Deutschlandspiegel 428/1990 1990


01 elections in the GDR and the formation of Government guard against the old guard in East Berlin. Soldiers of the people's army in the parade step. Polling station Berlin Mitte. Ballot boxes will be sealed. Voters. Interviews with voters and voters. Election posters. Counting of votes. International observers, including a delegation from the Council of Europe to monitor the correct sequence of the choice. Victory of the conservative Alliance. Lothar de Maiziere, Chairman of the East German CDU actuality: "people want to have thing answers and there I which connect me, that this economic, monetary, social Union is important so that so the people in the country stay and not leave us".
Ibrahim Böhme, SPD actuality: "it was the vote of the electorate. I reiterate, it was the first free, democratic, secret elections, we are democratic losers as Social Democrats and will begin work tomorrow."
Helmut Kohl interview: "We want together to that of Germany, by a reunified Germany, peace goes out, i.e., that we take this path as European Germans and as German Europeans in the 1990s, in peace and compromise with our neighbors."
People's Chamber of the GDR formed a grand coalition. The Prime Minister is elected Lothar de Maiziere, Hans Modrow congratulates de Maizière. Swearing in actuality by the Chairman of the Volkskammer Bergmann-Pohl. The Minister Peter Michael Distel, DSU, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior, Markus Meckel, SPD, Minister of Foreign Affairs, will be sworn in.
(116 m) 02 Leipzig spring fair - joint venture company cityscape Leipzig. Old trade and town houses, restored and receive, in addition to ruined neighborhoods. Exhibition and trade fair visitors. Agricultural machinery, tractors. Trading partners are taught in East and West on computer Exchange. Head o-ton: "the Leipzig fair is this time something quite extraordinary. At all cannot be compared with previous fairs, there is a spirit of optimism, the entrepreneur in PES, who want to start businesses or find partners not only in Germany, but also unites - assail us. Information in any form is required first and foremost."
Modern technologies are presented. Business Center United States quote: "we are for the first time at the Leipzig fair. So far we have focused in 1992 on the European internal market. But since last November, the focus of Europe has shifted to the East. Europe has become greater." French entrepreneur interview: "East Germans are looking even direct contacts with the French. The changes in the GDR have opened great opportunities the French and probably all Western countries."
(75 m) 03. On the way up - education scientific astronauts (D2) Heike Waldpot, a doctor and a high performance swimmer, great on swivel chair. Metereologin Renate Brümmer in the Simulator. Trampoline jumps. Running with the gas mask on treadmill. Mrs Haese interviewed Heike Waldpot. "What has awarded you, to have become candidate for D2?"
"I think., that I've covered a number of requests that were made." For example, in the mental health field certain skills or properties have certainly also to the part of my athletic past come here."
Working in the spacelab in the vacuum.
(60 m) 04. CSCE Economic Conference participants from East and West. All are committed to a market economy. Helmut Kohl at the lectern quote: "we want to build the United Germany and in Europe and definitely not against Europe." Both development of economic relations between East and West, we are only at the beginning. Our historic mission is now to take that stage of the CSCE process in attack, in which Europe should find its unity."
Participants of the Conference at the Rhine.
Manfred Hausmann actuality: "target is the vision of a pan-European economic space of over 500 million people – this is about the rules of future cooperation - and from a German perspective, it is of course important that the German economic unit is embedded in this wider pan-European context."
Richard von Weizsäcker actuality: "with the help of human creativity, social disposition and with mutual respect for nature will succeed, to present the objectives of the Helsinki Final Act - namely security and cooperation, human rights and peace."
(68 m) 05 paragliding in the Bavarian Alps - hang glider 2 start on the mountain and flight under large sails. Control 2 control cables. Flight through mountain gorges. Hang gliders in the sky. Landing.
(73 m)



Marktwirtschaft; Policy; Sachindex Wochenschauen; Leipziger Messe; Wahl; 01 16 mm project; 10 finding book Germany mirror


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Deutschlandspiegel 428/1990

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Die erste und letzte freie Wahl der DDR (18. März 1990)

Am 18. März 1990 finden die letzten Wahlen zur Volkskammer der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik statt. Dabei können die 12,2 Millionen wahlberechtigten Bürger*innen der DDR erstmals frei über ihre parlamentarischen Vertreter*innen abstimmen.

Mit 93,4 Prozent liegt die Wahlbeteiligung noch fast so hoch wie in den Jahrzehnten zuvor und erreicht einen historischen Höchstwert bei freien Wahlen in Deutschland.

Haben in den Umfragen noch die Sozialdemokraten die Nase vorn, kann die „Allianz für Deutschland“ die Wahl schließlich überraschend mit 48 Prozent für sich entscheiden. Das konservative Wahlbündnis war erst wenige Wochen zuvor aus einem Zusammenschluss der ostdeutschen CDU, dem Demokratischen Aufbruch (DA) und der Deutschen Sozialen Union (DSU) unter wesentlicher Mitwirkung der westdeutschen Christdemokraten entstanden. Es setzt sich von allen Mitbewerbern am stärksten für die baldige Wiedervereinigung und schnelle Einführung der D-Mark ein.

Demgegenüber fällt die von der westdeutschen Schwesterpartei unterstützte SPD mit 21,9 Prozent auf den zweiten Platz ab. Die aus der Sozialistischen Einheitspartei Deutschlands (SED) hervorgegangene Partei des demokratischen Sozialismus (PDS) wird mit 16,4 Prozent drittstärkste Kraft. Der „Bund Freier Demokraten“, erhält mit Hilfe der FDP 5,3 Prozent der Stimmen. Das „Bündnis 90“, eine Listenvereinigung basisdemokratischer Gruppen aus der Bürgerbewegung der DDR, kommt lediglich auf 2,9 Prozent. Sie hatten die friedliche Revolution nur ein halbes Jahr zuvor mitinitiiert und treten auch weiterhin für eine Neugestaltung des Sozialismus sowie für ein langsames und gleichberechtigtes Zusammenwachsen der beiden deutschen Staaten ein. Aufgrund des Meinungswandels, ihrer sich erst entwickelnden Organisationsstrukturen sowie des fehlenden finanziellen Rückhalts können sie allerdings nicht mit den konkurrierenden Parteien mithalten. 

Nach langwierigen Verhandlungen bildet CDU-Spitzenkandidat Lothar de Maizière eine Koalitionsregierung aus Allianz, Sozialdemokraten und Liberalen. Mit dem Beitritt der DDR zur Bundesrepublik am 3. Oktober 1990 löst sich auch die letzte Volkskammer auf.

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