Deutschlandspiegel 431/1990 1990


01. the Monetary Union 1-7 1990 East Berlin: people at exchange desks at banks. Old banknotes with Karl Marx portrait. Money vehicles bring DM in the GDR. Steel cabinets. The Deutsche Bundesbank in former SED building.
Survey: Young woman: "Yes, that's a nice feeling that you get something for your money, somehow an equal citizen is no longer 2nd choice."
Young man: "Good feeling, and you do get something for your money."
Young woman: "just you wait how the shops are how the offers are the prices, and a little thinking ahead must you also, everything on the head can shape you och nich. First get leave, so the first 14 days, and then, if not more quite so funny in the stomach is."
Young woman: "much is open, what you could not otherwise; travel, you can't buy back what you otherwise could not."
Policeman: "not only shopping, but also the other bells and whistles, also the social consideration. We are really optimistic."
Textile mill is privatized. Women at sewing machines.
Seamstress: "so I got there really ain't no concerns." We do our work here, sew evt. prettier, better models and have also a better sales as a result. It must be better."
Designs are drawn.
Designer: "first I would like to say that I look quite optimistic in the future, if the point of the work is now back. Actually very positive and worth mentioning are the changes that finally now the shops are full of beautiful products that we produce here even. I am proud that we here make such beautiful things now and would also attract them. The fears are actually that the work could then fall away."
Shelves full of dresses, broadcasting, food and fruit. Buyer. Metro.
(128 m) 02. demolition of the wall and the Checkpoint Charlie car queues at wall. Controls. Demolition of the wall. Pieces of the wall fall. Transition of Bernauer Straße. Crosses for wall refugees. Friedrichstraße train station. Drive drums. Tip an East German watchtower.
Checkpoint Charlie: Review 1961 sw: chatting. U.S. tank and Soviet tanks face off.
Color: The Foreign Ministers of the 4 countries of crew Shevardnadze, Hurd, Dumas, Baker at Checkpoint Charlie. Genscher. Baker speaks. Band plays Berlin air. Grenzhaus is lifted up to crane.
(85 m) 03 foreign policy aspects of German unity Berlin: 2 + 4 Conference Markus Meckel welcomes Hurd, big, Baker, big, Dumas, big, Shevardnadze. Negotiations.
Genscher actuality to the press: "I think that here that all those involved do not want, that follows the European development behind the German development becomes apparent. This means the full sovereignty of the United Germany at the time of the merger for me also."
Cameramen, group portrait of 6 Ministers. "Polish border" in Parliament and people's Chamber Helmut Kohl before the Bundestag to the Polish border interview: "the German Bundestag today together with the people's Chamber of the GDR is an unequivocal message to Poland. The border of Poland to Germany, so how it runs today, is final."
Sabine Bergmann-Pohl from the Volkskammer actuality: "Both sides declare that they are against each other no territorial claims and does not raise such in the future."
Adoption of the resolution by a large majority by manual lifting.
(63 m) 04 Sandbahnrennen in Scheeßl - semifinal World Cup start. Karl Meier, title holder, with fine tuning on his machine. Motorcycle to test. Race management checks. Karl Meier interview explains the technical characteristics of the machine. Race. Cornering. Wertungssläufe. Last race. Karl Meier WINS almost. Laurel wreath.
(72 m)



Währungsunion ; Sachindex Wochenschauen ; Vereinigung DDR-BRD ; Foreign policy ; 01 16 mm project ; 10 finding book Germany mirror


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Deutschlandspiegel 431/1990

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30th Anniversary of German-Polish Border Treaty in the Two-Plus-Four Negotiations (July 17, 1990)

It was only in the third round of the of the so-called two-plus-four talks that one of the remaining but crucial obstacles on the path to German unification was finally overcome on July 17, 1990: the foreign secretaries of the two German states, the four victorious powers as well as Poland agree on a Polish western border.  Helmut Kohl had presented a Ten-Point plan for German unity on November 28, 1990 before the Bundestag. Bowing to the demands of the influential Federation of Expellees the plan did not mention the Polish border issue, a fact that didn’t sit well with Poland.

After all, the German unification touches on a problem that has remained unsolved since the end of World War II. In August of 1945 the Allied Forces had decided in the Potsdam Agreement to place the former German territories east of the Oder-Neisse-line under Polish civil administration until the boundaries were finalized in a peace treaty. However, once Germany was divided this peace treaty never came to fruition. The GDR recognizes the Oder-Neisse-Peace-Border in 1950 and in 1970 the FRG forgoes possible territorial claims, but a binding agreement under international law taking into account the still existing rights of the victorious powers for a united Germany still does not exist.

Once both German parliaments have passed bills acknowledging the Oder-Neisse border further steps are decided at the Paris summit in July of 1990. The two-plus-four treaty from September 12, 1990 finalizes the border definition of a reunited Germany under the terms that a unified Germany will recognize the Western Polish border in a treaty that is binding under international law ASAP. The German-Polish Border Treaty is signed six weeks after the German reunification, a year later it is supplemented by a Treaty of Good Neighbourship. The German and Polish parliaments ratify both treaties later in 1991. They come into force on January 16, 1992.    

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