Deutschlandspiegel 430/1990 1990
01 Deutsch-Deutscher rail traffic Frankfurt/Main Hbf. display sign: IC train to Leipzig 6.38. people go. Schaffner attached train sign. People waving from the window. IC drives. Passing on the former border watchtower. Leipzig Central station entrance IC Johann Sebastian Bach. On arrival, the Thomaner choir sings Motet by Bach. Disused tracks on the former border. Broken bridge. Construction vehicles and workers at Kassel-Leipzig railway reconnection. Laying of Rails in the restricted area. Historical steam locomotive opened the new line. Station Eichenberg.
The finance ministers sign the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic, Theo Waigel and Walter Romberg (64 m) 02. process of German unification in the presence of Helmut Kohl and Lothar de Maiziere the State Treaty on Monetary Union. Genscher, great. Prime Minister Lothar of the Maizière actuality: "the spirit in which this Treaty was, corresponds to the aims and wishes of the people in the GDR for freedom, prosperity and social justice. Here not foreign States have negotiated with each other, but fellow countrymen and friends who alienate themselves no longer want to be."
German Chancellor Helmut Kohl interview: "what we are witnessing is the birth of free and some Germany. Before the eyes of the world do we express our future in a liberal as the chosen, freely elected representatives of the Governments of the two parts of Germany, our will, as a people and as a nation together, to shape in a democratic State."
Chancellor Kohl meeting with Minister Presidents of the Länder, in the image of Engholm, Momper, Späth, Albrecht.
Finance Minister Walter Romberg from the Volkskammer actuality: "the situation was characterised by the increasing decline in an economic system. The Treaty had to be completed under these conditions within three months."
Waterworks Bonn. Finance Minister Theo Waigel before the Bundestag actuality: "economic, monetary and social Union is the ultimate irreversible step on the way to the State unit of in Germany. We face today for the first time in the history of our country the chance to complete unity in freedom. The now tangibly close day of Germany's unification is for future generations. the beginning of a new period in German history"
(93 m) 03. Because on the Rhein Vitra - Design - Museum Museum of furniture design. Modern museum building of the American Frank O. Gehry (photo), who is regarded as a distinguished representative of Deconstructivism. Collection of 1200 chairs of all eras.
(61 m) 04 Zwickau: VW production in the East German customs frontier Schirnding. Trabbi goes. Look under the hood. Exhaust. Village sign Zwickau. Production of the Trabant. Assembly halls. Start of production of the VW Polo. 1 Polo runs from the band.
(55 m) 05. Berlin: Cup final SV Werder Bremen - 1 FC Kaiserslautern 2:3 cheers of spectators in the Olympic Stadium. Game scenes. In the 11th minute, Labadia beheads a corner for the 1-0 to Kaiserslautern. Shortly thereafter, a goalkeeping error by Oliver Reck, who drops the ball leads to 2-0. 3. goal only 11 minutes for Kaiserslautern ZL. Spectators cheering. Fans with timpani. 2nd half: catching of Bremen. Frank Neubarth shoots the 3:1 flags are waved green-and white. Assault. After weak defense of the goalkeeper, the 3:2. Burgmüller shoots dangerous counter-attacking opportunities for Kaiserslautern. Burgmüller loses chance for Bremen and shoots over the goal. Penalty area scenes. ZL repetition. End of the game and cheering. Cup will be presented to Stephan Kunze, team leader of Kaiserslautern. Advertisement: Agfa - Hohes C - Panasonic - Sinalco - Winterthur - Mercedes Benz - Crisan - Wella - Atari computer - Herforder PILS!
Translated by Microsoft Translator
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30-Year Anniversary of Signing the State Treaty Establishing a Monetary, Economic and Social Union between the GDR and the FRG (May 18, 1990)
On May 18, 1990 the Finance Secretaries Theo Waigel (FRG) and Walter Romberg (GDR) sign the state treaty regarding the monetary, economic and social union. It goes into force on July 1. This implements a decisive step toward a German union.
The monetary union makes the D-Mark the sole means of payment in the GDR. Wages, salary, retirement payments, rent and other „recurring payments“ are converted 1:1. The exchange of monetary assets and debt is converted 2:1 above certain exemption limits.
The economic union restructures the planned economy by folding it into the structures of a market economy. The „Anstalt zur treuhänderischen Verwaltung des Volkseigentums“ established on March 1 was supposed to gradually privatize East German enterprises.
The social union finally includes the takeover of the West –German social security model with its compartmentalization into pension, health, unemployment and accident insurance as well as labour law with tariff autonomy, the right to strike, freedom of association, etc.
These measures help to stop the mass migration to the west and comply with the demand for a fast reunification.
However, as critics have warned beforehand, they do reduce the East German economy’s competitive advantage and thus accelerate its demise. The almost complete deindustrialization results in massive unemployment. The „Treuhand“ („trust agency“) in particular becomes the epitome of the intentional destruction of the East German competition as well as the sell-out of the GDR. The new states soon get the impression of having been dealt the cards of heteronomy and disadvantage.
While it is fair to say that thirty years later an approximation of living conditions has taken place it still cannot be considered alignment. The economic, social and last but not least cultural divide is still visible.