UFA-Wochenschau 265/1961 23.08.1961
01 Mecki film of choice the same dial spot like in WIB 61/16 (10:00:14 10:01:29) 02. electoral preparations / special session of the Bundestag swivel on the facade of the Federal Statistical Office in Wiesbaden, employees look through nominations, nominations list with data of Konrad Adenauer. Bundestag total, members of Parliament, Government Bank. Actuality Konrad Adenauer: "we are not alone in the world, the right Get up our page, and the peoples of the world who love freedom stand on our side." Applause. Actuality of Willy Brandt: "I must ask from this place welcome now orders are given to Berlin."
(10:01:29 10:02:15) 03 second Berlin report Russian War Memorial in West Berlin: seen through barbed wire on the blurred silhouette of the figure of the soldier, patrolling Russians, details of the monument behind barbed wire, English soldiers guarding the monument, half total feet tall, total. Border: Vopos rolled out barbed wire and attach it to concrete pillars.
Protest event prior to the Schöneberg Town Hall: signs the East Berlin district of Treptow and Köpenick with barbed wire, speaker stands, City Hall in the flag jewelry with crowd, mass total, Willy Brandt speaks big (dumb) people with many banners, transparent "Kennedy to Berlin", great.
Bonn: Vice President Johnson is greeted Lyndon B. on the gangway of his aircraft, from Adenauer, German army orchestra plays the American anthem, Johnson and Adenauer during the anthems, federal border guards saluted, shake-hands of Adenauer and Johnson on the terrace of the Federal Chancellery. Johnson in Berlin: salutes his rolling out plane in Tempelhof, US company Johnson is greeted by Brandt, shooting guns past salut, ride through Berlin, first and foremost a large motorcycle escort, drive to cheering Berliners, Johnson goes alongside Brandt hands through crowd, 300000 Berlin prior to the Schöneberg Town Hall, kids think big letters: "Freedom", actuality Johnson "... we want you to know..." (without translation), listeners, politicians, Johnson Lucius B. clay presents, cheers.
Potsdamer Platz: Pan from plate "warning! You are now leaving Berlin"Vopos and Betriebskampfgruppen, the concrete pillars set up, Very much good Assembly of different Goßaufnahmen of working on the border. Helmstedt: Swivel closes to the raising of the American flag, US convoy on the border, fire, boy under US soldiers waiting Turnpike, close-ups gets waiting U.S. soldiers, German Customs officers, they climb on the trucks, the Turnpike opens and the convoy moves across the border.
Johnson in Berlin: US flag in front of a House, Johnson and Brandt cheered in front of the House, driving in an open car through Berlin, boy rollert waving on the sidewalk alongside, the two in the car great, people cheering from a bridge. Change of interface between wheels of the convoy and the Jubilee trip of Johnson and Brandt Berlin, Johnson at the control point dreilinden, arrival of AMIS and triumphal ride through Berlin, Johnson with flower bouquets in the hands. Limit: Three close-ups of "Operating fighters", razor wire on a street, flüchtender policeman jumps in full gear over the barbed wire and into a police car, police officer the discarded gun of the Vopos picks up, looking East, departure of the police car.
The US convoy in Berlin: One million Berliners welcome the convoy, accompanied by a motorcycle escort Berlin police officers driving the convoy through the Ku-Damm, different types of vehicles driving through the trellis jubelnder Berlin, Ku-Damm Memorial Church and watch of the Church, cheering with convoy in many great settings.
On the wall: Wall, Potsdamer Platz total, half total and big with sign "End" behind the wall, the wall between the West Berlin police and Vopos, shield "Bernauer Straße", a woman picks up baggage that is thrown out of a House at Bernauer Straße, street wall, two women walk with luggage across the road. Johnson in Marienfelde refugee camp: Johnson is wedged into his car by the crowd, long shots and Halbtotalen, Johnson with a small girl on his arm and waving, departs, chasing the amount.
Berlin-Staaken: Many Vopos on the border fortifications, armoured vehicle with FDJ flag, English soldiers West side with tanks drive on tanks, West Berlin children on the tanks, Cannon and Cannon, Vopos work on the barbed wire.
Adenauer in Berlin: Adenauer on the gangway from his plane in Tempelhof, Willy Brandt welcomed, cameramen, shake hands. Ostzonaler Soundsystem on Potsdamer Platz, cameramen at the wall, Adenauer at the border, including speaker sound: "Mr. Chancellor, we take the liberty here to welcome you." We have acted. We were so free!" Wall, Brandenburger Tor, Adenauer climbs out of his car, including East speaker with the song from the "old Chief of the Indians", more shots of Adenauer and his entourage, including Lakshmana Rao and Alberts at the wall, cameramen, visit in Marienfelde, Adenauer is surrounded by refugees.
Rally prior to the Schöneberg Town Hall: banner "Berlin is free", participant, totals and Tower of the Schöneberg Town Hall - backed everything with the Germany song and big ringing the Liberty Bell at the end.
Origin / Type of content
Persons in the Film
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Demonstrations ; Border DDR/BRD, borders ; close-ups, detail ; Escape ; Refugees ; Posters, fonts, banners ; Political events ; Advertising ; Special reports ; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside) ; Buildings ; Viewers and audience ; transport
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UFA-Dabei (Other title)
- Country of Origin:
- Federal Republic of Germany
Year of Production and/or Release
- Date of Release:
- Year of Production:
- Title brand 7, 6 m Mecki film of choice + preparations for elections + special Bundestag session (Adenauer and Brandt orig. tone) camera: strong, Seib, Pahl origin: Archive Soviet. Memorial to Kundgebg. Schöneberg Town Hall origin: Berlin reports US Vicepräs. Johnson in Bonn, Berlin US troops near helmstedt and Berlin cement pillars set Johnson's sightseeing policeman escape over barbed wire Johnson on the Kudamm wall and flüchtd. Family Brit. Tank & anti-tank guns of Adenauer's arrival in Berlin Adenauer at the Brandenburg Gate of Adenauer in the Notaufnahmelager Town Hall market and end mark
60th anniversary of the construction of the Berlin Wall (August 13, 1961)
On Sunday, August 13, 1961, GDR security forces sealed off the sector border in Berlin on the orders of Walter Ulbricht, Chairman of the Council of State. Early in the morning, stone blockades and barbed wire entanglements were erected, which guarded construction crews would replace over the next few days by with a two-meter-high wall. The S-Bahn and U-Bahn lines between East and West were cut, and the number of border crossing points got reduced to a minimum.
The inner-German border had already been closed since the 1950s, now Berlin was divided as well. Until then, about half a million people had crossed the sector borders every day. 50,000 East Berliners were now cut off from their jobs in the West; friends and families were literally separated overnight. Discontent and spontaneous protests erupted on both sides. Attempts to get past the barriers produced dramatic scenes.
With the construction of the Wall, the GDR leadership sought a way out of the dire situation that had arisen in 1961, particularly as a result of the continuing mass exodus to the West. Since the GDR had been founded twelve years earlier, one sixth of the total population - about three million people - had already left the country, mostly well-educated young workers and academics. The border closure was also intended to prevent the outflow of comparatively cheap goods and the weakening of the currency through illegal currency exchange.
While the Allies were caught off guard by the building of the Wall, they decided against a counter-reaction. They didn’t want to risk a third world war because of Berlin. Willy Brandt, mayor of the now cut-off western part of the city, appealed to the USA in its capacity as a protecting power. President Kennedy finally sent his deputy Lyndon B. Johnson and the hero of the airlift Lucius D. Clay to Berlin as a sign of solidarity. Two years later the President himself came to visit the city.