Der erste Friedensvertrag des Weltkrieges 1918

Synopsis

Insert: "Brest-Litowsk, 9 February 1918 today, on February 9, 2: 00 a.m., the peace between the four federal and the Ukrainian people's Republic has been signed." W.T.B."

Delegates of the central powers in the Conference Hall (long settings);
Greeting of Ukrainian people's deputies at the negotiating table and opening of the session by State Secretary Richard von Kühlmann;
Signing of the peace treaty by Richard von Kühlmann and General Max Hoffmann (Germany), Foreign Minister Ottokar Graf Czernin (Austria-Hungary), Prime Minister Wassil Radoslawow and Colonel Peter Gantschew (Bulgaria), Hakki Pasha and Izzet Pasha (Turkey) and Mykola Ljubynski as the representative of Ukraine;
Sealing of the contract;
the representative of the Ukraine with General Hoffmann;
Celebrations with champagne after signing the contract.

Places

Brześć Litewski

Topics

Eastern front; Signing the contract; Baltic States (Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania); 1914-1918 (total period; first world war); First world war

Type

Documentary

Genre

Non-fictional and Event Document (S)

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Der erste Friedensvertrag des Weltkrieges

Country of Origin:
German Reich

Year of Production and/or Release

Year of Production:
1918

Censorship date: 01.02.1918

Censorship date: 18.02.1918

Censorship date: 20.03.1922

Credits

Technical Data

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Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (February 9, 1918)

On February 9, 1918 the first peace treaty of World War I is signed in Brest-Litovsk. It is a separate treaty between the newly established Ukrainian People’s Republic and the Central Powers. The treaty provides the newly independent Ukraine with German and Austro-Hungarian military aid in their struggle against Soviet Russia. In return the Ukraine promises to supply urgently needed basic commodities and food supplies to their former enemies—which is why the treaty is also called “peace for bread” in German.   

The treaty is signed while the German Reich and Soviet Russia are conducting their own peace negotiations. War weariness had led to uprisings in Soviet Russia even before the February Revolution. After the Bolsheviks take over power and declare their Decree on Peace Lenin begins to look for a way to exit the war. Following a public peace offer the armistice is signed on December 15, 1917. Official peace negotiations begin in early January.

However, the Bolsheviks break off their negotiations with the Germans just one day after the signing of the “peace for bread”, as many of their comrades consider the territorial demands too harsh and the peace terms too severe. Consequently, the troops of the German Reich start a full-scale offensive at the Easter Front, with the Austro-Hungarian military joining in soon after that. Weakened by internal conflict Soviet Russia cannot muster any resistance. They have no choice but return to the negotiating table. On March 3, 1918 Lenin’s appointees sign the peace treaty of Brest-Litovsk with tremendous concessions. Its terms are eventually cancelled by the Paris Peace Treaties.

More video clips on this subject

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  • Der Waffenstillstand von Brest-Litowsk

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