UFA-Dabei 782/1971 20.07.1971


01 stock Friedland and visit by Federal President Heinemann arrival of Poland Germans: several settings. Disembarking from the railway children and baggage. Shield: "Grenzdurchgangslager Friedland", swivel on evacuees, that pass through the camp gate. Heinemann, half total with settlers from barracks. Girl presented him with flowers. Heinemann half total speech and totally at a small desk.
Actuality: "you now have lived since the war in their homeland as a minority and had to fight, who have to endure minorities anywhere in this world with all the difficulties. Can push anyone into the situation of new citizens. You are in the Federal Republic of Germany with the same rights and same duties as all other. full citizens" Several settings of evacuees listening to during the speech and the camp immediately. Heinemann enters children's game room, sitting between children. Children swing on mothers. Poland Germans describe the living conditions on question boerner (German newsreel) in Poland after the submission of relocation.
Sound bites: "There my Department where I worked, was reported then, that she To give the lowest wages and difficult work me, so that the harassment of the day started, where I then put the request." - "we told you about difficulties in Poland, you will have here in the Federal Republic?" - "no, officially not." - "to hear it was, that earn less and BB´s will not go to Germany now how us in Poland. "Yes, that we did not think Yes never." - "that we be treated in Germany as second class people they told us something, robbers guns, tell me that we didn't believe Yes." - "and you To want times within a few years back as a tourist?" - "Maybe." Close-ups of the respondents.

02. Hydrofoil "Tucumcari" descriptions of El Mundo 456/3 hydrofoil Tucumcari drive totally and half total. Swivel in the commando. Hands of distracting driving that big. Driving record, parts of the ship is visible. Bow and stern waves. Drive past at buoy. Tucumcari total and close in the past,. This is shorter.

03. Bremen: Start of the VFW-614 VFW 614 on the ground when checking by engineers. Viewers behind fence. Total spectators. Enter fitters. Machine totally in the roles of turning. Start the machine, totally. Shooting in the air totally by escort out. Bow and stern respectively close. Landing VFW 614 on the runway of the brake screen is raised.

04. Poland: Refinery fire several settings of the strong smoke burning refinery. Fire-extinguishing foam is gushing out, great. Hose. Firefighters with hoses. Foam flakes fly past. Firefighters wading in the foam carpet up to the neck. Unloading operations.

05. Hamburg: art factory pan on factory building. Damaged front. Caption: "Karl G. Weber KG, machine industry". Several interior shots at prepare the rooms for the new purposes. Beat band playing in the foreground playing children. Pan across spectators in the Gallery on the beat band. Viewers, father with a child on his shoulders. Various interior shots with audience, pan across pottery on the Potter at work on the Potter's wheel. Art exhibition: Paintings on the walls. Theatrical scenes with members of young Theatre from Göttingen. O-ton: O God, My god, have mercy on me! "- Hey, Hey, hey." Man proposes with Clapper on cowbells, image exchange with girls clapping to the rhythm, close. Several settings of different performances.

06. Cologne: Men's fashion boy going up stairs by great Hall, long gang, actuality underscored scenes with his original sound: "I name Detlef and I am 8 years old and I live in Cologne." Because as ´ is fashion show with men ne and I should go and do most things." Several settings of the audience at tables, including Joachim Fuchsberger which is complimented by different masters as best dressed man. Applause. The little boy in the dressing room with male model in the changing rooms, cloakroom attendant attracts him. Dressmen MIDI coats and hats and the child on stage, total. Representation of jackets and suits. The little boy takes the stage alone and is brought back from the dresser. Older male model with highly checkered jacket, great. Outdoors: Dressman moving rhythmically, several settings. A young boy enters the tram. All backed with the original sound of a child saying to.
Interview: "I quite many people saw, newspaper people and other people. They were talking A lot and there came a man on the stage, she congratulated all the, because he is always so well dressed. And then we all have clapped and because people have moved ever. Aunt Elizabeth has always moved me, and we had been looking for ever a tie for me. We had to always on stage and go out and introduce ourselves. Best enjoyed with the MIDI coat and because I where small bin, the great sent out always me. Once aunt Elisabeth brought back me, because I was went off too early. There was an older gentleman, and, which was a very nice jacket. Most jackets have lots of buttons and big pockets and slits on the sides and A few have so beautiful patterns."

Origin / Type of content


Persons in the Film

Boerner, Hans Jürgen ; Fuchsberger, Joachim ; Heinemann, Gustav


Poland ; Camp Friedland ; Bremen ; Hamburg ; Cologne ; Germany ; Friedland


Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Returnees, evacuees, Outlander ; Interviews ; Disasters ; Fire ; Refugees ; aircraft ; Musical events ; Shipping ; Cultural events ; Art ; Distributed ; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen ; Fashion ; transport


Newsreel (G)


Weekly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator


UFA-Dabei 782/1971

UFA-Wochenschau (Other title)

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
Year of Production:


Gustav Rafeeque m Friedland camera: fire, Jürgens hydrofoil "Tucumcari" camera: Jackson start d. VFW Jet 614 in Bremen camera: Brandes, Ahsendorf Refinery fire in Poland origin: Polkronika art factory in Hamburg camera: L., Rühe origin: Germany mirror menswear in Cologne camera: L. at the beginning and end of total length

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75 Years of Transit Camp Friedland (September 20, 1945)

Friedland is known worldwide as the „gate to freedom.“ No other place in the Federal Republic of Germany is connected to refugees, expellees, displaced persons and returning soldiers like this municipality in Lower Saxony. More than four millions people have come to Germany through here.

The British military government founds the establishment in light of the massive migration after the end of World War II. Situated on the premises of the agricultural research institute of the University Goettingen that had been moved to Friedland, it was meant to collect the data of arriving people and ensure that their transfer was regulated and coordinated. The location was crucial for the selection of the site: the borders of the Soviet, British and US-American occupation zones meet here and it is on the important rail route Hannover--Kassel. 

On September 20, 1945 the reception camp begins operation. The first arrivals are mostly refugees, expellees and displaced persons from the former German territories, but also war evacuees and POW who were released from Western Allies prisons. By the end of the year 500,000 people travel through Friedland, where they receive the important registration license, which they need to apply for new papers and be allotted work, dwelling and ration cards. By the mid-1950s Friedland takes centre stage for “return of the ten-thousand”, the arrival of the last German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union. In 1950 the “Operation Link” begins with intake of ethnic German emigrants from Eastern Europe. After the fall of the iron curtain many Jewish immigrants from the former USSR come to Friedland. Then there are many international refugees who arrive at the transit camp: from the Hungarian people’s uprising in 1956, to the coup against Allende’s democratic government in Chile in 1974 or the “Boat People” from Vietnam in the late 1970s. Now many refugees are taken care of as part of the UNHCR resettlement program.  Friedland is also the reception centre for asylum seekers in Lower Saxony. There were moments during the refugee crisis when it was critically overcrowded. Last year almost 13,000 people stayed here temporarily.

Since 2016 a museum researches and presents the transit camp’s history in the building of a former train station. 

More video clips on this subject

  • Welt im Film 249/1950

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 192/1953

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 206/1954

  • Welt im Bild 172/1955

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 299/1955

  • UFA-Wochenschau 82/1958

  • Deutschlandspiegel 41/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 97/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 226/1960

  • Die Zeit unter der Lupe 777/1964

  • UFA-Dabei 757/1971

  • UFA-Dabei 782/1971

  • UFA-Dabei 834/1972

  • Deutschlandspiegel 389/1987

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