01 Theodor Heuss +-Bookshelf with books. Looking back at the life of Heuss. Heuss reading. Picture of young Heuss. Heuss at the desk in his Office. Profile (large) with cigar. Swearing-in as first President in 1949. Visit in England and Greece. In addition to Queen Frederica and as a painter. In addition to his wife Elly Heuss Knapp. Visit with Lübke in America, with a doctorate and the Kieler Woche. With Stoll (original sound). As the gymnasts (o-ton) speakers. In honour of Professor Hahn. As a passerby on the street. Gallo before the Bundestag (original sound) "He has rendered to the fatherland." Heuß big.
02. advent in East Berlin - national police before the Memorial. Changing of the guard. The State Opera, the Hedwig Church. Passers-by on the street. Soldiers from a subway entrance. Mohammed Adnan interviewed soldiers (original sound) and the population. An old woman with headscarf is across the street. Feet of walking people. Soldier boots. Christmas trees will be sold to the Alexander Platz. A child pick out a Christmas tree? People queue in front of a store. Christmas Star (large) as decoration. Slipper in Christmas decorated shop Windows. A woman with Hat sees in a shop window. Mannequin, substances. Shield, "Karl Marx bookstore". "Pour shield your relatives and friends in Germany our humanist literature". People in front of book displays in the store. 3 books-filling image "Inflation", "The car of the Jew". Soldiers and people in a Christmas exhibition in the Hall of the sport. Slogans on the walls. Young pioneers hammer and play chess. One rides on a bicycle a bicycle mounted. A man fighting a punching ball and shows his child with boxing gloves, how to box. Cars and military vehicles as toys. Mohammed Adnan interviewed children "What you wish"? Close-up shots of different children. The Christmas market with decorated fir trees and carousels. Santa Claus. Kinderkarussel with tram of and the inscription "only in the peace of our children can be happy." Children and soldiers at shooting ranges. 2 children with ski and sled go over a snowy place. The construction site of the State Council building with scaffolding. The ruins of the Cathedral. A large sign "DDR - this is the future of Germany."
Title brand of 7, 6 Theodor Heuss + existing obituary advent in East Berlin camera: Pahl, Jackson finally brand 3, 1
Theodor Heuss's former Federal President Theodor Heuss is dead. Four years after he resigned from the Council, us remains. to remind ourselves: the hands of an artist, in the mind of a scientist and writer, a big magnanimous man's heart, and the formative power of a politician and statesman. Let us continue: the privations of the war were still his face, as Heuss 1949 was sworn in by Federal President Köhler as the first President of the Federal Republic of Germany.
And then began the difficult task of a despised race, to represent a destroyed country for Theodor Heuss. In England, they received him as the appointed representative of the new of a better Germany.
Greece - one of the sunniest travel stations of the Federal President. It was the visit to a spiritual home for humanists Heuss. Drawing pad and pen were his constant companions. in 1952, his life learned the profound change, as his girlfriend Elly Heuss-Knapp died.
It was for Heuss now to continue the heavy and lonely path alone. He survived all honors, which held the world for him, with dignified resignation, that certain also his relationship to the cameramen of the newsreels.
"We have struggled together with us, and I have become good and everything with me let happen."
Heuss again charmed by his understanding, even for the more intimate needs of his environment and his impromptu speeches are a lively humour and gentle irony: "it is generally recognized in Germany that the Daume is a Very much a nice guy. But he just fucked me the initial point of my speech.
When I became President, my wife - who was a wise woman - told me: you will have to fight a bitter battle against the just in the year 48/49 found hit "the Theodor stands in the soccer goal". I told her: love Elly, so I can handle. The others have meant there stupidly, he stand in the Federal goal. "So, well I'm also I've been but at least a reasonably skilled gatekeepers to some standing in the Federal goal, although not a trained in these 10 years."
Also the homage to his friend Otto Hahn was one of the most moving moments. In Theodor Heuss, the ideal of a bourgeois liberal, democratic State idea is realized. What failed Weimar remained, not least created Heuss for the Federal Republic. It was lucky to have had him."Theodor Heuss has rendered to the fatherland."
Visiting for the first time since August 13 we are in East Berlin to film shooting in East Berlin. Christmas 1963. It is Saturday. Outdoor temperature 8 degrees below zero.
Our hike through the Communist part of town begins "Unter den Linden". The guards of the Nationale Volksarmee freeze before the Memorial. We observe the changing of the guard at 13: 00.
Opposite, behind the well restored National Opera, the rebuilt Church of Hedwig.
At Alexander Platz, only a little later. The shops are open longer today. We see A lot of military. Two days prior to the agreement on the issue of the pass we do interviews. "We come from Germany by the UFA Wochenschau and want to ask you: what is your greatest desire at this time?"
"So my biggest wish now is that Of course again it all comes together - and a unified Germany is that we agree so peacefully together and that everything will be peaceful again."
"I think first and foremost, that it comes to keep the peace and to do everything to keep peace - which is also my task as an officer of the national people's army."
"I can be together again with all the relatives, that is my biggest wish actually."
"That my brother from West Berlin can visit me, to the East."
"Well, that I could visit my father and my brother." "And where your father and your brother live?" "In Herdecke at the Ruhr."
"Yes, I have my grandmother over in West Germany and that would be my greatest wish just to see her again, or to be with her again. Christmas to celebrate together because Yes it is a family celebration and it's not nice, everything is together."
"That we post over there again and the others here can come!"
The old people notice us in the pedestrian flow. In addition, the clothing has noticeably improved.
At the Alexanderplatz, where begins the Lenin Avenue. Christmas trees are sold, they cost between 2, 50 and 10 East-mark. You can see them the märkischer sand.
Before the Schuhhaus "Center" a human snake. Shoe delivery has caused them.
Here in the almost Western gloss of the Karl-Marx-Allee, formerly Stalin-Allee, many come from outside to the shopping. The decorations are cute, but with accents.
We find clear indications in the Karl-Marx-Buchhandlung: you give your relatives and friends in Germany our humanist literature.
Books are bought in A lot.
On the other side of the road in the Hall of the sport. Here, too, we see many soldiers. They belong to the guests of a Christmas show for the youth.
Many stalls are decorated by slogans - and cared for by young pioneers. Ulbricht said: be bold in thinking - brave in the sport - and happy playing.
Anywhere you feel a smooth influence of youth by the State. You study attentively the weaponry of the people's army. We asked A few children: "What do you wish now for Christmas?" "That my aunt can come across." "A shooting gun!" - "A what?" - "Shooting gun!" - "and what yet?"-"Tractor."
To the House of sport, at the Karl-Marx-Allee: The traditional Christmas lights and sounds in all colors and sounds.
On the children's roundabouts, slogans noticed us. Emblems and country colors change remarks: our children can be happy only in peace.
The society for sport and technology operates shooting galleries to the education of youth. After two days in Berlin we walk the way back to West Berlin - over at the construction project of building of Council of State. The thermometer goes down in the evening to 10 degrees below zero. On the Marx-Engels-Platz, next to the ruins of the Cathedral, an icy wind blows.