01 Frankfurt: Frankfurt book fair Federal Minister Egon Bahr says, quote: "this is a continent in the third world at the heart of the Frankfurt book fair for the first time. We hope that Latin America, in the Federal Republic of Germany has something to say us with its literature, with his music, with its decisions on the own way in Europe, in the industrialized world. Maybe we will hear then, what can help us better to see our problems caused by excess mechanisation, Überorganisation, and to overcome. "We expect the contribution of Latin America to the one world to which we all belong, and we have the hope that this will be the voice of the humanity of the dignity of the individual, its compounds to the environment." Books from Brazil. Photos, paintings and art objects from Latin America. Minister Bahr makes a tour with pen Club President Llosa. Representations of folklore. Interested to scroll in the books. Stand: Argentina. Picture book-tapes. Marilyn Monroe photo. Children's books. Sales pitches.
02. Germany: Federal Railroad Gleisschnellumbauzug a man blowing a horn. Trains whizzing past the Working Group "Quick renewal train" in driving scenes. Old rails are lifted hydraulically, then a driving device harvested the old threshold. The automatic threshold crane puts them on pallets. Portal cranes transport them on special wagons, where they are loaded ships. Passing passenger train. Quick conversion at work. Track-removal train is the rear part of the front part and Gleisverlegezug. After adjusting and tightening the mounting screws. Night shots with the renewal train. Seemed large, close.
03. Germany: housing modernization law building, building. Aerial photos of new construction areas. Various new buildings. Historic district. Weekly market. House wall need of renovation. Old buildings with damage. Bundestag, total. The Federal Minister for regional planning, building and urban development Karl Ravens talks about the new law, o-ton: "the new law will for the future housing and urban construction policy of trend-setting importance be. It should help to provide the population with good and low-cost housing and significantly improve the quality of older residential areas. "The modernization law, the urban development promotion Act and the new Federal building law create better conditions for that citizens in our cities and communities more - and where it is necessary to once again feel can." Renovated old buildings. Old buildings with scaffolding. Old buildings to be modernized. Bath, bath afterwards. Kitchen first, plan later. Children's playground. A few considered showcase. Shops.
Origin / Type of content
Frankfurt book fair camera: Jürgens, Rieck, Zakariah Bundesbahn Gleisschnellumbauzug camera: Jackson Wohnungsmodernisierungs law camera: Luppa, brighter at the beginning and end of total length
This culture: Premiere of a continent Federal Minister Egon Bahr: "this year is a continent in the third world at the heart of the Frankfurt book fair for the first time. We hope that Latin America has with its literature, with his music, with its decisions on the own way in Europe, in the industrialised world, in the Federal Republic of Germany, to tell us something, maybe we will hear something then, what can help us better to see our problems caused by excess mechanisation, Überorganisation, and to overcome. "We expect the contribution of Latin America to the one world to which we all belong, and we have the hope that this will be the voice of the humanity of the dignity of the individual, its compounds to the environment."
On a tour with the Peruvian writer Llosa, the new President of the International Pen Club, Minister Bahr put development assistance on not for Latin America but for the Federal Republic, which read part obviously promotional tutoring is needed to open the intellectual Latin America Argentina and 15 other States of the South American continent given the face of the world fair of the book. The literary encounter with the Spanish Portuguese-speaking countries on the other side of the Earth was the guiding theme of the Frankfurt book fair, 6,000 book titles added to round a giant mosaic of diverse reality of Latin America had the literature of South America and has a hard time in Germany the seemingly chaotic juxtaposition of myth and magic, revolutionary pathos and rampant sensuality can access German readers only reluctantly after the works of Latin American writers offering the big German publishers growing title sparks hopes for.
This technique: Gravel tracks on the Assembly line and rail in the common time. Almost 1000 meters long: is this new "quick renewal train". In the Assembly line process - for day and night use - he renewed the Bundesbahn routes tracks. An impressive Monster - purchase price DM 8.5 million whose fascinating technology closed the traveler remains, if it passes flies to his compartment window. We watched one of three rolling assembly plants, as it renewed the superstructure on a main road in southern Germany after the old tracks are hydraulically lifted, a driving device collects the old threshold. The automatic threshold crane sets up pallets from gantry cranes transport them on special wagons, where they are loaded ships. Track renewal assembly line style - the Bundesbahn decided at the end of the sixties, became apparent, that the ever more dense sequence on the main lines was disrupted by the track construction of old style sensitive, with the faster move order the wear and tear of the superstructure and thus the frequency of repairs grew also. The newly developed reconstruction trains revolutionized the track renewal.
To replace three kilometres of worn Rails and old threshold, 200 had to work track workers five weeks earlier.
Today, t get that partly propelled on tracks partly on Rails Super machine the same route in just eleven hours. Instead of the 200 workers are only 50 nöti - a rationalisation effect of State operating federal railway was even sign for the private sector: the number of track workers has been reduced by more than two-thirds.
The train consists of two Assembly units - train track degradation and the Gleisverlegezug. The first part of the train runs on the old track, which he carries from behind and loads. The second part of the train moved the new track, on which he even goes after adjusting and tightening the fixing screws some of the few operations that are still not fully automated traversing speed: 10 cm per second.
Change of shift. The night crew creates almost the same pace as the day shift: around 400Meter per hour. Also the SCHOTT er lay-out thrower targeting the new track bed, adheres to the work of motto "clean construction site". The train collecting old construction material. The carts are full, they are removed. Is the rail network of the German Bundesbahn 60,000 kilometers long 1,800 kilometres are renewed each year, a technical measure which not only security, but also the maintenance of assets is: because the tracks of the federal railways have a real value of 7 billion marks.
This economy: new from old buildings for two years the apartment false demand is mathematically covered: 1974, there were as many apartments as households in the Federal Republic--the result of an unprecedented almost a generation of reconstruction at the same time with the cover of the housing deficit the economic growth limits in the housing have become visible. Year built housing units declined their attractiveness lost increasingly on greenfield estates rapidly, already built giant settlements showed the danger of social development of pale.
The adult life range from apartments, House and environment has been discovered newly Inswischen. The old urban living and life structures have become desirable again. But an investigation of the old housing stock found: of the 22 million homes half no longer corresponds to the current standard of living only 9 million apartments have bath, toilet and Sammelheizung. The modernisation of the House was raised to the program. Many Mister and owner are not Federal financially able, which therefore jumped modernization costs alone to bear and a 1974 with a joint modernization programme, which followed by several special programmes on 1 January next year countries Wohnungsmodernisierungs's new law into force, which sets the claims on State aid in particular.
Federal Minister Karl Ravens "the new law will be for future housing and urban construction policy of trend-setting importance. It should help to provide the population with good and low-cost housing and significantly improve the quality of older residential areas. "The modernization law, the urban development promotion Act and the new Federal building law create better conditions for that citizens in our cities and communities more - and where it is necessary to once again feel can."
The modernisation aid from federal and State Governments have found a strong resonance. By danl. no mark in the State coffers fell 8 billion marks, which are provided in the form of reimbursement grants and loans in the past three years. More and more homeowners use the State aid to - how's binding requires the Modernization Act - "to increase the practical value of housing or to improve the general living conditions in the long term". Modernizing means, for example: improvement of heating systems - such as the installation of a Sammelheizung new sanitary Binrichtungen better energy - and water supply new insulating window or improve the functional sequences in an apartment by a new crop of rooms.
Modernisation grants be used on investment costs up to 20,000 DM per apartment - an amount which usually is sufficient to install modern standard of living between the old walls. The image of our old residential area begins to change. All - the owners, tenants and the population as a whole have the profit. The owner secures the rental potential of his apartment through modernization and extends their service life. The tenant comes to enjoy of a high standard of living, without having to pay for this inappropriate. Because Maß at a rent increase after upgrading the homeowners who to count on public aid. And the population rediscovered the almost forgotten virtues of a growing urban landscape - its wide range of social, cultural and economic contacts, the free and unlimited can have the individual.
Persons in the Film
Bahr, Egon ; Llosa ; Monroe, Marylin ; Ravens, Karl
Frankfurt ; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY
Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Libraries ; Books ; Railways ; Exhibitions ; construction ; transport
Translated by Microsoft Translator