Deutschlandspiegel 83/1961 31.08.1961
01 Bad Hersfeld Festival Highway Hamburg-Munich. Total: Bad Hersfeld. Cityscape: Old half-timbered houses, cars on the road. The Renaissance town hall with fountains and image of the Bishop Lullus. The oldest House (14th century). Various settings of the monastery ruins. In the monastery ruins: Rehearsal of the ballet - the wake of the ivory Queen Titania - rehearsing for Shakespeare's Midsummer night's dream. Long shot: Ranks with stage during the rehearsal. Without costume at the rehearsal: Ruth Niehaus and Albin Skoda (with original interviews), partially close, directed by William Dieterle. Weber "Card" played by Albin Skoda donkey mask is based. Evenings: Various settings of the imagination (with original interviews). Viewers.
(117 m, 10: 10:00 10:04:20) 02 African parliamentarians in Bonn Bonn: Villa Hammerschmidt. Flag in the wind. Priority the President accompanied by police escorts on motorcycles. Car blow opens and Dr. Hans Furler (President of the European Parliament) get out of car. African parliamentarians go into the building. Dr Lübke in addition to Dr. Hans Furler at the launch of African parliamentarians. Dr Lübke, close. Various settings of the parliamentarians, Dr Lübke at the handshake.
(23 m, 10:04:15 10:05:10) 03 Rhine journey and visit to Humboldt-Deutz-works on ships dock along the Rhine. People enter excursion steamer. Captain as well as helmsman. Hands, big control control. Rescue ring hanging on the railing. Ships pass. Camera man told African parliamentarians. Castles on the Rhine, guests on the ship. Long shot: Drive excursion boat. Visit a factory (exterior): Dr. Hans Furler with guests. Tractors. Truck with tilted loading areas. Klöckner Humboldt-Deutz at Cologne: 32 m high ladder is extended. Dr. Hans Furler looks skyward. TRAKTOR is shut. Dr. Hans Furler and the African parliamentarians clap.
(30 m, 10:05:05 10:06:15) 04 Berlin total Berlin: long shot. Camera pan across Berlin. (6 m, 10:06:05 10:06:25) 05. German-American Volksfest in Berlin: wind instruments, great. American soldier playing musical instrument. Many balloons on ribbons. Two coloured children sitting in strollers. Various settings of visitors: including woman holding Teddy in the arm, three young people stand together. American soldier holding a beer bottle in his hand and converses with a man. Girl sleeping on the shoulder. Guests toast to beer. Small group of people quickly spins around in the circle. Spinning Carousel and Ferris wheel. Different rotating chassis.
(20 m, 10:06:20 10:07:05) 06 refugees Marienfelde-Berlin: heading the B.Z..: alert. Supervision on Notaufnahmelager. Refugees. Entrance of the Notaufnahmelagers. Various settings of waiting refugees. Cat. Child holding a doll in her arms. Refugees with luggage. Refugees in outdoors under tents. Special: Luggage is loaded. Refugees walking on aircraft. Departure of the aircraft.
(19 m, 10:07:00 10:07:45) 07 Berlin crisis early Berlin: men look at morning post with the headline: East Berlin is cordoned off S - and u-Bahn interrupted all sector border barbed wire - roadblocks people's Army around Berlin. Policeman with a rifle behind barbed wire. B.z. heading: imposed blockade on East Berlin! B.z. heading: Soviet tanks at the borders to West Berlin. Tanks are used in position. Empty station and railway tracks. People police officers in the city, some with tanks. Street is torn up and laid barbed wire. VW Beetle drives along in barbed wire, behind national police officers. Road sign: Potsdamer Platz, great. Crowd at the Potsdamer Platz. Man in uniform (Allied protector) looks through binoculars. Road map, flying helicopters. National police officers at the Brandenburg Gate. Population is held back by the police. People policeman stands in the bushes. Various settings by people. National police officers with guns. People behind barrier with poster: there is only a Germany. National police officers. Enraged people behind blocking call actuality: "Referendum!", before a police officer. National police, behind tanks. Brandenburg Gate. A COP on the phone. National police officers with guns. West Berliners call actuality: "Referendum!". National police officers, some sitting on tanks. West Berlin holding hand in mind. Water cannons. Two people police officers. People throng to the victory column. Supervision: Brandenburg Gate. Quadriga. National police before the Brandenburg Gate.
(68 m, 10:07:40 10:10:05) 08 parliamentary session Bonn: Chamber of the Bundestag with MEPs (total). Konrad Adenauer on the lectern quote: "we are not alone in the world. The right Get up our site. And the peoples of the world who love freedom stand on our side." Deputies clapping.
(10 m, 10:10:00 10:10:30) 09 Adenauer in Berlin a, b, c Berlin: Adenauer's gangway down, greeting by Brandt. Cameramen. Brandt in addition to Adenauer (in front of microphones). Soviet zone sound truck (with Drohreden) behind a concrete wall with barbed wire, cameramen behind border wall. Adenauer surrounded by people, including Lemmer and behind police officer chain, allows himself To give explanations. Potsdamer Platz with wall and Stacheldrahtverhau. Sign in front of Brandenburg Gate: caution! You are now leaving Berlin. Adenauer gets out of car, accompanied by including Lemmer. Adenauer, close. Cameramen from the rear, are partially elevated. Vopos and cameramen behind barbed wire, in the background columns of the Brandenburg Gate. Marienfelde: Car drives through crowd with Adenauer. People waving and clapping. Adenauer goes through the crowd.
(25 m, 10:10:20 10:11:20) 10 barbed wire Berlin: Shield: caution! You are now leaving Berlin. FDJ members working on Stacheldrahtverhau.
(9 m, 10:11:15 10:11:35) 11 Johnson in Bonn Cologne-Wahn: Johnson (US Vice President) gangway come down, greeting by Adenauer. German armed forces brass band. Johnson next to Adenauer, half-close. Salutierender soldier. Adenauer shakes the hand of Johnson, surrounded by people.
(8 m, 10:11:30 10:11:50) 12 Johnson in Berlin Berlin: rolling out aircraft. American honor guard salutes. Johnson is greeted by Willy Brandt. Gun salute of cannons. Kurfürstendamm: Police Ehreneskorte on motorcycles. Driving Johnson through frantic and jubilant people trellis. Johnson in crowd, händeschüttelnd, beside him Brandt. Berlin-Marienfelde refugee camp: Johnson standing in the car, crowds waving and cheering. Johnson embraces the child, barriers fail. Prior to the Schöneberg Town Hall: kids think big letters: "Freedom". Johnson (original sound) presented Brandt, listener, close the message of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, behind him. Crowd, screen-filling. General Clay (smiling) before microphones. Crowd, screen-filling.
(40 m, 10:11:45 10:13:15) 13. Barbed wire of Vopo escaping and fleeing family sector border: barbed wire is laid. Vopos with rifles, one with a cigarette. Policeman jumps over Stacheldrahtverhau and jump into the bandwagon down policeman picks up machine gun, car driving away, chasing police officer, camera held up towards the window of the car. Wall with writing: end. Policemen and Vopos are opposite, in the middle of the wall. Road sign: Bernauer Straße: family succeeded in the escape from window, luggage is thrown afterwards. Two women wear Laundry bin across the street in a hurry. Three policemen before wall. Family runs on House.
(31 m, 10:13:10 10:14:20) 14 woman behind barbed wire people standing behind barbed wire. Woman with Hat and coat on policeman telling half-close. Woman crying in the handkerchief, which itself keeps them in front of the face. Two Vopos, close. Man behind barbed wire ("the face on the border").
(12 m, 10:14:10 10:14:50)
Persons in the Film
Lübke, Heinrich ; Kennedy, John Fitzgerald ; Adenauer, Konrad
Heilbad ; Berlin ; Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Bonn (Bundeshauptstadt) ; Mauerbau (Berlin, 1961) ; 01 16 mm project ; 10 finding book Germany mirror
Translated by Microsoft Translator
- Country of Origin:
- Federal Republic of Germany
Year of Production and/or Release
- Date of Release:
- Year of Production:
60th anniversary of the construction of the Berlin Wall (August 13, 1961)
On Sunday, August 13, 1961, GDR security forces sealed off the sector border in Berlin on the orders of Walter Ulbricht, Chairman of the Council of State. Early in the morning, stone blockades and barbed wire entanglements were erected, which guarded construction crews would replace over the next few days by with a two-meter-high wall. The S-Bahn and U-Bahn lines between East and West were cut, and the number of border crossing points got reduced to a minimum.
The inner-German border had already been closed since the 1950s, now Berlin was divided as well. Until then, about half a million people had crossed the sector borders every day. 50,000 East Berliners were now cut off from their jobs in the West; friends and families were literally separated overnight. Discontent and spontaneous protests erupted on both sides. Attempts to get past the barriers produced dramatic scenes.
With the construction of the Wall, the GDR leadership sought a way out of the dire situation that had arisen in 1961, particularly as a result of the continuing mass exodus to the West. Since the GDR had been founded twelve years earlier, one sixth of the total population - about three million people - had already left the country, mostly well-educated young workers and academics. The border closure was also intended to prevent the outflow of comparatively cheap goods and the weakening of the currency through illegal currency exchange.
While the Allies were caught off guard by the building of the Wall, they decided against a counter-reaction. They didn’t want to risk a third world war because of Berlin. Willy Brandt, mayor of the now cut-off western part of the city, appealed to the USA in its capacity as a protecting power. President Kennedy finally sent his deputy Lyndon B. Johnson and the hero of the airlift Lucius D. Clay to Berlin as a sign of solidarity. Two years later the President himself came to visit the city.