Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 206/1954 05.01.1954

Synopsis

01 Adenauer Friedland Adenauer accompanied by Minister-President Hinrich Kopf on arrival in the camp of Friedland. Clap returnees. Adenauer waves to the returnees. Hinrich Kopf Announces Adenauer's speech. Interview: "the Lord Chancellor Adenauer has the word." Adenauer speaking. Interview: "my dear friends! I bring you the greetings of the entire German people, irrespective of the parties, without distinction of creed. Are convinced that we all welcome you with very warm hearts and that we will do everything to facilitate the inclusion in these new conditions, here you'll find, you. And that we work together for world peace and that we will not rest and snap, is reproduced until the last prisoner and the last deportees German woman in the home. "Welcome to the German Fatherland!" Faces of returnees and Heimkehrerinnen. Listeners applaud. The doctor mentions the camp of Stalingrad as spokesman for all. Quote: "And if you ask us for a wish, then think I am I speaking in the name of all this back home, don't forget You too continue to our comrades, who are retarded. Get it once back in the homeland." All sing the song of Germany.
(70 m) 02 Berlin on the eve of the four-power Conference of Berlin's central airport. Road transport, cars and trams. Hotel building: Hotel Kempinski, Hotel am Zoo, Savoy Hotel, Bristol. Hotel lobby. At conception, Porter is key to waiting guests with luggage. Police officers receive armbands as an interpreter with mention of the language. Border signs: Vous quittez le secteur franc off - you are now leaving British sector. Buildings that stand as a venue for the debate: the Soviet Embassy, the home of the ostzonalen national broadcasting house, the Allied Control Council building. Press Centre in the Kathreinerhaus. Telephone plug calls to attendant. Photo of the session Hall in the Council building is placed in the printing machine. Pan across the facade of the Allied Control Council.
(41 m) 3rd world travel Elizabeth II. Tonga Islands: Bowl drive Elizabeth II and Prince Philip to the country. Queen Salote welcomes Elizabeth II and Philip. Negro children with flags. Ride in car. State Banquet in the open air. Native food with your hands. Demonstration of native dances.
(29 m) 04. Cologne: hats 2 models with little veils caps rise from big box. Bellhop sees through Keyhole. Close-ups of beautiful mannequins with tight-fitting small caps, mostly mind free. Small round cap with PomPoms. Plaid sports Cap. Turban Cap. Straw Cap. Cap with veil and spring. Pretty woman face between lilac branches.
(25 m) 5th Düsseldorf: appearance of the Australian air ACE of motorcycle artists in the Apollo Theatre motorcyclists goes on rotating base in the district. Artists gymnastics motorcycle rider beats somersaults. 3 men and 1 woman bowing after screening.
(26 m) 6th Garmisch: new year's ski jumping ski jumper jump by jump ZL. Numbers attached to advertising Pigmentan. Best German was Franz Eder with the No. 16 ranked 5th is Kirjonen / Finland, second in the overall standings. Jump of winner OLAF Björn city / Norway, 75.5 m. Björn city, big, congratulations. Jump from 3 ski jumpers from the top.
(31 m 07) Dortmund: ice Revue holyday on ice ice Revue in the Westfalenhalle. 6 skaters run behind a small girl. Artistic pair of ice dancing. Appearance of RIA and Paul Falk with Waltz dance. Ice artists go through under wings. Ice artist Frank Sawers runs. Ice Ballet dances.
(43 m)

Origin / Type of content

Narration

Persons in the Film

Björnstadt, Olaf ; Adenauer, Konrad ; Elisabeth II. von England ; Kohler, Ottmar ; Kopf, Hinrich ; Philip Mountbatten von Edinboroug ; Königin Salote ; Eder, Franz ; Falk, Ria ; Sawers, Frank

Places

Düsseldorf ; Berlin ; Tonga Islands ; Friedland ; Tonga ; Cologne ; Dortmund ; Garmisch-Partenkirchen

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Buildings in Germany ; Ice skating ; Border DDR/BRD, borders ; Returnees, evacuees, Outlander ; Domestic events ; Children ; Police ; Postal, postal services ; Travel ; Shipping ; Ski, skiing, ski jumping ; sports facilities ; 99.412 Deutsche week show GmbH: State visits (outside) ; Dance ; Revues ; Fashion ; Jobs ; Architecture ; Gastronomy ; 14 find book new German newsreel slow motion

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Weekly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 206/1954

Die Zeit unter der Lupe (Other title)

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
05.01.1954
Year of Production:
1954

Credits

Origin:
Initial brand Adenauer Friedland camera: Luppa eve of the four power meeting camera: Riske Queen Elisabeth on Tonga origin: Pathe news hats in Cologne camera: Essmann motorcycle sensation (Apollo) camera: Essmann new year's ski jumping camera: Hafner, Chef ice Revue Baran - Falk camera: Essmann end brand

Technical Data

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75 Years of Transit Camp Friedland (September 20, 1945)

Friedland is known worldwide as the „gate to freedom.“ No other place in the Federal Republic of Germany is connected to refugees, expellees, displaced persons and returning soldiers like this municipality in Lower Saxony. More than four millions people have come to Germany through here.

The British military government founds the establishment in light of the massive migration after the end of World War II. Situated on the premises of the agricultural research institute of the University Goettingen that had been moved to Friedland, it was meant to collect the data of arriving people and ensure that their transfer was regulated and coordinated. The location was crucial for the selection of the site: the borders of the Soviet, British and US-American occupation zones meet here and it is on the important rail route Hannover--Kassel. 

On September 20, 1945 the reception camp begins operation. The first arrivals are mostly refugees, expellees and displaced persons from the former German territories, but also war evacuees and POW who were released from Western Allies prisons. By the end of the year 500,000 people travel through Friedland, where they receive the important registration license, which they need to apply for new papers and be allotted work, dwelling and ration cards. By the mid-1950s Friedland takes centre stage for “return of the ten-thousand”, the arrival of the last German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union. In 1950 the “Operation Link” begins with intake of ethnic German emigrants from Eastern Europe. After the fall of the iron curtain many Jewish immigrants from the former USSR come to Friedland. Then there are many international refugees who arrive at the transit camp: from the Hungarian people’s uprising in 1956, to the coup against Allende’s democratic government in Chile in 1974 or the “Boat People” from Vietnam in the late 1970s. Now many refugees are taken care of as part of the UNHCR resettlement program.  Friedland is also the reception centre for asylum seekers in Lower Saxony. There were moments during the refugee crisis when it was critically overcrowded. Last year almost 13,000 people stayed here temporarily.

Since 2016 a museum researches and presents the transit camp’s history in the building of a former train station. 

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