Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 192/1953 30.09.1953

Synopsis

1 Friedland: prisoners of war from the Soviet Union return home Red Cross Sisters spread sandwiches with sausage. Sign border inspection post Herleshausen. 2 border guard soldiers stand next to the flag. Relatives wait. Woman with child, great. Buses. The returning prisoners of war wave from the bus. Flowers in the bus the migrants returning rich people. Blow up the border barrier. The men waving. Welcome and embrace by relatives. The laid-off go to the Registrar in the Friedland camp. To see faces of men and women in which the plight of the years is great. Friedland bell rings. Pastors of both denominations to worship in the open air. The returnees sing "Now thank we all our God". Buses pass through villages. People waving on the side of the road. Coming home are greeted by relatives.
(49 m) 02 Berlin: German industrial exhibition Economics Minister Erhard at the lectern at the opening ceremony. Among the listeners of James B. Conant, Vice Chancellor Blücher, Luise Schröder, big. Erhard during the tour of the exhibition. Pavilion of Austria. Great Britain with monument by Elizabeth II on horseback in front of the Pavilion. Canada. Electrical machines. Stainless steel utensils. "The modern rubble woman with the Rails pen" a motor-driven debris down cart. Model of a British nuclear plant.
(30 m) 03. Colorado: President Eisenhower Eisenhower holiday stands with high boots in the water and fish. With catcher, he captures Pike out of the water.
(9 m) 04. Italy: holidays of the Greek Royal couple King Paul and Queen Friederike as holidaymakers in Italy. Visit the sulphur springs of Pozzuoli. Sulphur fumes rise from moorigem ground.
(9 m) 05. Rome: visit of the Greek Prime Minister, Papagos Papagos lay down a wreath at the tomb of the unknown soldier. The visit to Italy was the deepening of the Greek Italian friendship.
(8 m) 06. California: Volks-U boat float swims to a small boat, driven by screw. He swims with the boat and sees on the seabed.
(12 m) 7th United States: air force propeller test starts, to test the effects of flow on the propeller at supersonic jet aircraft with propeller. Flying aircraft. The findings should be taken into account during turbine construction.
(11 m) 08 human seen: Portrait of Werner Haas, motorcycle world champion Werner Haas in mountaineering in the fog horn. Trophies in his room. Mother Haas dressing up the trophies. Father h supervise the homework of the three siblings. Werner Haas hear records on the music Cabinet. Photos by Werner Haas in race and victorious on the walls. Werner Haas training on rough terrain.
Wiesbaden (33 m) 9: the international wool Secretariat organizes catwalk mannequins demonstrate fashions on the catwalk. Tight long wool dress before. Complet. Jumpsuit with Cape. Susanne Erichsen introduces cocktail dress. Elfi Wildfeuer evening dress presents, with wide swinging skirt. Susanne Erichsen in white festive evening dress. Wedding dress.
(32 m) 10 Salzburg: cattle market livestock dealer inspect the cattle. 3 handshakes seal the purchase. Wife milks. Calf drinks. Cow mouth, great. Bank notes change hands.
(28 m) 11 Frankfurt: amateur box international match Germany - England 14:4 Middleweight: champion Wemhöner / Germany fighting on Barton, England. Heavy shock Exchange. Reporter on the ring commented on the fight. Eyebrow infringement of opponents, the fight is broken up. Middleweight: champion wells, England, boxes. The smaller German opponent loses. Audience clapping.
(31 m) 12 Dortmund: steeplechase "Grand Prix of Dortmund" people to wager on races switch. Racing display and quotas. Men read in racing newspaper. Horses go to the start. Start. Pretty young spectator wearing headscarves in profile, great. Spectator looks through binoculars, great. Horses jump over obstacles. Horse falls and gets up again. Jump over the moat. The leading horse is old master from the finish by the Stallion overtaken sinus in the final sprint, which WINS by a large margin. Winning horse and Jockey after the victory.
(29 m)

Origin / Type of content

Narration

Persons in the Film

Barton, Jonny ; Blücher, Franz ; Conant, James B. ; Eisenhower, Dwight ; Erhard, Ludwig ; Erichsen, Susanne ; Friederike von Griechenland ; Papagos, Alexander ; Paul von Griechenland ; Schröder, Luise ; Wildfeuer, Elfi ; Haas, Werner ; Wells ; Wemhöner

Places

Berlin ; Friedland ; Colorado ; United States ; Italy ; Salzburg ; Rome ; Wiesbaden ; Dortmund ; California ; Hanover ; Frankfurt

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Boxes ; Federal ; Bundeswehr ; Bells ; Border DDR/BRD, borders ; Industry ; fishing ; Leisure, recreation ; motor sports ; Portraits ; Horse riding, horse racing (without harness) ; Religious events ; Shipping ; Spoprt-Ehrungen ; sports audience, sports spectator ; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside) ; Animals (except dogs) ; Debris ; wreath stoppages ; War, prisoners of war ; Holiday ; Livestock, livestock ; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen ; Fashion ; Atom ; Exhibitions ; mountain climbing, mountaineering ; Gastronomy ; finance ; Industrial ; Sports honors ; 14 find book new German newsreel slow motion

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Weekly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 192/1953

Die Zeit unter der Lupe (Other title)

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
30.09.1953
Year of Production:
1953

Credits

Origin:
Initial brand returning POWs Friedland camera: Stoll, Luppa German industrial exhibition. in Berlin camera: Obeng from all over the world: IKE fish origin: Greek Metro. Royal couple in Italy origin: SEDI Papagos origin: SEDI of the Volks sub origin: Metro propeller test (America) origin: Metro Menschl. seen: Werner Haas camera: Kang Östergård fashion in Wiesbaden camera: Kang cattle Siezenheim camera: Hafner sports boxing: England - Germany camera: strong, Hafner hunt race in Dortmund camera: Essmann, reason, p

Technical Data

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75 Years of Transit Camp Friedland (September 20, 1945)

Friedland is known worldwide as the „gate to freedom.“ No other place in the Federal Republic of Germany is connected to refugees, expellees, displaced persons and returning soldiers like this municipality in Lower Saxony. More than four millions people have come to Germany through here.

The British military government founds the establishment in light of the massive migration after the end of World War II. Situated on the premises of the agricultural research institute of the University Goettingen that had been moved to Friedland, it was meant to collect the data of arriving people and ensure that their transfer was regulated and coordinated. The location was crucial for the selection of the site: the borders of the Soviet, British and US-American occupation zones meet here and it is on the important rail route Hannover--Kassel. 

On September 20, 1945 the reception camp begins operation. The first arrivals are mostly refugees, expellees and displaced persons from the former German territories, but also war evacuees and POW who were released from Western Allies prisons. By the end of the year 500,000 people travel through Friedland, where they receive the important registration license, which they need to apply for new papers and be allotted work, dwelling and ration cards. By the mid-1950s Friedland takes centre stage for “return of the ten-thousand”, the arrival of the last German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union. In 1950 the “Operation Link” begins with intake of ethnic German emigrants from Eastern Europe. After the fall of the iron curtain many Jewish immigrants from the former USSR come to Friedland. Then there are many international refugees who arrive at the transit camp: from the Hungarian people’s uprising in 1956, to the coup against Allende’s democratic government in Chile in 1974 or the “Boat People” from Vietnam in the late 1970s. Now many refugees are taken care of as part of the UNHCR resettlement program.  Friedland is also the reception centre for asylum seekers in Lower Saxony. There were moments during the refugee crisis when it was critically overcrowded. Last year almost 13,000 people stayed here temporarily.

Since 2016 a museum researches and presents the transit camp’s history in the building of a former train station. 

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