01 (231) open DDR borders Berlin on 9 November 1989 crowd at the Brandenburg Gate. People take pieces from the Berlin wall. Cars drive through open border crossings in Berlin. Cheers and welcome by GDR people at border crossings. Pedestrians and car convoy. Tears of joy.
Review of black and white: Berlin, August 13, 1961: construction of the wall. Fleeing. She wants down out of window. Wall refugees. Memorial for the dead of the wall.
Statements with GDR residents - "it is incredible"!
Illuminated Sadler Hall. Momper welcomes original sound. Genscher speaks interview.
Wall openings are broken. Momper meets his counterpart from East Berlin at Potsdamer Platz.
The West Berlin City Centre is drangvoll crowded. Long queues in front of the exchange offices for welcome money. Crowds on the streets. Chancellor Kohl makes a statement to the press, original sound.
(231 m) 02. Chancellor Helmut Kohl in German flags in Warsaw Poland. Aircraft rolls out. Cabbage comes down stairs. Kohl is out front of stand Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki. Talks. Wreath-laying ceremony by Kohl at the Memorial of Auschwitz concentration camp. Common worship in Krzyżowa. Kohl goes through quantity.
Embrace Kohl - Mazowiecki. Helmut Kohl interview speaks words of reconciliation.
Kohl and Mazowiecki sign joint statement.
Farewell to airfield. Child brings flowers. Handshake Kohl - Mazowiecki.
01 open DDR borders Berlin on November 9, 1989. A date that made history, because that day opened the Berlin wall. The symbol of the Division of Germany and Europe has become suddenly obsolete.
Where hours was previously the most fiercely guarded border in the world, tens of thousands celebrated a feast of joy. After 28 years of hermetic closure, the population of the GDR had fought for the freedom to travel by their Government.
More and more people, thousands, millions poured through the open borders. For most, it was first time that they were allowed in the West. In West Berlin and the Federal Republic, they were greeted with jubilation.
Not ripped off the convoy of East German cars, but more came on foot. Just a few metres from the East were insurmountable until that day to West Berlin, but for almost all, for families, for friends. The wall, this absurd edifice of today's world, now she has holes. And as if it were just a beautiful dream, all to convince that it is reality came.
This long-awaited moment, which quite a few No more thought that he would come Once again was overwhelming for many. In this moment of reunion gave way to the pent up pain of separation and lack of freedom as an evil Specter.
Since August 13, 1961, the day that the GDR became the prison for its citizens, the Berlin wall is a symbol for the Division. The desire to live in freedom, was stronger than the fear of becoming a victim of this limit. Images of escape, who then went around the world, and remind you that were 28 years ago cut through neighbourhoods and streets, families torn apart.
For the people in the other part of Germany, it was a departure from the hope of early freedom to many people, who were killed in flight To try, reminds a memorial stone. Now, the wall is open. Again hundreds of thousands in the GDR have demonstrated in the weeks before peacefully for more freedom with success. Yet some people don't believe it.
"Can we even do not touch!"
"Really, I would say, yes!"
"Insane, and it is a greeting, so we are - you can not describe."
"This is very good. That we today even where can, where we were never allowed. As a 10 year old boy the last time I was over there."
"Was ' n ever in the West before?"
"No, no, I'm away 34 years unddurftenie. We goods before a short time still over on the other side, and with my children, now may be here now that we can look at this page we are sweating quite huge. Look at, about To watch on, enjoy, experience. Let's see."
On November 10 East and West Berliners gathered City Hall for a rally outside the Schöneberg. Momper: "we all welcome in our midst, who are welcome as guests from East Berlin and the GDR under us -."
German Chancellor Helmut Kohl said before tens of thousands, this is a historic moment for Berlin and Germany, which is long been hoped. As the upcoming opening of another border crossing in the divided city known given was, you saw only jublende people on the square. Genscher: "there are now open: 18:00 the Glienicke bridge and Gadow." There will be morning open: 8:00 the transition eberswalderstrasse. "From 12:00 noon: Potsdamer Platz, Wollanckstraße."
The flood of visits in the West forced the GDR leadership for more transitions, holes in the wall and die_1. 400-kilometer inner German border to seize.
Statements: "it is madness, if I may so describe it, yes it is madness. We could not describe det, dat is unique! "That we can experience this, as the wall is now here, we endure here until she is down, this is a first, Yes, I must honestly say."
"I work 25 years here in the area and have seen how the wall was built and could not sleep tonight, came here from afar to see here how I work on in the next few years here, namely with the hole in the wall. Wonderfully!"
The wall at Potsdamer Platz has been breached, bow master, Walter Momper, West Berlin was one of the first who wanted to see it with my own eyes. Berlin these days is the happiest city in the world, he said.
Momper: "Yes, that is really the heart of old Berlin. Here it has beaten. Here, the artery was, here were the good traffic allocations from all sides of Berlin, and this place is now re-opened for traffic. That will be something again, like the heart between West Berlin and East Berlin."
His counterpart, the East Berlin Mayor, arose from the other side. The opening of the border will usher in a new life in Berlin, but the historical handshake, which should clinch it, goes down in the rush of photographers.
So it looked yesterday here: Potsdamer Platz, cut out from the wall, extinct. Here the wall fell, hundreds of thousands, and all came felt for Berlin now everything will be different.
At the same time in the West Berlin City Centre: because there are still major supply problems in the GDR, it surprise anyone that many To want to buy a once. At the end of the long line, there's a welcome money, Western currency, for which to wait it's worth.
Berlin was never so crowded: one million people were round it, which heruberkamen already in the first days, and unless only a stroll to make or to buy another newspaper. It was Sunday, but Berlin has continuously opened this weekend. They To want come back tomorrow back, say visitors from the East, but as soon as possible to their place of work.
Before the international press, Helmut Kohl discusses the Federal Government's position on this memorable weekend: conditions must be created in the GDR, which allow the people there to be able to stay in their ancestral homeland.
Kohl: "we experience deeply moved that the Berlin wall opens you At last for all of our compatriots. The people in East Germany have a right to free expression of opinion, on a free press, free formation of trade unions, to free establishment of. independent parties, free, equal and secret elections. Our countrymen are to fight these freedoms for themselves. You are doing of course our full support"
02. Cabbage in Poland another historic event for Europe: Warsaw prior to the visit of German Chancellor Helmut Kohl. For him, this visit was one of his most important foreign trips in recent years. Today, looming at the end of the cold war a new order of peace for the whole of Europe, a special importance to the relationship between German and Poland. Their relations in the heart of Europe currently entering a new stage. The dramatic events in East Germany have become possible also through the development of reform in Poland.
Tadeusz Mazowiecki is the first Communist Prime Minister within the Warsaw Pact. He faces the difficult task to lead his country through profound economic and political reforms in a better future, but the Chancellor said to support him. The German Chancellor visited the former extermination camp of Auschwitz, where many people, most of them, were murdered Jews by the Nazis.
Helmut Kohl reaffirmed in Auschwitz, urges that this place, never to forget the horrors of the past.
The two statesmen to a common worship is met in Kreislau. Here, a nucleus of German resistance to Hitler had formed. Many living in Poland people of German descent had appeared to the common mass.
Both leaders expressed them forever To want to overcome the divisions of the past in the spirit of reconciliation.
Kohl: "we don't To want to forget history, but we To want to learn from history together. And so let us from this altar in a peaceful future for our peoples. For the Poland, for the Germans, for all of us in Europe."
This move requires more encounters of young people from both countries. Therefore, cabbage and Mazowiecki agreed to expand youth exchanges. In joint declaration concluding ger, both sides reaffirmed In addition the Warsaw Treaty of 1970, in which both States have known to full respect for their territorial integrity. The Federal Republic of Germany supports the reform of the economy of Poland with a large utility. Loans are granted, and companies from both countries should collaborate in the future easier. Europe moves closer together. And also the Polish and the German people have To find a common future in freedom and self-determination in a United Europe. The Chancellor drew a positive balance: cabbage: "I say it especially here in Warsaw, that this immeditate in Germany between German and Poland is a large echo. Do you know a fateful hour of world politics, if in one such fateful hour in world politics, and that is, do not bold moves, when To want you ever do it? The time is ripe."
Chancellor Kohl and Polish Prime Minister are close to these days personally - both To want to meet the agreements and agreements with life.