Emelka-Woche 1920

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Header: Picture: hand-operated a movie camera, blending from a revolving globe, moving car and train, as well as a starting airplane missing intertitles in image: scenes of a Chinese parade 1 subheads: it will be spring again. The linden breezes are awakened.
Image: nature shots of trees, birds and spring flowers. Flower seller on the street. Bistros shells their terraces. Men Polish a boat. Woman at the window shopping. Cyclists, marching band and couple on a park bench. Games and sports ground scenes.

2. subheads: sea fish than after. Housewives in the preparation of fish dishes.
Image: Shooting a fish show in a large market Hall. Preparation of various fish dishes in close-up.

3. subtitles: from the Zugspitze to Italy. First start of a free balloon "Munich 4" from the snow also flat amounting to 2600 m.
Image: flight preparations on snowman plateau. Start of the balloons and flying through the mountains.

4. subtitles (wahrsch. no longer Emelka): Berlin. Light, air and Sun!
Image is missing 5. subheads: opening of the "weekend exhibition" at the exhibition grounds on the Kaiserdamm in the presence of the authorities and of the Reich Foreign Minister Dr. Stresemann.
Photo: Impressions of visitors and participants of the exhibition. Stresemann and delegation are led through the exhibition.

6 subheads: Thomas Theodor Heine, the famous Munich painter and caricaturist, one of the founders of the "Simplizissimus" celebrated its 60th anniversary these days.
Image: Heine while walking with his wife and dogs, Heine at the drawing board and with output of Simplizissimus in front of his house standing.

7 subtitles: Pity - pity! Millions of litres of seized wines and spirits are destroyed every day in America.
Image: Several metre-high mountains of liquor boxes are set on fire.

8 subtitles: Berlin. Renovation of the Staatsoper.

9 subtitles: The conversion of Knobelsdorff Opera House was been estimated million mark at 4 ½. It must but already expected that the new building of the nor alone on about 10 million marks comes to stand.
Image: Work on the shell with scaffolding.

10 intertitles (Emelka again): The rocket flight succeeded! Fritze and Dave make their attempts on their own...
Image: Group of children experimented with Fireworks as a drive for toy cars and planes.

11 subtitles: Unfortunately this is not about off without 'Disasters'...
: Images exploding and burning toy planes. A boy crying.

Last image

Persons in the Film

Heine, Thomas Theodor ; Stresemann, Gustav

Topics

Berlin ; Weimarer Republik ; Weimar - erste deutsche Demokratie

Translated by Microsoft Translator

Title:

Emelka-Woche

Country of Origin:
Deutsches Reich (bis 1945)

Year of Production and/or Release

Year of Production:
1920

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100 Years since the US Prohibition (beginning January 1920)

On the night of January 17, 1920 a nationwide law banning alcohol in the entire United States goes into effect. The 18th amendment of the US Constitution penalizes the production, distribution and the sale—but not the consumption—of “intoxicating beverages”.  The “National Prohibition Act” came about mostly thanks to the decade long endeavours of the temperance movement, whose goal is the moral and physical recovery of the USA. However, the final straw is the food shortage during World War I. To implement prohibition copious amounts of alcohol are destroyed, acres and acres of vineyards cleared, thousands of breweries and distilleries closed and a rather ineffective special unit is deployed,

And yet, the „noble experiment“ is a spectacular failure. In order to meet the only marginally diminished demands for alcohol, organized crime blows up and an extensive underground economy develops, ranging from the production in secret distilleries on US soil, to comprehensive smuggling schemes from neighbouring countries involving conspiratorial transport structures, to concealed establishments, so-called speakeasies. This new line of business bestows enormous revenue on men such as Al Capone as well as unforeseen career opportunities and scope of influence.  

Over time the incomprehension regarding the ban on alcohol grows stronger, partly because the disputes among rivalling mafia groups now often occur in public, but also because of the growing number of deaths brought on by the consumption of tainted alcohol. On top of that, the state loses the revenue from the alcohol tax, which is actually much needed to balance the budget after the Great Depression. And thus in 1933 prohibition is repealed. Supposedly the first thing that President Roosevelt did was mix his favourite cocktail, a martini.

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