Deutschlandspiegel 389/1987 1987


01 Düsseldorf-Igedo fashion trade fair before large poster do 150 mannequins in long series. Mannequins in groups on a wide catwalk in front and back. Long wide coats and jackets. Close long slit skirts. Broad shoulders in jackets. Leisure look. Charming audiences large. A short tight skirt. Summer costumes.
(47 m) 02 media city of Mainz in helicopter Mayor Jockel Fuchs at the flight over the city. Johannes Gutenberg monument, his workshop and old printing press and prints. Rotary printing of the Mainzer Allgemeine Zeitung. Jockel Fuchs in helicopters. Southwest radio regional studios. Flight over the broadcasting of the second German television. Studios of TV channel ZDF with audience. Broadcasting centre of 3 SAT and SAT 1 aerial view of the mouth of the main into the Rhine.
(56 m) 03 Düsseldorf: aid for Afghan refugees from taking on 10 Afghan children with war injuries rise the Düsseldorf Airport. The Diakonie hospital Dusseldorf Kaiserswerth. In bed, boy with large shrapnel scar is located on the thighs. The 13-year-old Djanata sits in a wheelchair. She is paralyzed after a shot in the chest. It can a little legs move. The bed is an age of 13 boy Ismail, which was demolished in a leg and an arm through mine. He is walking on crutches. The 4-year-old Saba rah can hardly see eye light was destroyed by napalm bombs.
Professor of Voss interview: "we assume that may be a vision can be achieved by one-fiftieth of a normal person. Of course, this is a speculative number. But we hope that Saba rah can then distinguish light and dark and see also schemas. "We want to wait for still the miracle cure on her leg, then we want only one eye, then the other to operate."
Doll and stuffed animals on the bed. Translations in Visual language to communicate. Boy is driven on carrying on the operation. Boy goes up stairs with prostheses. Boy with burns on his face. Children playing in the apartment of a doctor after outpatient treatment.
(80 m) 04. The Deutsche Museum in Munich exhibits of natural science and technology in the Deutsches Museum in Munich. Aircraft models in the course of time. From Zeppelin to the satellite. The work table of the chemist Otto Hahn, who discovered the nuclear fission. Records. File box. In cellar Depot collectibles and musical instruments, who found no room in the Museum. Valuable items are selected for exhibition in a new space. Globes, old cars, the 1st safety car from Daimler Benz, Horch. (see D 284/6, your own text)
(43 m) 05. camp Friedland is a train station Friedland. Returnees get off the train and go to the camp of Friedland. Disbursement of money and registration. Entering a room. Output of clothing. The Liberty Bell is now a monument.
Sw review: ringing of the Liberty Bell. Refugees at registration. Food. 500,000 German prisoners of war return home from Russia. Adenauer speaking in Friedland. Monument dedicated to the returnees.
(61 m) 06. sail Bremerhaven Golden wife at bow by windjammer. 260 sailing ships take part in tall ships parade. Balloon flying in the sky. Parade of the crews through Bremerhaven. Shield of the vessel tagged anticipates will: Libertad - Jolie Brise - Sir Winston Churchill - Richard von Weizsäcker, big, speaks to the crew interview: "the crews are available at this festival in the Center. Each of you is essential. In the community each on each must rely."
Schiffer piano player. Sailor choir sings "Yes we are guys" Weizsäcker and wife, great. Exit the windjammer. Vintage airplanes in the air. Spectators at the wharf.
(96 m) 07. US: why is the teddy bear - the teddy-bear - Steiff teddy bears, hares, storks. Small house in the southern German city in which Margarete Steiff (image over 100 years ago) sewed small stuffed animals. Picture her nephew Richard Steiff, who in 1903 made the 1st bear made of mohair. Plush animals decorated the feast at the U.S. President Teddy Roosevelt (image). So, after him, the bears hot Teddy. The Steiff farms. Production of donkey, giraffe, pig, polar bear, Teddy bear. Packaging of Steiff animals after the United States. Button is fastened in the ear. There are animals from 8 decades in the company's Museum.
(54 m)


Persons in the Film

Adenauer, Konrad ; Weizsäcker von, Richard ; Fuchs, Jockel ; Gutenberg, Johann ; Roosevelt, Teddy ; Steiff, Margarete ; Voss von


Bremerhaven ; Düsseldorf ; Friedland ; Mainz ; Munich ; Black Forest ; Sylt


Bremerhaven ; Segelschiff ; Mainz ; Stofftier ; Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Monuments ; Returnees, evacuees, Outlander ; Television ; Refugees ; Musical events ; News, communications ; Aerospace ; Reviews ; Radio, television ; Shipping ; Sailing ; Toys, toys ; Townscapes: Germany ; Surfing ; Buildings ; Medicine ; People ; veterinary medicine ; Flugzeugwesen, Flugwesen ; Fashion ; aerial photographs ; Exhibitions ; Flüchtlingslager ; 01 16 mm project ; Surfing ; 10 finding book Germany mirror


Periodicals (G)


Monthly Newsreel

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Deutschlandspiegel 389/1987

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Federal Republic of Germany

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75 Years of Transit Camp Friedland (September 20, 1945)

Friedland is known worldwide as the „gate to freedom.“ No other place in the Federal Republic of Germany is connected to refugees, expellees, displaced persons and returning soldiers like this municipality in Lower Saxony. More than four millions people have come to Germany through here.

The British military government founds the establishment in light of the massive migration after the end of World War II. Situated on the premises of the agricultural research institute of the University Goettingen that had been moved to Friedland, it was meant to collect the data of arriving people and ensure that their transfer was regulated and coordinated. The location was crucial for the selection of the site: the borders of the Soviet, British and US-American occupation zones meet here and it is on the important rail route Hannover--Kassel. 

On September 20, 1945 the reception camp begins operation. The first arrivals are mostly refugees, expellees and displaced persons from the former German territories, but also war evacuees and POW who were released from Western Allies prisons. By the end of the year 500,000 people travel through Friedland, where they receive the important registration license, which they need to apply for new papers and be allotted work, dwelling and ration cards. By the mid-1950s Friedland takes centre stage for “return of the ten-thousand”, the arrival of the last German prisoners of war from the Soviet Union. In 1950 the “Operation Link” begins with intake of ethnic German emigrants from Eastern Europe. After the fall of the iron curtain many Jewish immigrants from the former USSR come to Friedland. Then there are many international refugees who arrive at the transit camp: from the Hungarian people’s uprising in 1956, to the coup against Allende’s democratic government in Chile in 1974 or the “Boat People” from Vietnam in the late 1970s. Now many refugees are taken care of as part of the UNHCR resettlement program.  Friedland is also the reception centre for asylum seekers in Lower Saxony. There were moments during the refugee crisis when it was critically overcrowded. Last year almost 13,000 people stayed here temporarily.

Since 2016 a museum researches and presents the transit camp’s history in the building of a former train station. 

More video clips on this subject

  • Welt im Film 249/1950

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 192/1953

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 206/1954

  • Welt im Bild 172/1955

  • Neue Deutsche Wochenschau 299/1955

  • UFA-Wochenschau 82/1958

  • Deutschlandspiegel 41/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 97/1958

  • UFA-Wochenschau 226/1960

  • Die Zeit unter der Lupe 777/1964

  • UFA-Dabei 757/1971

  • UFA-Dabei 782/1971

  • UFA-Dabei 834/1972

  • Deutschlandspiegel 389/1987

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