Deutschlandspiegel 41/1958 28.02.1958


01 Chileans in Hamburg a, b, c port of Hamburg: Hamburg flag in the wind, ship: Alberto Boderd (?) from Chile, in the background of German shipyard, tug pull the ship, people waiting at the quay, waving people on the railing, people go by the Board, luggage is loaded, greeting scenes, joyful faces, representatives from Chile admire the town hall entrance (filmed from the inside to the outside on City Hall square), low-angle shot: town hall tower, visitors go on Town Hall square, Pigeons fly away, Alster arcades with halbzugfrorenem Alsterkanal, Jungfernstieg: man invincible group with snowball, snowball fight, visit of the Axel Springer Publishing House including printing, newspaper "Die Welt" is stacked, members of the Chamber Choir of the State University of Valparaiso thanked at the printing works with a small concert, conductor of the choir (large), listeners on the stairs clapping, couple dances to the music.
(110 m, 10: 10:00 10:04:10) 02. Friedland - returnees church bells ringing on Friedland, train with new Ausiedlern rolls up, people get off the train, wooden sign: Grenzdurchgangslager Friedland, child's face, people on map of Germany and surroundings, formalities are dealt with, sign: Saarland, hangs over the table with three seated men, various settings of emigrants, shield: photos look at Hamburg, women, woman leans her head against a bunk bed, welcome of new citizens of the West, household goods and livestock is loaded, Departure of the train with ethnic Germans.
(50 m, 10:04:05 10:05:55) 03. Award for artist Düsseldorf: presentation of funding awards of the State Government of North Rhine-Westphalia by Minister Steinhoff to ten young artists, Norbert Spielmann receives premium for architecture, Norbert Spielmann at his drawing board with House models, painter Gerhard Hoehme while painting his abstract pictures, face of the great painter, sculptor Theo Heiermann when creating a sculpture, dancer Denise Laumer at the Barre.
(38 m, 10:05:45 10:07:10) 04. Brandenburg Gate Berlin: total: Brandenburg Gate with scaffolding, restorers at work, 1 horse of the quadriga is edited, images of the Quadriga horse will be transported.
(16 m, 10:07:05 10:07:45) 05. Winter sale crowd storms through department store doors for the winter sale, viewing the clothes on hangers, signs: hold out, please on the treadmill, feet go by escalator, crowds at the Huttese, women with hats look at in the mirror, buyers consider showcase, shoe rack with prices, man tried to over-estimate face small shoe.
(33 m, 10:07:40 10:08:55) 06 Zille image by Heinrich Zille, backyard environment, organ grinder is surrounded by children, playing, women wash out the window hangs children, backyard facade, Heinrich Zille, pictures by Heinrich Zille, exhibition and ball in honor of Heinrich Zille, dressed couples dancing.
(30 m) 7th Monday Munich: various settings of the Rosenmontag parade, viewers sit in Windows and waving, two policemen with swaying Cologne,: Cologne Cathedral with crowd, fools Prince distributed sweets.
(35 m, 10:09:50 10:11:10) 08. Curling Garmisch Godfather churches in the snow in the background taking Zugspitze, old men in costumes at the curling, men running alongside snuff to his dog.
(27 m, 10:11:00 10:12:05) 9 ice hockey match for the German Championship: Risser Lake (in dark clothes) cheer against feet, viewers, with 6:3, e.V. WINS feet.
(25 m, 10:12:00 10:12:55) 10 four-man sled: skids are edited, joint starts between runners and slide, steering wheel, four-man sled racing curves along, snow is stirred up, Monti and Alvera from Italy are world champions in the two-man, in the coxed four, Bob won the Team Germany 1 with Rösch at the wheel, German team.
(41 m, 10:12:50 10:14:20)


Persons in the Film

Zille, Heinrich


Wintersport ; Carnival ; Berlin ; Shipping ; Brandenburger Tor (Berlin) ; Aussiedlertransport ; Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Nordrhein-Westfalen ; 01 16 mm project ; 10 finding book Germany mirror


Periodicals (G)


Monthly Newsreel

Translated by Microsoft Translator


Deutschlandspiegel 41/1958

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Federal Republic of Germany

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75 Years of Transit Camp Friedland (September 20, 1945)

Friedland is known worldwide as the „gate to freedom.“ No other place in the Federal Republic of Germany is connected to refugees, expellees, displaced persons and returning soldiers like this municipality in Lower Saxony. More than four millions people have come to Germany through here.

The British military government founds the establishment in light of the massive migration after the end of World War II. Situated on the premises of the agricultural research institute of the University Goettingen that had been moved to Friedland, it was meant to collect the data of arriving people and ensure that their transfer was regulated and coordinated. The location was crucial for the selection of the site: the borders of the Soviet, British and US-American occupation zones meet here and it is on the important rail route Hannover--Kassel. 

On September 20, 1945 the reception camp begins operation. The first arrivals are mostly refugees, expellees and displaced persons from the former German territories, but also war evacuees and POW who were released from Western Allies prisons. By the end of the year 500,000 people travel through Friedland, where they receive the important registration license, which they need to apply for new papers and be allotted work, dwelling and ration cards. By the mid-1950s Friedland takes centre stage for “return of the ten-thousand”, the arrival of the last German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union. In 1950 the “Operation Link” begins with intake of ethnic German emigrants from Eastern Europe. After the fall of the iron curtain many Jewish immigrants from the former USSR come to Friedland. Then there are many international refugees who arrive at the transit camp: from the Hungarian people’s uprising in 1956, to the coup against Allende’s democratic government in Chile in 1974 or the “Boat People” from Vietnam in the late 1970s. Now many refugees are taken care of as part of the UNHCR resettlement program.  Friedland is also the reception centre for asylum seekers in Lower Saxony. There were moments during the refugee crisis when it was critically overcrowded. Last year almost 13,000 people stayed here temporarily.

Since 2016 a museum researches and presents the transit camp’s history in the building of a former train station. 

More video clips on this subject

  • Welt im Film 249/1950

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 192/1953

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 206/1954

  • Welt im Bild 172/1955

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 299/1955

  • UFA-Wochenschau 82/1958

  • Deutschlandspiegel 41/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 97/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 226/1960

  • Die Zeit unter der Lupe 777/1964

  • UFA-Dabei 757/1971

  • UFA-Dabei 782/1971

  • UFA-Dabei 834/1972

  • Deutschlandspiegel 389/1987

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