01. Cologne: 1. FC Köln - Mönchengladbach 3:1
Kick-off Cologne. Spectators totally. Pierre Littbarski scores the 1-0 for Cologne. Cheers. Encore calls. ZL shots in front of Cologne Gate. Götz shoots there 2-0 ZL. Spectators with Cologne flags. 3 minutes later Hässler 3-0. Counter-attack 3-1 by Bruns in the second half.
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02. Nuclear fusion in Munich Garching
Building of the Max Plank Institute for Plasma Physics in Munich Garching. scientists on computers. Red warning lamp. Trick: H-atoms. Fusion and plasma formation in vessel that bends to ring to form a torus. 10 million hot plasma. Construction of the third Torus Asdex upgrade at the institute. Cooperation of scientists from the Soviet Union, USA, Japan, Europe at the Iter Institute.
O-tones: Professor Dr. Jürgen Raeder. MP - Institute of Plasma Physics Munich
Professor Dr. Ken Tomabuchi, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
Professor Dr. Chuck Flanagan, Oak Ridge National Laboratory USA
Professor Dr. Boris Kolbassov, IV. Kurchatov Institute for Atomic Energy
03. Hamburg: Aunt Ju
Ju 52 rolls out. Passengers walk over tarmac and climb into Ju 52. Propeller spins. Start with 3 propellers. Flight. Passengers on flight. Aerial view of Hamburg. Pilots. Flight and landing.
04. Small border traffic
The Eichsfeld. Duderstadt in East Germany. half-timbered houses. Trick card. Eichsfeld between Kassel and Göttingen. Border Germany - GDR. Bus drives. Small border traffic makes border permeable. Communion festival in Grenzdorf. Relatives wave to bus on departure.
05. 2000 years of Bonn
The Rhine in the morning. Bonn awakens. Cleaners. Shop grids go up. Sign: Federal Chancellery. Beethoven Monument. Beethoven Festival Concert. Birthday greetings: The Commonwealth Grüsst Bonn 2000. Flag: Bonn is 2000. Bust Konrad Adenauer. Roman busts. University. Cemetery. Gravestone August Wilhelm Schlegel. German stander to Mercedes. Carriage door is opened. Expansion of government districts. Driving recording. Choir Beethoven: Hymn to Joy.
Hamburg, Boehn Barracks. Conscripts on arrival will be registered. Brigade Commander Colonel Farwick O-Tone: Clothes Edition. Bed-making. Canteen. Soldiers show the young conscript what is required. Crawl under barbed wire, jumping over board wall. Young conscriptS O-tone.
In these weeks, as in all barracks in the Federal Republic, many young people, still in civilian, came to the Boehn barracks in Hamburg-Rahlstedt. On one of the various dates spread throughout the year, they move in to begin their service with the Bundeswehr.
Brigade commander Colonel Farwick explains:
"Since the establishment of the Bundeswehr more than three decades ago, we have had general conscription in Germany. Since then, more than four million soldiers who are required to defend their personnel have been trained in the Bundeswehr. With their military service, these soldiers make an important contribution to the maintenance of peace in freedom and make great personal sacrifices."
It is certainly not pleasant to give fifteen months of his life just to be trained on weapons that ihope you never need. And this is mostly far away from relatives and friends. However, a Bundeswehr of 495,000 men cannot be maintained without conscription for all. The Federal Republic of Germany has the largest and largest contingent of troops in the European NATO area. Together with its allies, the Bundeswehr stands ready to defend peace and freedom under the North Atlantic Pact.
In the first days of their service, the young conscripts can only once again watch what will be required of them. How do they themselves assess their commitment to military service?
"So I really only have the problem with time - that I have to be here for fifteen months, and that my professional progress is just limited - because I have done Abitur before and that is a considerable loss of time for me."
And do you have problems with military service?
"I think everyone has problems like that. As I said, this is conscription! If they didn't exist, I certainly wouldn't be here. But since they exist, we must go through here, as a necessary evil."
"I went to the Bundeswehr and spent my fifteen months here, because I believe that here in the Federal Republic one has many freedoms and rights - and then also has to take on the duty to defend these freedoms and rights."
02. Nuclear fusion in Munich - Garching
Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Munich-Garching! Hundreds of scientists are working here to try to solve the energy problems for the next millennium - by controlled nuclear fusion.
It is the same energy that has allowed the sun to shine and shine for five billion years. If these experiments are successful, all the problems of energy procurement for humanity would be solved. Raw material would be simple water.
Atomic nuclei, here hydrogen, are positively charged.
When they merge, energy is released. Hydrogen is heated to ten million degrees in order to remove the electron shell surrounding the atomic nuclei with a negative charge. The electrons then detach from the nuclei: this is plasma. Strong magnets enclose the pipe and form a force field so that the ten million degree hot plasma does not melt the walls. Finally, the tubular vessel is bent into a ring: a torus.
At the Max Planck Institute in Munich-Garching, the third, further developed torus, the ASDEX UPGRATE, is currently being built at a cost of billions. But it goes further. Scientists from the Soviet Union, the United States, Japan and Europe are working together in Munich on the ITER-INSTITUT, the International Torus Experiment. They hope that their descendants will be able to complete a fusion power plant.
Prof. Dr. Jürgen Raeder: "We want to build a next-generation plant - and these plants are now so large and probably so expensive that a single country can hardly cope with this problem."
Prof. Dr. Ken Tomabuchi: "Ten specialists from the Soviet Union, ten from the USA, ten from Europe and ten from Japan are working on this project."
Prof. Dr. Chuck Flanagan: "I am from the Oak Ridge National Labaratory of the United States, I am working on the ITER program, especially for analysis tasks, including cost estimates."
Prof. Dr. Boris Kolbassov: "Like Chuck Flanagan, I work in the field of systems analysis. I hope that the cooperation of scientists from all over the world can help to solve this complicated scientific problem."
Whether East, West, Munich-Garching, everyone is working together on designs for the energy technology of the future - for the next millennium.
03. Aunt JU
The winter break for the aviation veteran is over - and all tickets are sold out! Because: a flight with the "Aunt JU", the more than fifty-year-old traditional Lufthansa aircraft of the type "Junkers JU 52-3m", is an experience that many passengers in Germany do not want to miss.
It's a leisurely thing: the old aunt JU doesn't fly faster than 180 kilometers per hour. And with an altitude of only 800 meters, you can also enjoy the view much better than in the modern super jets above the clouds.
Of course, the veteran was restored from the ground up before he was repurchased by Lufthansa three years ago after a tumultuous fortune and decades of service in Germany, Norway, Peru, Colombia and the USA. Because even with this aircraft, which is older than its pilots, safety applies first! The JU 52 is still a flying piece of technical history. The older she gets, the more popular it has become.
04. Small border traffic
Almost exactly in the middle of Germany lies the Eichsfeld: not particularly rich, hardly any industry. A graceful hilly landscape, some villages, only a few small old towns, for example Duderstadt.
For many hundred years, the small landscape belonged to the possession of the far-flung Archdiocese of Mainz. When the spiritual territories came under secular rule, the land was cut off in 1815 by the administrative boundary of two provinces. In 1945, however, the provincial border became the border between the British and Soviet occupation zones - and thus today between the Federal Republic of Germany and the GDR.
In the small town of Duderstadt near Göttingen, this border, which separates Germans from Germans, has become a little more permeable since 1973.
Since there is the so-called "small border traffic" here as in some other places, the people in the Eichsfeld can visit each other again. This is a success of all the federal governments in their efforts to create more and more facilitation of intra-German travel. Recently, the inhabitants of the big cities of Hamburg and Kiel have also been able to take advantage of "small border traffic".
Communion celebration in Duderstadt: The relatives from the GDR take part, because family remains family, even after 44 years of forced separation.
We visited the Lins family in Gerblingerode, a village right on the border.
"I come from the GDR, about twenty kilometres behind the border, near Mühlhausen."
How often do you come here in "small border traffic"?"
"Yes, I could drive 60 days, gell? 60 days a year-- and take advantage of this depending on the occasion, for example here this family celebration:"
"Do you have relatives over there?"
"Yes, 'no whole lot!"
"Have you been over there many times?
"Yes, with my mother - more often!"
In the Federal Republic, all nine million inhabitants of the so-called border area can visit the GDR for one or two days, sixty times a year. The GDR, on the other hand, has so far allowed almost only people of retirement age to visit the West. Nevertheless: in long-term negotiations, the "small border traffic" could be gradually expanded and thus the consequences of the division of Germany for the affected people were somewhat mitigated.
05. 2000 years of Bonn
The Rhine in the early morning haze. On its shores, Bonn: Old civic city and capital of the Federal Republic of Germany awakens.
Bonn celebrates its 2000th birthday this year. The festival music is provided by the city's greatest son: Ludwig van Beethoven.
One year the world is a guest in Bonn. The fact that the ambassadors of 23 Commonwealth countries accredited in Bonn dedicated their traditional "Commonwealth Day" to their host city this time was one of many birthday greetings that reach Bonn during this time.
Bonn, these were always heads. For 2000 years. For example, the first Chancellor Konrad Adenauer. Or the ancient Romans. Their military camp was the nucleus of Bonn. Many names have been handed down. For example, Tarquitius Restitutus, who once caught fifty bears in the Rhine forests. - For a long time Bonn has sufficed itself. Bishop's residence, then university town. Famous professors taught here. In the old city cemetery they found the last rest.
Only since 1949, when Bonn became the provisional capital of the new Federal Republic, has the pulse of this quiet city of citizens and civil servants struck a little faster. Over the decades, Bonn became a political decision-making centre. Today Bonn has overcome the provisional arrangements of the early days. The government quarter will be expanded.
2000 years of Bonn. This is what citizens celebrate with their guests for a whole summer. And Ludwig van Beethoven, global and idealistic, sets the tone for this.