30 years after the war: I roll origin: Polkronika roll II origin: Polygoon role III at the beginning and end of total length
This policy: ' 30 years war ' war cemeteries across Europe mark the way to a future in which war will be a fading metaphor for violence and suffering. Maybe. Hopes are allowed. Europe has since thirty years peace, unstable endangered un although and accompanied in the eastern half of the continent by pressure and lack of freedom. But the great war as a concrete danger seems transfixed. Too much is at stake for the Europeans in the West and the East. The great war, its beginning and its end, are never forgotten. 30 years press, radio and television, but also the newsreel pull historical balance sheet of the European States. We chose two newsreels as - the Polish and Dutch. Two neighbors and victims of the Germans look back. We have literally translated the original comment.
' 1939, when the Nazis overran us, we had nothing to counter them than the courage of despair. We had to fight alone, poorly armed and abandoned by our allies. The Prussian urge East rolled over in the German fascism. Long before the world realized that mass murder was committed in Poland we were eye-witnesses of mass murderers. Human rights have been deprived of the Polish people. Was the Nazibefehl: these creatures are not human. People are just friends of Germans of the 'leader' Adolf Hitler.
The leaders of the Third Reich on a parade in Warsaw.
While the Nazi in Brussels and Paris, Belgrade and Athens invaded, the extermination of the Polish nation began in the camps of Auschwitz and Majdanek.
Poland never stopped fighting. In the occupied Polish fighters broke the enemy lines and disrupted the supplies for the German Eastern front. Polish soldiers fought in Norway, France and England for the freedom.
Stalingrad. This city was a milestone in the history of mankind. The great battle on the Volga River changed the course of the war. He brought courage and hope to all Nations in occupied Europe. For the first time Hitler's army defeat suffered - a serious blow to the Third Reich.
The first units of the Polish people's army have been compiled on the Oka River in the USSR. They received the weapons from the Soviet allies. The brotherhood between Polish and Soviet soldiers was born not on the Papiker, but in heavy fighting.'
' Holland: 1940 Salgado-Inquart, the just appointed German Governor for the Dutch occupied territories, takes office in the Hague.
Shortly after Rotterdam had been taken under fire. The heart of this helpless town was completely destroyed.
German troops occupy our land. The residents observe the invasion of the Germans with fear and silence. The National Socialist movement in the Netherlands, which is known as the Nazi ideology and collaborated with the Germans, was hated by the population for this.
The German-ruled Holland for five years. They introduced a compulsory work service before but pushed many young people. The Dutch were called in the police barracks to learn german.
High German politicians, like the leader of the SS, Himmler, visited the Netherlands regularly. Himmler was received at the headquarters of the Dutch Nazis like a King.
Next to Hitler, Himmler was the real responsible for the persecution of the Jews.
In Amsterdam, the Jews were drawn together. Each of them was wearing a star of David. The Germans displaced about 100,000 Dutch Jews. They were transported in railway wagons to Poland and murdered in the gas chambers.
In occupied Holland, only the use of hot-air and wood gas generator was allowed to motorists. Gasoline is there only for the Germans.
The first illegal newspaper in Holland appeared in 1940. You riefenzum resistance against the Germans on. Acts of sabotage were the result. Hundreds of resistance fighters were shot court-martialled.
Fearing British American invasion, the Germans built the Atlantic wall. Previously, all residents of coastal areas were evacuated. But also this fortification wall could not prevent the invasion. The allies in Normandy landed on June 6. Also Western and Northern France paid a high price for their freedom. Maastricht was the first Dutch city that was free.
On September 17, 1944 landed British, American and Polish paratroopers near the city of Arnhem.
Prince Bernhard and the German commander of West-Holland signed the Kapitualtionsurkunde: Nazi Germany had lost the war. Five years of the occupation, the deportations and executions, of terror, of fear and hunger were over.
The hated icons were destroyed, the German offenders and their Dutch henchmen arrested.
The Netherlands were free. The military leaders of the allied powers, the generals Eisenhower and Montgomery were greeted stormy.
Thirty years have now passed, and the question is: we there now to our country, in 1975?
The democratic freedoms are restored.
We can say what we want, and we can choose who we want.
We can read what we want, we have the fundamental right to freedom of information. The Netherlands have become an important industrial State. We have a healthy currency and are part of the free West. Which implies that we have become a part of the consumer society in which everyone from a status symbol to another chases.
We remember on the 30th anniversary of the end of the war therefore the year 1945.