Der große Tag des deutschen Volkes

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Der große Tag des deutschen Volkes

Deutsches Reich (bis 1945)



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Friedrich Ebert’s 150th Birthday (* February 02, 1871)

Friedrich Ebert is one of the central figures of the German social democractic movement. In 1919 he becomes Germany’s first democratically elected head of state. 

Born in Heidelberg in 1871 to dressmaker parents Ebert trains as a saddle-maker after finishing school. As a journeyman he discovers socialism through his union work. He signs up for a membership with the SPD (Social Democratic Party). He settles down in Bremen and works his way up the party ladder: from a simple party member to a representative of the Bremen Bürgschaft, to leader of the local SPD and Workers Secretary. 1905 he is appointed to the board of directors of the SPD and moves to Berlin, where he continues his career. During World War I he is first elected into the Reichstag, when August Bebels dies he becomes secretary general of the SPD, a post he shares with Hugo Hasse. And finally, he is elected leader of his parliamentary group, along with Philipp Scheidemann.  

As chairman of the „Council of the People’s Deputies“ Ebert is instrumental in transforming the outdated monarchy into a parliamentary democracy in the aftermath the November Revolution. Not long after Germany’s first free and secret ballot for men and women on January 19, 1919 he is elected Reichspräsident by the national convention, three years later he is confirmed for a second term.

Ebert faces plenty of challenges during his time as a president. From the Versailles Treaty to the 1921 March Action and the Beer-Hall-Putsch to the fragile coalitions and a downright wave of political murders by right-wing extremists. Thanks to his politics which focuses on the general welfare and a compromise of political interests he manages to impart the young republic with relative stability. Still he faces attacks by opponents of democracy, both from the left and the right. While dealing with a defamation campaign he died on February 28, 1925, from the consequences of an appendicitis. Five days later a state funeral takes place in Heidelberg.

Mehr Videos zu dem Thema

  • Der große Tag des deutschen Volkes

  • Friedrich Ebert, Bilder aus seinem Leben

  • Messter-Woche 48 (seit 1918)

  • Zum Ableben des Reichspräsidenten Friedrich Ebert

  • Das Staatsbegräbnis des Reichspräsidenten Friedrich Ebert in Heidelberg

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