Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 299/1955 21.10.1955

Synopsis

1 Hamburg: Opening of new State Opera with Mozart's the magic flute Opera in the evening. Opera guests appear in evening gown. Opera-goer in the foyer. Arrival Heuss. Heuss citizenship Minister Schönfelder and wife is composed in Lodge of honour of, beside him. The audience applaud standing. Scenes from the magic flute. The curtain closes. Heuss honor Lodge.
(50 m) 02 Friedland: Heuss welcomes returning POWs Heuss upon arrival in the Friedland camp goes to the camp road. Many relatives of the missing waiting with signs and photos. Heuss to the lectern actuality: "Dear compatriots, returning from the far East! "The greeting, I have to speak for the German people can be quite simple: A warm welcome!" Close-ups. Clapping. Embraces the joy of reunion.
(34 m) 03 Hanover: ceremony of remembrance for Kurt Schumacher tombstone for Kurt Schumacher. Overlay image of Kurt Schumacher, on the 3rd day of death members of the SPD at the burial ceremony of remembrance gather. Wreaths. Erich Ollenhauer, Luise Schröder and others (15 m) 04. Mexico: Tampico flooded city after Hurricane flood disaster. Helicopter rescues included residents of the city from rooftops by floodwaters. Boats go in the flooded streets and rescue refugees. Writing on flat roof, food and water.
(17 m) 5th Portsmouth: Russian fleet visit 2 Russian cruisers and destroyers in the East Sea fleet make friendship visit to England. Joined soldiers on the deck. Russian Admiral goes ashore and welcomes English Admiral. Stand of the Navy presented the gun. Stepping off the front of the stand. In London, Russian and English cadets to meet and greet each other.
(18 m) 6th New Jersey: new VW factory Director General Dr. Nordhoff visited the new VW plant in New Jersey. He enters a huge workshop and walks alone through the Hall.
(15 m) 7th Paramaribo: young people on oil barrels like drums to play music on oil barrels in Dutch Guiana. Youthful audience, great.
(21 m) 8th Munich: the weightlifting World Championship featherweight: Russian weightlifter can not stem weight and throw it away. Winner Chimichkian, USSR with 305 kg, a new world record. Middleweight Triathlon: it wins Pete George, United States, 405 kg. Heavyweight Triathlon: Theo Aaldering, Germany, is fourth with 385 kg. It wins Paul Anderson, United States, 512,5 kg. Clapping and award ceremony with flowers and kisses.
Berlin (38 m) 9: 42. six days at the Sports Palace Elena Karlowa and Hans Söhnker start the six days. Cyclists in the round in curves, in the pauses Otto Kaliyan conducts the Sports Palace songs. Bell rings up round.
(30 m) 10 Freiburg: Athletics international match Germany - Italy 127:74 teams invade and confront each other with flag-bearer. Game leaders greet each other, embrace, and exchanging pennants. 200 metres: Starter is launching pad. Merchant leads on the outside, only Pohl is catching up at the finish and is 2nd Vault: it wins Roveraro / Italy with 1.90 m. long jump: it wins Bravi / Italy, with 7.28 m 110 m hurdles: start and run. Stone and schottes's lead. It wins ahead of stone in 14.7 sec. Audience clapping, half-close. Congratulations to the victory. Discus throw: It wins Consolini / Italy with 54.70 m. shot put: it wins Dieter Urbach with 16.65 m with a new German record. Congratulations to the victory. 100 m run: Manfred Germar runs on the outside and WINS in 10.5 sec.
(40 m)

Origin / Type of content

Narration

Persons in the Film

Aaldering, Theo ; Anderson, Paul ; Bravi ; Heuss, Theodor ; Karlowa, Elma ; Kermbach, Otto ; Kernbach, Otto ; Nordhoff, Heinz ; Ollenhauer, Erich ; Söhnker, Hans ; Schönfelder ; Schröder, Luise ; Schumacher, Kurt ; Chimichkian ; Consolini ; Germar, Manfred ; George, Pete ; Kaufmann, Konrad ; Pohl, Gudrun ; Roveraro ; Schottes ; Steines, Bert ; Urbach, Dieter

Places

Hanover ; Friedland ; Mexico ; New Jersey ; Portsmouth ; Hamburg ; Paramaribo ; Berlin ; Freiburg ; Münster ; Munich ; New Jersey

Topics

Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Returnees, evacuees, Outlander ; Disasters ; Musical events ; cycling, cycle ball ; Shipping ; Sports details, fouls ; Spoprt-Ehrungen ; sports audience, sports spectator ; sports facilities ; automotive engineering, automotive ; automotive industry ; War, prisoners of war ; Cultural events ; Anniversaries, Jubilees, birthdays ; weight lifting ; Sports honors ; 14 find book new German newsreel slow motion

Type

Newsreel (G)

Genre

Weekly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 299/1955

Die Zeit unter der Lupe (Other title)

Country of Origin:
Federal Republic of Germany

Year of Production and/or Release

Date of Release:
21.10.1955
Year of Production:
1955

Credits

Origin:
Title: Hamburg's new Opera camera: Stoll, basic returnees + Prof. Heuss camera: Stoll Schumacher remembrance day camera: Essmann floods in Mexico origin: Russian Metro. Fleet visit to England origin: Pathe news VW plant in New Jersey origin: paramount oil drums music origin: Polygoon sport: weightlifting in Munich camera: out 6-days race Berlin camera: Pahl Athletics: Deutschld.-Italy camera: Essmann final

Technical Data

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75 Years of Transit Camp Friedland (September 20, 1945)

Friedland is known worldwide as the „gate to freedom.“ No other place in the Federal Republic of Germany is connected to refugees, expellees, displaced persons and returning soldiers like this municipality in Lower Saxony. More than four millions people have come to Germany through here.

The British military government founds the establishment in light of the massive migration after the end of World War II. Situated on the premises of the agricultural research institute of the University Goettingen that had been moved to Friedland, it was meant to collect the data of arriving people and ensure that their transfer was regulated and coordinated. The location was crucial for the selection of the site: the borders of the Soviet, British and US-American occupation zones meet here and it is on the important rail route Hannover--Kassel. 

On September 20, 1945 the reception camp begins operation. The first arrivals are mostly refugees, expellees and displaced persons from the former German territories, but also war evacuees and POW who were released from Western Allies prisons. By the end of the year 500,000 people travel through Friedland, where they receive the important registration license, which they need to apply for new papers and be allotted work, dwelling and ration cards. By the mid-1950s Friedland takes centre stage for “return of the ten-thousand”, the arrival of the last German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union. In 1950 the “Operation Link” begins with intake of ethnic German emigrants from Eastern Europe. After the fall of the iron curtain many Jewish immigrants from the former USSR come to Friedland. Then there are many international refugees who arrive at the transit camp: from the Hungarian people’s uprising in 1956, to the coup against Allende’s democratic government in Chile in 1974 or the “Boat People” from Vietnam in the late 1970s. Now many refugees are taken care of as part of the UNHCR resettlement program.  Friedland is also the reception centre for asylum seekers in Lower Saxony. There were moments during the refugee crisis when it was critically overcrowded. Last year almost 13,000 people stayed here temporarily.

Since 2016 a museum researches and presents the transit camp’s history in the building of a former train station. 

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