02. art and diving in Reutlingen slow of men from the Tower, ladies of the Dreimeterbrett, 2. Ingeborg Busch, winner Angelika Hellwig, diving men's: second Friedrich, victory jump by Herbert Barendt, and as an added bonus a triple jump from the tower.
(10:01:18 10:02:21) 3rd artistic gymnastics European Championships in Luxembourg all recordings in slow motion: 2nd in the overall standings, 5 bars, rings, Philipp Fürst is on the pommel horse, the 3 Carmunicci on the parallel bars, the 2. Yurij Titow on the horizontal bar, the winner of Miroslaw Cairns on the bars, applause, Cairns kisses Titov.
(10:02:21 10:03:53) 04. Astronaut Titov in Moskau Chruschtschow welcomed the astronauts German Titow with a long brother Kiss, the parents of Titov, Titov kisses his family, spectators, Gagarin embraces Titov. Mass welcome the astronauts on the red square, Khrushchev, Gagarin and Titov greet Titov from the stands, passing with flags and banners of the astronauts, great passing, Titov and Gagarin, lot, Khrushchev, smiling.
(10:03:53 10:04:44) 05. Eastern refugees and blocking the sector boundaries, first report of the construction of the wall: young man behind barbed wire (the face on the border), Notaufnahmelager Marienfelde: shield, tent camp, receiving food, refugee and toddler sitting on their luggage, kid in the cart, refugee family on a s-Bahn station, rise in tram, arrives in Marienfelde. Situations: Exchange section between patrouillierendem Vopo behind Stacheldrahttverhau, men who read a special edition of the morning post before the Brandenburg Gate and headlines. Water cannons moving up, closed entrance of a suburban station, stops directly on the border of policeman, blank tracks, signal "Stop". Look in the East sector tanks travelled on and trucks. Vopos break up the asphalt at the Brandenburg Gate, build fences with concrete piles, roll of barbed wire, Vopos behind the fence and in a park lying, temporary wire mess blocked a road, Vopos behind it, shield "Potsdamer Platz", West Berlin, Soviet war memorial at the Brandenburg Gate in West Berlin police cars, tanks and two Russian soldiers on the Memorial, Allied soldiers and scenes behind the barbed wire, helicopter, post chain Vopos and Betriebskampfgruppen at the Brandenburg Gate, Look through the gate, several grades of West Berliners at the gate in the Exchange cut with the Vopos, Group West Berliners chanted: "Open the door!", West Berlin police officers, shouting "Referendum", East Berlin Betriebskampfgruppen necklace, feet large in white socks and slippers,-everything always in the exchange between East and West. Water cannons in activity in the sector border, water cannon big recent drop, with Vopos calls "open the door!" Amount will be rolled back to the "street of the 17th of June", Vopos store total to Brandenburg Gate behind the Brandenburg Gate, and the young man behind barbed wire discusses Quadriga, policeman with binoculars under a wheel of the Quadriga, post chain and number of water cannons at the Brandenburg Gate, weeping woman with Vopos in multiple settings.
(10:04:45 10:09:01)

Origin / Type of content

Narration

Persons in the Film

Barendt, Herbert ; Busch, Ingeborg ; Chruschtschow, Nikita ; Gagarin, Juri ; Titow, German ; Carminucci ; Cerar, Miroslaw ; Fürst Philipp ; Müller, Friedrich ; Hellwig, Angelika ; Hetz, Gerhard ; Klein, Hans-Joachim ; Schmidt, Helga ; Titov, Yuri

Places

Berlin ; Moskau ; Reutlingen ; Luxembourg

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen ; civil wars ; Border DDR/BRD, borders ; Escape ; Refugees ; Posters, fonts, banners ; Advertising ; Swimming ; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside) ; diving ; Gymnastics ; Unrest ; Art ; transport

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Weekly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

UFA-Wochenschau 264/1961

UFA-Dabei (Other title)

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
16.08.1961
Year of Production:
1961

Credits

Origin:
Title brand 7, 6 m German swimming Meistersch. + Art Tower jumping, Reutlingen camera: strong, Vlasdeck artistic gymnastics European Championships, Luxembg.
Camera: Basic, Zakariah astronaut Titov in Moscow origin: Sovkino East refugees + blocking the Berlin sector border + end title camera: Pahl, Pahl, Jürgens

Technical Data

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60th anniversary of the construction of the Berlin Wall (August 13, 1961)

On Sunday, August 13, 1961, GDR security forces sealed off the sector border in Berlin on the orders of Walter Ulbricht, Chairman of the Council of State. Early in the morning, stone blockades and barbed wire entanglements were erected, which guarded construction crews would replace over the next few days by with a two-meter-high wall. The S-Bahn and U-Bahn lines between East and West were cut, and the number of border crossing points got reduced to a minimum.

The inner-German border had already been closed since the 1950s, now Berlin was divided as well. Until then, about half a million people had crossed the sector borders every day. 50,000 East Berliners were now cut off from their jobs in the West; friends and families were literally separated overnight. Discontent and spontaneous protests erupted on both sides. Attempts to get past the barriers produced dramatic scenes.

With the construction of the Wall, the GDR leadership sought a way out of the dire situation that had arisen in 1961, particularly as a result of the continuing mass exodus to the West. Since the GDR had been founded twelve years earlier, one sixth of the total population - about three million people - had already left the country, mostly well-educated young workers and academics. The border closure was also intended to prevent the outflow of comparatively cheap goods and the weakening of the currency through illegal currency exchange.

While the Allies were caught off guard by the building of the Wall, they decided against a counter-reaction. They didn’t want to risk a third world war because of Berlin. Willy Brandt, mayor of the now cut-off western part of the city, appealed to the USA in its capacity as a protecting power. President Kennedy finally sent his deputy Lyndon B. Johnson and the hero of the airlift Lucius D. Clay to Berlin as a sign of solidarity.  Two years later the President himself came to visit the city.

More video clips on this subject

  • Deutschlandspiegel 83/1961
    31.08.1961

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 604/1961
    25.08.1961

  • UFA-Wochenschau 264/1961
    16.08.1961

  • UFA-Wochenschau 265/1961
    23.08.1961

  • UFA-Wochenschau 266/1961
    29.08.1961

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